PSYC 221 Exam 2

Liberty PSYC 221 Exam 2 Answers

Set 1

  1. Often, a neonate is assessed using the the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, which examines
  2. Patterns of parent‐infant interaction may be based on
  3. A medicated delivery is one in which
  4. Jason remarks to Darleen, who is 6 months pregnant, that it would be nice if they could go back to a time when it was easier to bring a child into the world. Darleen has read the literature about how childbirth procedures have changed over the years and is a little less enthused. Which of the following statements about childbirth in the past is FALSE?
  5. Postmature babies are at risk for
  6. Jaedyn was born five days before her due date. She weighed 5 pounds at birth. Jaedyn would be classified as a _____ infant.
  7. Gannon and his twin brother Garrett have just been evaluated for their responses to stress, ability to calm down, reflexes, hand‐mouth coordination, alertness, and response to cuddling. Which test have they been given?
  8. One‐week‐old Cody’s eyes are open, and he is quietly looking around the room. Cody’s is in a state called
  9. Which of the following is most beneficial for a low‐birth‐weight baby?
  10. Though Elaine has no formal medical training, she has given birth to five children and has exceptionally good interpersonal skills. She would like to receive training that would enable her to help other women emotionally during the birthing process. Which of the following roles should she look into?
  11. Which of the following is the chief cause of neonatal death worldwide, accounting for 86 percent of all neonatal deaths?
  12. The most mature sensory system for the first few months of life is the sense of _____.
  13. Which of the following groups is least likely to have babies that die in infancy?
  14. Which of the following was NOT an observation made about the children discovered in Romanian orphanages?
  15. The leading cause of postneonatal infant death in the United States is:
  16. Which of the following is necessary for proper depth perception?
  17. The American Academy of Pediatrics now maintains that anesthesia is _____ during circumcision.
  18. If a normal, healthy infant dies in his sleep, he most likely suffered from
  19. Which of the following brain structures has its major growth period before birth and is responsible for basic bodily functions such as breathing and heart rate?
  20. The tiny gaps that are the communication links in the nervous system are called
  21. HOME is an instrument for evaluating the effect of a child’s home environment on
  22. Characteristics of child‐directed speech, or “parentese,” include all of the following EXCEPT
  23. The sensorimotor stage
  24. According to Piaget, a baby who habitually sucks his thumb is demonstrating
  25. Derek is asked to reach into a box while blindfolded and hold a small rubber duck. Later, he is shown several pictures of different toys, including the duck, and is asked to choose the one that he handled earlier. If he chooses the duck picture, this action suggests that he is capable of
  26. Which of the following is an example of telegraphic speech?
  27. The substage of sensorimotor development in which the child uses trial and error to find which one of his or her physical skills works best for a particular task is called
  28. Research on memory suggests that 10‐month‐old Isabelle
  29. _____ is a communication system based on words and grammar and _____.
  30. Researchers study infants’ information processing by considering all of the following EXCEPT
  31. During the “Strange Situation,” Tony rarely cries when his mother leaves and is not eager to greet her when she returns. He appears to be
  32. Infants generally begin to laugh out loud at about the _____ month of life.
  33. Which of the following research tools measures attachment by asking raters to sort descriptive words or phrases into categories ranging from most to least characteristic of the child?
  34. The most developmentally sound approach to comforting a distressed baby is to
  35. Around 8 or 9 months, babies often show discomfort and wariness around individuals they do not see on a regular basis. This behavior is called
  36. Which of the following is NOT a pattern of attachment during infancy identified by Ainsworth?
  37. Sandra is going through a list of descriptive statements such as “likes to be held” and “cries a lot.” She classifies the statements from most to least descriptive of her child. Sandra is completing the
  38. Jessica’s parents work hard to make sure that she has everything that she needs to be healthy and happy. They consistently work to give her quality care and love. From Erikson’s perspective, she will resolve her first crisis in favor of
  39. Which of the following children is probably NOT experiencing a problem of “fit” between temperament and environment?
  40. Infants who show wariness of unfamiliar people from about age 6 months to 1 year are

