PSYC 221 Exam 4

Liberty PSYC 221 Exam 4 Answers

Set 1

  1. By age 11, the average child, both males and females, weigh about _____ pounds.
  2. Quentin is receiving treatment for an emotional disturbance. His therapist has him express himself through a variety of mediums and with a myriad of materials. Based on what you have read in the text, it sounds like Quentin is receiving
  3. All of the following are contributing factors to children’s unhealthy eating habits EXCEPT
  4. There are developmental differences in the amount of gray matter in children. For example, around the ages of _____, the volume of gray matter in the parietal lobes, an area of the brain involved in spatial understanding peaks.
  5. Social phobia affects _______ percent of children.
  6. Honor has an fMRI and her doctor says that he notices that the gray matter has peaked in the lobe of her brain partially involved in dealing with language. He is referring to what part of the brain?
  7. There are developmental differences in the amount of gray matter in children. For example, around the ages of _____, the volume of gray matter in the frontal lobes, an area of the brain involved in higher- order functions peaks.
  8. Felicia has repeated intrusive thoughts and shows repetitive behaviors tied to those thoughts. Based on what you have read in the text, it sounds like Felicia may have
  9. Most parents can probably tell you that rough-and-tumble play reaches its peak during
  10. Based on current research, of the following school-aged children, who is likely to get the most sleep?
  11. Although individual growth in middle childhood varies widely, one typical difference between school- age boys and school-age girls is that
  12. Christina is beginning to feel like a giant among her classmates and thinks that something is wrong with her. Which of the following best describes children’s height gain during middle childhood?
  13. Which of the following statements about school-age children in non-literate societies and in industrialized societies is correct?
  14. With regard to the kinds of abilities evaluated by IQ tests, Robert Sternberg and other critics of these tests maintain that IQ tests
  15. Jorge, age 7, can conserve substance but not weight or volume. According to Piaget, Jorge’s conservation abilities demonstrate
  16. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 emphasizes
  17. Butler should use all but which of the following mnemonic strategies during spelling lessons with her fourth graders?
  18. Which of the following environmental factors may have a negative effect on intelligence test scores?
  19. Mohammad has arranged a selection of blue paints from darkest to lightest. Piaget would say that Mohammad is demonstrating:
  20. Lindsey is 8-years-old and is in the concrete operations stage of development. Compared to her 5- year-old brother, Lindsey can better understand
  21. Moira’s mother told her that all the girls in the third-grade were very nice. So, when Moira sat down to eat with her classmate Henna, she believed that she would be nice. Moving from a general premise about a class to a conclusion about a particular member of the class is called
  22. Kevin, a middle school student, should be able to
  23. Which of the following statements regarding selective attention in middle childhood is FALSE?
  24. Which of Piaget’s three stages of moral development corresponds to the concrete operational stage of cognitive development?
  25. The development of children’s moral values
  26. Pablo, who speaks Spanish, is in a second-language education class where he interacts with English-speaking and Spanish-speaking students in both English and Spanish. This method of second-language education is best described as
  27. Karut is growing up in a home and a neighborhood with constant, pervasive violence. He often has trouble sleeping, he cannot concentrate on his homework, and he has been sent home three times already this year for fighting. According to your textbook, what else is Karut likely to experience?
  28. The correlation between victimization by a bully and self-esteem shows us that bullying victims tend to have low self-esteem. From this correlation we can conclude
  29. With regard to the typical composition of peer groups in middle childhood, which of the following statements is correct?
  30. Johnny is a middle school student and Raymond is a kindergartner. Based on their ages, Johnny is more likely to engage in _____ aggression, while Raymond is more likely to exhibit _____ aggression.
  31. The developmental task of middle childhood is resolving the conflict of
  32. Longitudinal research suggests that changes in sibling relationships are most likely to occur when one sibling is between the ages of
  33. Adoptions where parties share information or have direct contact are called _____ adoptions.
  34. Marcy views herself as being generally capable and competent in most aspects of her life. Marcy has a high degree of
  35. Nine-year-old Stephanie is beginning to internalize the values of her parents and society. Although her parents exercise general supervision over her, when she is not with them she exercises her own form of self-supervision. This phenomenon is called
  36. Popular children tend to have parents who have adopted which of Baumarind’s parenting styles?
  37. Children’s self-concepts in middle childhood are _____ they are in earlier periods of development.
  38. As discussed in your textbook, which of the following is NOT an African American extended-family tradition?
  39. Parents who wish to exert a positive influence on their children’s emotional growth should
  40. By what age do children typically show pride and shame?

