HSCO 502 Quiz 1 Foundations

HSCO 502 Quiz 1 Foundations, Infancy to Early Childhood

Module 1: Week 1 — Module 2: Week 2

  1. The still-face paradigm has been used primarily to study
  2. According to Vygotsky, language is one product of shared understanding among members of a social group and may be considered a ____________ that facilitates learning and thinking.
  3. Which of the following statements is true about the effects of teratogens on the developing fetus?
  4. In Bronfenbrenner’s model, proximal processes refer to
  5. Video response. Review video example 4.2 from the textbook. From the 3 statements, select which one(s) are correct. Statement 1: Children typically protest when separated from their primary caregivers Statement 2: Cultural factors can influence children’s response to strangers, and the existence of separation anxiety. Statement 3: Only children who live in orphanages have a lower anxiety response.
  6. Using Erikson’s developmental theory as a framework, which of the following statements is an accurate representation of his ideas?
  7. Theories of development differ from opinion primarily because:
  8. Which of the following statements is most accurate with regard to Piaget’s theory?
  9. Which of the following statemet is FALSE regarding chronic stress during pregnancy and its impact on the fetus?
  10. Which of the following is an accurate description of the long-term effects of chronic stress on the body?
  11. Developmentalists study what infants and children understand about other people’s intentions, desires, beliefs, feelings, and so on. This field of study is referred to as
  12. Which statement about cross-cultural influence on infant attachment is TRUE:
  13. Which of the following statements does not reflect contemporary critiques of Piagetian theory that have experimental support?
  14. Video response. Review video 1.3 from the textbook. From the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1. The teach illustrates social learning theory by modeling the process she would use to study the lesson and presents it to the group. Statement 2. In order for modeling to be effective, there must be a reward attached to motivate a child to repeat the behavior. Statement 3. The video suggests that modeling experiences could have been improved if the teacher would have worked one to one with each student opposed to having them observe this exercise as a group.
  15. In considering infant mental health, helping professionals who work with young children should take an active role in
  16. Basic emotions such as _____________ can be observed in young infants, but self-conscious emotions such as ____________ only emerge in childhood.
  17. High levels of the hormone oxytocin plays an important role in early social bonding by
  18. The measure of social status that combines aspects of education background, income, and occupation is called
  19. Guidelines for the application of developmental research in helping professions include
  20. Which statement regarding the understanding of objects, in infancy is FALSE?
  21. Sally, age 28, recently married John, age 45. They would like to have a child, but they are concerned that they may be at high risk to have a child with a chromosomal abnormality, like Down’s syndrome, because of John’s age. What is their genetic counselor likely to tell them?
  22. Jacinta, the mother of a 10-month-old baby boy, is concerned about her son’s increasing fussiness when she leaves him with his babysitter each morning. Which explanation of his behavior is most likely to be accurate?
  23. In lifespan developmental theories, significant developmental changes are thought to be largely complete by
  24. Dawson recently gave birth to twins, a girl and a boy. Which of the following statements about them must be true?
  25. When considering the age of entry and the amount of time spent in day care, researchers have identified a dose-response relationship which is associated with what outcome?
  26. In Bowlby’s attachment theory, which of the following represents a primary outcome of the formation of attachments in infancy?
  27. Infants form multiple attachments, to both mother and father and perhaps to a sibling, grandparent, and so on. Which of the following statements is most consistent with available data on the impact of these attachments?
  28. Counselors must recognize the principle of ___________: Individual pathways of development may result in a wide range of possible outcomes.
  29. At 10 months old, Suzie is very active, responds intensely to stimulation, avoids new stimulation, and tends to be irritable and fussy. Her temperament would be called
  30. Assimilation can be described as ____________ and accommodation can be described as
  31. Which statement is NOT a contribution from Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory:
  32. Annette is a warm and affectionate mother to her sons, Jason and Keith. When she comes home from her job, she likes to spend time playing with them, preparing their favorite foods, and watching TV with them. She describes herself as a “soft touch” when it comes to her children. Lately she has been hearing complaints about 6-year-old Jason’s behavior in school. Annette thinks the teacher is being too hard on her son. She does not want anything to affect the good relationship she has with her children. Which style best describes Annette’s parenting?
  33. One important lesson that people in helping professional can take from Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s work is that
  34. Which of the following is a true statement about the stability of infant attachments?
  35. For most mental illnesses and behavioral disorders, like alcoholism and clinical depression, the genetic contribution can best be described as
  36. Myelinization is the process which involves
  37. Harmon, the mother of 18-month-old Bryce, is concerned that Bryce has not learned to speak very well. He has a limited vocabulary and seems content to point to the things he wants. Mrs. Harmon has read several child development books which indicate that Bryce should be in the stage of language learning. Mrs. Harmon fears that Bryce is not keeping up developmentally. Based on your understanding of the timing of developmental stages, what would be your best advice?
  38. Developmental researchers use the term “goodness of fit” to refer to
  39. Stage theories of development typically describe ____________ changes in behavior, cognition, or social relationships.
  40. Which of the following best represents early prenatal brain development?
  41. Contemporary developmentalists focus on which question concerning nature and nurture?
  42. True or false: The students demonstrate three processes of understanding: adaption, assimilation and accommodation related to their knowledge of tadpole development and the new information provided by the teacher about their growth.
  43. Which statement is TRUE regarding the characteristic of attachment style:
  44. In considering the major structures of the brain, which of these statements is FALSE.
  45. Recessive, defective gene alleles can cause hereditary disorders. It is estimated that most people carry ____________ recessive, defective alleles in their genotypes.
  46. Which of the following statements is NOT indicative of intergenerational transmission:
  47. In one study, young rats exposed to stress vocalized their anxiety. Their mothers, alerted to this distress, responded with diligent caregiving behavior that altered the development of the hippocampus. Which of the following processes or principles does this example demonstrate?
  48. When considering the level of trait in easy and difficult temperaments, as summarized in table 4.3, which statement is FALSE:
  49. Video response. Review video 1.2 from the textbook. From the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct. Statement 1. The children were unable to successfully set the table and the teacher had to help. This demonstrates that the children mistrust their ability to perform the task. Statement 2. These children are at the age where they are demonstrating initiative vs. guilt, taking on grown-up roles. Statement 3. The children are demonstrating the emergence of autonomy with muscular control and both cognitive and language skills that help them take initiative.
  50. Bea is the mother of 4-month-old Alex. She has been depressed since Alex’s birth and is frequently withdrawn. Because of Bea’s depression, we can expect that, in comparison to other 4-month-olds, Alex experiences will display
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