are drugs that speed up bodily functions, whereas are drugs that slow down bodily functions.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a disorder marked by excessive general activity for a child’s age, attention problems, high impulsivity, and low frustration tolerance. This may be linked to
Evolution is defined (in the text) as .
Map out the schematic conception of the components of the sensorimotor arc:
A substance produced by the adrenal glands, released in response to stress.
Specialized cells or groups of cells that respond to sensory stimulation.
are chemicals that have a pronounced effect on growth, maturation, behavior, and emotions and that are produced by endocrine glands and secreted directly into the bloodstream.
Central nervous system (CNS): The human nervous system, which includes the
and the .
A chemical substance that has the ability to alter perception, mood, behavior, and/or physiological function.
The regulates physiological functions such as respiration, heart rate, temperature, and digestion and includes the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.
A small endocrine gland found as a protrusion off the hypothalamus.
The stage of sleep is which does most dreaming occurs.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis maintains
The Sympathetic nervous system, part of the autonomic nervous system, instigates the physiological responses that accompany
Random brain activity is also called .
A drug that blocks the effectiveness of a neurotransmitter.
A state of being characterized by the compulsive desire to have a substance, such as a drug, in order to feel “normal” and postpone the effects of withdrawal.
The human nervous system is a communication system; its function is to transmit messages, also called .
is defined as the ability to change.
Neurons can carry impulses at speeds of nearly per hour.
plays a key role in the functioning of neurons associated with pleasure and reinforcement.
Awareness of one’s personal identity is .
A neurotransmitter linked with arousal, memory, and learning.
A totally secular view of origins simultaneously subsumes a view of .
The process by which a nerve cell recaptures some of the neurotransmitters it has released is known as .
is a term used to describe the path that drugs take through our body, from start to finish.
An agent or drug that enhances the activity of some naturally occurring substance.
The limbic system, associated with emotion, contains:
A neurotransmitter, the bulk of which is found in the gut, where it regulates intestinal activity.
are the building blocks of the brain and are divided into
Norepinephrine blood pressure and triggers the release of from energy stores.
Nerves are made up of bundles of .
Hormone-producing sex glands are called .
A central nervous system disease characterized by tremors, slow movement, and other symptoms; associated with low dopamine levels in the brain.
is a term used to describe the mechanism-of-action of drugs and their corresponding effects.