The ability to use language to communicate effectively by using well-organized narratives primarily depends upon the development of ____________ skill.The measure of social status that combines aspects of education background, income, and occupation is called
The measure of social status that combines aspects of education background, income, and occupation is called
Video response. Review the video on, page 135 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct. Statement 1: children across all cultures, experience separate anxiety, around 12 months old; this is consistent because of human genetic factors. Statement 2: Cultural factors can influence children’s response to strangers, and the existence of separation anxiety. Statement 3: Only children who live in orphanages have a lower anxiety response.
Theories of development differ from opinion primarily because:
At 10 months old, Suzie is very active, responds intensely to stimulation, avoids new stimulation, and tends to be irritable and fussy. Her temperamentwould be called
When considering the level of trait in easy and difficult temperaments, as summarized in table 4.3, which statement is FALSE:
Basic emotions such as _____________ can be observed in young infants, but self-conscious emotions such as ____________ only emerge in childhood.
Contemporary developmentalists focus on which question concerning nature and nurture?
The adult attachment inventory (AAI) is used to assess the quality of attachment that parent have established with their own infants. Which statement is INCORRECT regarding the finds of Main and her colleagues:
The still-face paradigmhas been used primarily to study
Which statement regarding the understanding of objects, in infancy is FALSE?
Which statement about cross-cultural influence on infant attachment is TRUE:
Counselors must recognize the principle of ___________: Individual pathways of development may result in a wide range of possible outcomes.
Dawson recently gave birth to twins, a girl and a boy. Which of the following statements about them must be true?
In lifespan developmental theories, significantdevelopmental changes are thought to be largely complete by
According to Vygotsky, language is one product of shared understanding among members of a social group and may be considered a ____________ that facilitates learning and thinking.
Which of the following best represents early prenatal brain development?
Which of the following is an accurate description of the long-term effects of chronic stress on the body?
An attempt to forestall the development of problems by promoting health and wellness in the general population is called
In one study, young rats exposed to stress vocalized their anxiety. Their mothers, alerted to this distress, responded with diligent caregiving behavior that altered the development of the hippocampus. Which of the following processes or principles does this example demonstrate?
Which of the following is a true statement about the stability of infant attachments?
Sally, age 28, recently married John, age 45. They would like to have a child, but they are concerned that they may be at high risk to have a child with a chromosomal abnormality, like Down’s syndrome, because of John’s age. What is their genetic counselor likely to tell them?
Myelinization is the process which involves
Stage theories of development typically describe ____________ changes in behavior, cognition, or social relationships.
Developmentalists study what infants and children understand about other people’s intentions, desires, beliefs, feelings, and so on. This field of study is referred to as
Using Erikson’s developmental theory as a framework, which of the following statements is an accurate representation of his ideas?
Which of the following statemet is FALSE regarding chronic stress during pregnancy and its impact on the fetus?
Guidelines for the application of developmental research in helping professions include
Annette is a warm and affectionate mother to her sons, Jason and Keith. When she comes home from her job, she likes to spend time playing with them, preparing their favorite foods, and watching TV with them. She describes herself as a “soft touch” when it comes to her children. Lately she has been hearing complaints about 6-year-old Jason’s behavior in school. Annette thinks the teacher is being too hard on her son. She does not want anything to affect the good relationship she has with her children. Which style best describes Annette’s parenting?
In considering infant mental health, helping professionals who work with young children should take an active role in
One important lesson that people in helping professional can take from Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s work is that
Which of the following statements is true about the effects of teratogens on the developing fetus?
Video response. Review the video on, page 79 of your book; from the 3 statements select which ones are correct. Statement 1: The students demonstrate Piaget’s concreate operational thought, only being able to understand previous learning and what they observe to be true at this time. Statement 2: The students demonstrate three processes of understanding: adaption, assimilation and accommodation related to their knowledge of tadpole development and the new information provided by the teacher, about their growth. Statement 3: The students were not able to understand that tadpoles lost their tail and became shorter. This demonstrates that the at their age, they are incapable of using this new information.
Video response. Review the video on, page 11 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct. Statement 1. The children were unable to successfully set the table and the teacher had to help. This demonstrates that the children mistrust their ability to perform the task. Statement 2. These children are at the age where they are demonstrating initiative vs. guilt, taking on grown-up roles. Statement 3. The children are demonstrating the emergence of autonomy with muscular control and both cognitive and language skills that help them take initiative.
Video response. Review the video on , page 15 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct. Statement 1. The teach illustrates social learning theory by modeling the process she would use to study the lesson and presents it to the group. Statement 2. In order for modeling to be effective, there must be a reward attached to motivate a child to repeat the behavior. Statement 3. The video suggests that modeling experiences could have been improved if the teacher would have worked one to one with each student opposed to having them observe this exercise as a group.
Developmental researchers use the term “goodness of fit” to refer to
For most mental illnesses and behavioral disorders, like alcoholism and clinical depression, the genetic contribution can best be described as
In Bowlby’s attachment theory, which of the following represents a primary outcome of the formation of attachments in infancy?
Which of the following statements is most accurate with regard to Piaget’s theory?
Harmon, the mother of 18-month-old Bryce, is concerned that Bryce has not learned to speak very well. He has a limited vocabulary and seems content to point to the things he wants. Mrs. Harmon has read several child development books which indicate that Bryce should be in the stage of language learning. Mrs. Harmon fears that Bryce is not keeping up developmentally. Based on your understanding of the timing of developmental stages, what would be your best advice?
When considering the age of entry and the amount of time spent in day care, researchers have identified a dose-response relationship which is associated with what outcome?
Recessive, defective gene alleles can cause hereditary disorders. It is estimated that most people carry ____________ recessive, defective alleles in their genotypes.
Jacinta, the mother of a 10-month-old baby boy, is concerned about her son’s increasing fussiness when she leaves him with his babysitter each morning. Which explanation of his behavior is most likely to be accurate?
In considering the major structures of the brain, which of these statements is FALSE.
Which of the following statements is NOT indicative of intergenerational transmission:
Which of the following statements does notreflect contemporary critiques of Piagetian theory that have experimental support?
High levels of the hormone oxytocin plays an important role in early social bonding by
Assimilation can be described as ____________ and accommodation can be described as ____________.
Bea is the mother of 4-month-old Alex. She has been depressed since Alex’s birth and is frequently withdrawn. Because of Bea’s depression, we can expect that, in comparison to other 4-month-olds, Alex experiences will display
Which statement is NOT a contribution from Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory: