PSYC 221 Exam 3

Liberty PSYC 221 Exam 3 Answers

Set 1

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the health of poor children is FALSE?
  2. According to Kellogg, 2-year-old Lucille’s artwork that adorns the refrigerator is best characterized as
  3. Bonnie has apparently awakened from a deep sleep. She is staring ahead and breathing quickly. When asked if she has had a bad dream, she does not answer but promptly lies back down and falls asleep. The next morning, she has no recollection of the experience. Bonnie experienced a
  4. Jerome is approaching early childhood. His parents know that their niece Lydia has studied child development so they ask her what they should expect. Which of the following is NOT something that Lydia will tell them?
  5. By what age are all the primary, or deciduous, teeth in place?
  6. A government program providing medical assistance to low-income families is called
  7. Children can get lead in their bloodstreams from lead-contaminated food and water, and from inhaling dust from lead-based paints in schools and homes. To reduce the effects of lead exposure, parents can
  8. Worldwide, four major causes of death account for more than half of deaths in children younger than 5. Which is NOT one of these causes?
  9. Which of the following statements regarding handedness is FALSE?
  10. Mollie, age 4, refused to go to sleep without her favorite rag doll. The family was up late because “Rag Doll Ruthie” had to finish in the wash cycle and spend a period of time in the dryer. “Ruthie” is an example of
  11. Most 3-year-olds can
  12. In the United States, the leading cause of death among children today is
  13. Excessive weight gain during early childhood is a result of
  14. The preoperational stage of cognitive development marks a major qualitative leap in thinking because it ushers in
  15. Which of the following statements about Project Head Start is FALSE?
  16. Callie does not realize that she needs to turn the book so that her father can see it. She can see it just fine. This is an example of
  17. In ______, preschools are expected to provide academic preparation for schooling.
  18. Preschools in China emphasize _____ more than preschools in the United States.
  19. When information is needed, David searches his mind looking for the answer and then writes it down. David’s search is referred to as
  20. Emma, age 3, runs into the room to show her parents a picture she has drawn. While holding the paper with the drawing facing her, she says, “See my picture?” Her parents, able to see only the back of the paper, ask to see the drawing. Emma just holds the paper closer to them without turning it around. Emma’s behavior demonstrates
  21. At age _____, children’s language first becomes more adult-like as they incorporate compound and complex sentences, employ all parts of speech, and use prepositions and articles.
  22. Sarah was mean to her brother, Adam. When Adam got sick, Sarah concluded that she made her brother sick. This is an example of
  23. Around the ages of 9 to 11 months, children develop the concept of more or less and bigger and smaller. This concept is called
  24. Vygotsky viewed private speech as
  25. According to the social interaction model for memory retention, which of these statements is FALSE?
  26. Information being encoded or retrieved is kept in a short-term “storehouse,” which is referred to as
  27. Research suggests that compared to those who are unpopular, well-liked preschoolers and kindergartners
  28. Madeline took Billy’s toy boat away from him and made him cry. Madeline’s parents talked to her about how sad Billy was and how badly he felt. Madeline felt sorry about what she had done and gave the boat back to Billy. Which form of discipline was used?
  29. Tasha’s judgment and evaluation about her self-worth is called her
  30. The _____ is how one perceives oneself, and the _____ is what one would like to be.
  31. A style of parenting in which parents focus on their own needs is called
  32. Which of the following statements regarding play is correct based on the 1920 research by Mildred B. Parten?
  33. Lana asks her mother if she can have a friend over on a school night to study. Her mother quickly reminds her that the rule is no visitors on school nights, and she is not going to break it. Lana’s mother is demonstrating a(n) _____ parenting style.
  34. Research suggests that boys use _____ aggression and girls use _____ aggression.
  35. Research has found that peers begin to reinforce gender-typed behavior by the age of:
  36. Parents and teachers of preschoolers can avoid fostering the “helpless” pattern associated with low self-esteem by
  37. The theory of sexual selection was developed by:
  38. Timmy is an aggressive child who spends time with friends who behave the same way. Timmy’s parents are convinced that he is a good child who is aggressive only because of his friends. Which of the following statements regarding aggression is correct?
  39. According to your textbook, the word discipline has the same general meaning as
  40. Play is an important part of child development, and, in our fast-paced world, many children do not have enough unscheduled time to just play with their friends. On which of the following areas of development does play have an influence?

