PSYC 101 Quiz 8 Psychological Disorders

PSYC 101 Quiz 8: Psychological Disorders and Treatments

  1. A classification of medications that treats depression through regulating neurotransmitters like serotonin.
  2. Therapist has the patient focus on his or her immediate interpretation of the meanings of environmental events, rather than obscure historical causes.
  3. An essential feature of ______ is a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity- impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
  4. A legal term defined by law and determined by a court in consultation with mental health experts.
  5. ____ means fear of open or public places.
  6. A technique used in psychoanalysis where the patient is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind without evaluating or discarding material.
  7. Individuals with ____ may display repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activity.
  8. Psychodynamic theory suggests that conflict existing among the id, ego, and superego produces anxiety in an individual.
  9. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can be linked to which of the following?
  10. Contemporary cognitive models take into account the interaction of _____ and ____ events with cognitive problems.
  11. False beliefs or opinions are ____.
  12. Defined as guides, or ways of looking at things, ____ tell us what to look for when we’re trying to understand, explain, and define what we mean by mental disorders.
  13. models lead to treatment concentrating on “unlearning” unacceptable behavior and learning (or relearning) more acceptable forms of behavior.
  14. A major disturbance in an individual’s thinking, feelings, or behavior that reflects a problem in mental function.
  15. Dissociative ____ is a sudden and temporary loss of memory not attributable to any organic cause.
  16. Systematic processes for helping individuals overcome their psychological problems.
  17. The _____model is primarily useful as a descriptive tool but does not help explain why an individual may display abnormal behavior.
  18. A disorder marked by excessive anxiety and worry, as a general state rather than episodic subjective sensation of anxiety.
  19. A neuro-developmental disorder characterized by deficits in general intellectual functioning, involving things such as reasoning, problem solving, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning, and learning from experience.
  20. When a therapist attempts to attach negative feelings and bring about avoidance behavior with respect to certain situations.
  21. Defense mechanisms (i.e. denial, regression, sublimation, etc.) emerge to reduce this anxiety.
  22. ___ involves fear of being alone.
  23. Dissociative ___ is a loss of memory characterized by wandering and sometimes assuming a new identity.
  24. A disorder that appears following exposure to an extremely traumatic event where fear is experienced long after the traumatic event.
  25. This form of intervention is designed to shape and establish new behaviors, such as learning to speak and play, and reduce undesirable ones.
  26. The ego’s defenses against revealing sensitive issues.
  27. An episode occurring for no apparent reason involving intense fear and anxiety, often accompanied by physical symptoms such as shortness of breath and heart palpitations.
  28. When a therapist exposes a patient to fear- or anxiety-producing stimuli.
  29. Recent use of a substance that induces a maladaptive and impairing state but is reversible.
  30. In _____, the behavioral part helps people change the way they react to anxiety- provoking situations.
  31. therapies are directed toward altering individuals’ perceptions of the world and of themselves.
  32. What percentage of all Americans aged 12 and up have tried one or more drugs?
  33. Phobias are intense, irrational ____, recognized by the person as unreasonable, and often leading to avoidance of certain objects or situations.
  34. According to the text, ____ is among the most devastating and the most baffling of human emotions.
  35. In _____, the cognitive part helps people change the thinking patterns supporting their fears.
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