Set 2

  1. According to the Kauai longitudinal study, which of the following factors seems to protect some individuals from the harmful effects of birth complications?
  2. A healthy newborn can receive a maximum score of _____ on the Apgar scale.
  3. Troy was born 38 weeks after conception and weighs 4 1/2 pounds. Troy is
  4. Newborn babies sleep an average of _____ hours per day.
  5. Christa is now in her 43rd week of pregnancy. Her unborn baby is considered to be
  6. Which of the following is NOT considered a protective factor against potentially negative influences of early life stressors?
  7. A criticism of the use of anesthesia during childbirth is that it
  8. The placenta is expelled from the mother’s body during the _____ stage of childbirth.
  9. Krystal’s obstetrician has told her that the baby she is about to deliver has his buttocks down in the uterus. Krystal’s baby is in the _____ position.
  10. By _____ of age, more than half the baby’s sleep takes place at night.
  11. Which of the following statements about the components of a neuron is true?
  12. The leading cause of postneonatal infant death in the United States is:
  13. The tiny gaps that are the communication links in the nervous system are called
  14. Which of the following is a part of the brain that maintains balance and motor coordination?
  15. When authorities remove a maltreated child from his/her home, the usual alternative placement is
  16. Which of the following is necessary for proper depth perception?
  17. Which of the following statements is true of racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality?
  18. Which of the following is the chief cause of neonatal death worldwide, accounting for 86 percent of all neonatal deaths?
  19. Which of the following statements about obesity is true?
  20. Which of the following groups has the highest risk of dying from SIDS?
  21. Two-year-old Rhonda received an injection from a doctor who had a beard and wore glasses. Now she fears any man who has a beard and wears glasses. Rhonda’s fear is a result of
  22. “Parentese” includes all the following characteristics EXCEPT:
  23. When children grow up in a bilingual home, they develop the ability to switch from one language to another, which is called code
  24. Charles is a typically developing child. When Charles was about _____ months old, he began to imitate sounds deliberately.
  25. A child who calls a dog a “bow-wow” and also calls a cat a “bow-wow” is
  26. As a child, Juan always enjoyed Sunday outings with his grandparents. Juan rarely felt happier than when he got into his grandparents’ car and pulled away from his house. At the time, his grandmother loved to listen to one particular singer on the radio. Although this all happened more than 20 years ago, whenever Juan hears a song by that musician, he gets a warm feeling as he is reminded of those Sundays. Which of the following best explains this phenomenon?
  27. Alfred has a mathematics background and believes strongly in quantitative measures of variables. Jeanne insists that many important developmental outcomes are more qualitative than numerical. It would appear that Alfred supports the _____ approach to studying cognitive development, whereas Jeanne endorses the _____ approach.
  28. “Mommy go now” is an example of ______ speech.
  29. Derek says, “Wa,” meaning “I want some water.” This is an example of
  30. An 8- to 12-month-old infant searches for a hidden object in a place where she previously found it rather than in the place where she most recently saw someone hide it. This is an example of what Piaget referred to as
  31. Chinmay starts to get into his father’s toolbox, even though his father has told him not to do so. As he reaches for the toolbox, Chinmay begins to feel guilty and decides to leave the tools alone. Chinmay has developed
  32. According to Bowlby and Ainsworth, attachment forms primarily as a result of
  33. is the significance of being male or female.
  34. Negativism is typically a(n)
  35. Our image of ourselves is called our
  36. Kendrick has been awake in his crib for a long time. He produces two or three drawn-out cries with no prolonged breath-holding. He is probably
  37. Which of the following is a preferred way to measure attachment between a mother and a baby?
  38. One of the earliest behavioral differences between boys and girls is a preference for
  39. A study of 1-year-olds who were presented with new, strange objects (like jiggling toys, for example) revealed that
  40. Differences in sociability among very young children
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  1. PSYC 221 Exam 2 92:100
  2. PSYC 221 Exam 2 Set 2