Set 2

  1. Which of the following statements regarding handedness is FALSE?
  2. Excessive weight gain during early childhood is a result of
  3. Ninety‐four percent of deaths in children younger than 5 occur in what continent?
  4. Chad has just gotten his first permanent tooth. If he is an average child, what age would you estimate Chad to be?
  5. Which is not true of early childhood brain growth and development?
  6. A federal government program that extends insurance to children that are uninsured or in near‐poor families is called
  7. Which of the following is NOT true regarding allergies in children?
  8. Children can get lead in their bloodstreams from lead‐contaminated food and water, and from inhaling dust from lead‐based paints in schools and homes. To reduce the effects of lead exposure, parents can
  9. Which statement about handedness is correct?
  10. An example of a transitional object is
  11. Environmental contaminants may play a role in certain childhood issues such as
  12. Enuresis is the medical term for
  13. Jane’s “baby teddy” is kept in her mother’s car to help calm her down when she has to go to daycare. “Baby teddy” is her ______ object.
  14. Which of the following scenarios does NOT exemplify the symbolic function?
  15. One of the differences that was identified when children of different cultures were asked to remember an experience was that
  16. _____ is the preoperational child’s tendency to mentally link particular experiences with or without a logically causal relationship.
  17. Compared to children who have no imaginary companions, children who do have imaginary companions
  18. Children often do not use deductive or inductive reasoning; they just jump from one idea to another and see causes where none exist. This is referred to as _____.
  19. Four‐year‐old Lenny is playing outside in the snow when he suddenly asks his father for a cup of hot chocolate. According to Piaget, Lenny’s ability to think about hot chocolate, even though there is none around, shows that he is capable of
  20. Which of the following statements about delayed language development is FALSE?
  21. Yesterday, 5‐year‐old Josh heard his father say, “Water accumulates on the roof when it rains.” It was the first time he had ever heard the word “accumulate.” Today, Josh told his mother, “My toys accumulate in my room.” Josh is exhibiting _____.
  22. At age _____, children’s language first becomes more adult‐like as they incorporate compound and complex sentences, employ all parts of speech, and use prepositions and articles.
  23. Which of the following statements regarding fast mapping is FALSE?
  24. Callie does not realize that she needs to turn the book so that her father can see it. She can see it just fine. This is an example of
  25. Speech intended to be understood by a listener is called _____ speech.
  26. Compared with intelligence tests for infants and toddlers, tests for preschoolers take on a new dimension as emphasis is placed on assessing
  27. Tom’s father is thrilled that his daughter is playing soccer again this summer, but he is not pleased that his son wants to take art classes. In socializing children, parents generally:
  28. If Sally’s parents want her to stop misbehaving, research suggests that they should
  29. Catherine has spent most of her life watching her aunts and her mother help the elderly at the church. She is observing prosocial behavior, or
  30. Methods of molding children’s character and teaching them self‐ control and acceptable behavior referred to as
  31. Leo thinks he is the smartest kid in his kindergarten class. The judgment a person makes about his or her self‐worth is called
  32. At Jason’s birthday party, all of the children are playing with toy cars in the backyard. Although the children are sitting near one another, each child is playing separately with his or her selected cars. Parten would describe this as _____ play.
  33. Research has found that peers begin to reinforce gender‐typed behavior by the age of:
  34. The _____ theory, associated with Lawrence Kohlberg, holds that a child learns about gender by actively thinking about his or her experiences.
  35. Joey came home from school and asked his parents if he could stay up later on Wednesday nights to watch a new television show. As a family, they came to a compromise on a new bedtime, with the stipulation that Joey be ready for bed before he watched television. Joey and his parents also agreed on consequences in the event that he did not get to bed on time. Joey’s parents are using a(n) _____ style.
  36. In Erikson’s theory, which of the following parental behaviors is least likely to help children achieve a healthy balance between initiative and guilt?
  37. Observations of preschool‐age siblings indicate that
  38. Roberto’s parents often express their displeasure with his misbehavior by ignoring him when he is acting inappropriately and for a short time afterward. This is called
  39. China’s policy of limiting families to one child has facilitated several observations. Which of the following observations is correct?
  40. Jennifer knows that she is a girl, and by watching what other girls do in her culture, she is learning how she is expected to behave. Which theory holds that gender‐ typing is acquired in this way?
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