PSYC 101 Quiz 5 Motivation

PSYC 101 Quiz 5: Motivation and Emotion

  1. ________ is another term for overeating.
  2. McClelland suggests that achievement-oriented behavior is a combined function of _______ tendencies and ________ tendencies.
  3. theory of emotion states that one factor is an undifferentiated state of physiological arousal that underlies all emotions, and the second factor is the individual’s interpretation in light of what caused it.
  4. motivation describes the sensation when the greater the subjective value of an item or reward, the more someone is motivated to achieve the item or reward.
  5. Judgments and personal evaluations of one’s own competence are known as
  6. Approximately what portion of the adult U.S. population is obese?
  7. The incidence of obesity among children in the United States has more than _______ since the 1970s, suggesting that environmental factors may be more important than genetic or metabolic factors.
  8. ___________ needs satisfy the basic internal functions of an organism.
  9. The theory of _________ predicts that whenever there is conflict between cognitions (behaviors, beliefs, values, and desires, people will try to reduce the conflict.
  10. is categorized by patterns of intense, out-of-control overeating, followed by measures aimed at eliminating the excessive caloric intake.
  11. By using MRI recordings, Martin and associates found significantly increased activity in what part of the brain?
  12. Three types of stressors are:
  13. The word “motivation” is derived from the Latin meaning
  14. The _______ theory is the belief that intelligence is fixed and unchanging.
  15. The arousal theory states that individuals behave in a way to maintain a/an ______ level of arousal.
  16. Examples of psychological needs can include all of the following EXCEPT:
  17. Fat cells produce this hormone, that signals to the hypothalamus to reduce appetite.
  18. The _______ arousal component of emotion is the predictable bodily arousal and changes that we see in emotion.
  19. Physiological drives are related actual needs with respect to the drives for _______ and
  20. is the ongoing process by which an organism attempts to reach its full potential.
  21. The ______ theory is the belief that intelligence is not fixed and can be improved upon with effort.
  22. Around _______ of the world’s population is obese.
  23. Psychological hedonism can best be defined as the approach that suggests
  24. Physiologically, arousal is activity in the ____________ nervous system.
  25. A stressor is a stimulus event that places a demand on an organism for some kind of ________ response.
  26. Evidence suggests that as people become hungrier, they pay more attention to
  27. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are most common among _________
  28. ________ are the male sex hormone.
  29. The ________ fallacy is the faulty assumption that naming something explains it.
  30. The need for _________ is a strong desire to excel, meet some inner standard of excellence, and do well.
  31. needs are higher-level needs that relate to an organism’s tendency toward psychological growth.
  32. is diagnosed when an individual weighs less than 85% of his or her expected weight.
  33. The _________ Law describes the optimal level of arousal that exists for different behaviors; this level varies both for different individuals and for different behaviors.
  34. High self-efficacy often correlates to _____ achievement.
  35. ________ are known as innate, consistent responses to stimuli.


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