Set 2

  1. Hunter has an fMRI and his doctor says that he notices that the gray matter has peaked in the lobe of his brain partially involved in dealing with higher‐order thinking. The doctor is referring to what part of the brain?
  2. Sleep needs decline from about ___ hours a day at age 5 to a little more than ___ hours a day by age 9.
  3. A common medical problem of overweight children is high _____.
  4. Based on current research, of the following school‐aged children, who is likely to get the least amount of sleep?
  5. Christopher has been having sudden attacks of coughing, wheezing, and breathing difficulties for the past seven months. A likely diagnosis for Christopher’s condition is
  6. Colton has a history of getting into fights, being expelled from school, and recently broke into a house in his neighborhood. He has also been brought home by the police on several occasions for damaging public property. Based on what you have read in the text, it sounds like Colton may have _____.
  7. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the cognitive advances seen in middle childhood that can be traced back to changes in the brain’s structure and functioning?
  8. From 1980 to 1995, the incidence of asthma has _____.
  9. Children are first introduced to the magic of the Tooth Fairy when their primary teeth begin to fall out at about age _____.
  10. Wyatt has been diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD). What is NOT a typical behavior of children with this disorder?
  11. The recommended amount of sleep for first through fifth graders is _____ hours.
  12. Elizabeth is receiving injections of growth hormone to increase her height. These hormones:
  13. Eight‐year‐old Agnes was diagnosed with asthma three years ago. Her condition is referred to as a(n) _____ medical condition.
  14. Mohammad has arranged a selection of blue paints from darkest to lightest. Piaget would say that Mohammad is demonstrating:
  15. The intelligence test that seeks to measure componential, experiential, and contextual elements of intelligence through multiple‐choice and essay questions is the
  16. Once Rita reached middle childhood, spelling tests became easier. She seemed to understand more about how her memory worked. In middle childhood, metamemory
  17. Early teacher identification of children who exhibit social problems may improve children’s
  18. In research that was based on Vygotsky’s social interaction model, which children were likely to write stories with fewer errors?
  19. The most commonly diagnosed learning disability is
  20. Bob is asked to remember to get a loaf of bread at the store, so he repeats over and over, “bread, bread, bread.” His memory strategy is an example of the technique called
  21. Kevin, a middle school student, should be able to
  22. The Nelsons were against having their son, Cayden, tested at school. The teacher told them that a significant advantage of taking an intelligence test is that it
  23. Piaget divided the development of children’s moral reasoning into
  24. Children who do well in school generally have parents who
  25. Carmella knows that a given amount of spaghetti remains the same whether the spaghetti is in long strands or broken into short pieces. She has acquired an understanding of
  26. Starting with observations about particular members of a class and then drawing general conclusions is called
  27. The ability to stifle the impulse to show negative emotion at inappropriate times is called
  28. Which of the following factors influences sibling relationships and roles?
  29. Children who are victims of bullying tend to have
  30. A recent cross‐cultural study in China found that in today’s quasi‐capitalist society, a trait that was prized as recently as 1990 is now “rejected.” Which of the following traits do teachers and peers now view negatively?
  31. If you were to summarize Selman’s work regarding friendships, which of the following statements would you use?
  32. When you use phrases like “they are all alike” or “you know how they are,” you are showing an unfavorable attitude toward outsiders based on group membership. This bias is called
  33. Children who engage in _____ aggression frequently see other children as trying to hurt them, and they strike out angrily either in retaliation or in self‐
  34. The correlation between victimization by a bully and self‐esteem shows us that bullying victims tend to have low self‐ From this correlation we can conclude
  35. Which of the following does NOT contribute as a protective factor?
  36. Children’s self‐concepts in middle childhood are _____ they are in earlier periods of development.
  37. Studies have found that children in one‐parent families tend to do less well socially and academically than do children of two‐parent families. Which of the following is NOT a factor contributing to this trend?
  38. Which of the following statements about resilient children is FALSE?
  39. Based upon McLoyd’s findings, many parents who live in poverty use
  40. Which of the following statements regarding the care of younger siblings by older ones in developing countries is correct?
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