HSCO 502 Test 2

HSCO 502 Test 2 Liberty University

  1. Which of the following describes a type of influence that parents can have on whether or not their adolescent becomes a member of a particular crowd?
  2. Memory is to some degree reconstructed. This accounts for the phenomenon of
  3. Video response. Review the video on, page 386 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1: The video suggests that the media does apply peer pressure to adolescents to dress and act according popular trends.
    Statement 2:  The video suggests that text messaging is the most popular form of communication and even increases responses to parents.
    Statement 3: The video suggests that there are both positive and negative influences of social media on adolescents.
  4. Self-esteem has been mistakenly touted as the “holy grail” of mental health, and this has meant that
  5. What is the “two-pronged approach” to helping adolescents with their behavioral, social, or academic problems?
  6. A coping style which has been linked to higher levels of depression among adolescent girls and women is
  7. Friendship, according to Selman, requires balancing
  8. Video response. Review the video on, page 261 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1: The two younger children demonstrated preconventional morality, and the two older children demonstrated conventional morality.
    Statement 2:  The two younger children were mostly concerned with the consequences of the behavior whereas the two older children were able to consider intentions.
    Statement 3: All four children demonstrated preconventional morality.
  9. Stanley is 7 years old. His parents are quite concerned about his school progress. Although he has begun to learn to read, he reverses some letters when he writes. Based on research, Stanley’s school counselor should tell his parents that
  10. Piaget’s description of the differences between preoperational thought (characteristic of preschool aged children) and concrete operational thought (characteristic of elementary school aged children), includes which of the following?
  11. Brain developments in the adolescent period include which of the following?
  12. When considering identity status, which statement is TRUE?
  13. What does Savin-Williams (2005) argue about the nature of sexual orientation?
  14. Which of the following does not
    contribute to improvements in children’s ability to remember with increasing age?
  15. A person who perceives neutral events as containing aggressive or threatening meaning is said to possess a
  16. Which of the following parenting styles is most closely associated with positive outcomes in psychosocial development and school achievement for adolescents?
  17. Biological females with two X chromosomes are sometimes born with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which causes their external genitalia to appear more like those of a male. They may be misidentified at birth and raised as males. If the correct identification is not made before age 3, physicians often advise parents to continue raising the child as a boy, because the child’s gender identity may be difficult to change after age 3. The experiences of CAH girls and other gender atypical children have helped demonstrate that
  18. In adolescence and early adulthood, males and females begin to spend more time in mixed-gender groups. Studies of who has more influence on the outcome of problem solving in mixed-gender groups indicate that
  19. Which of the following is a critical element that underlies the development of self-control?
  20. Which of the following is a temperamental characteristic that is associated with prosocial behavior?
  21. According to research, in middle childhood,  academic competence, athletic competence physica appearence , peer acceptance and behavioral conduct are important to the development of self-esteem. Which one of these domains have been proven to be more important that the others?
  22. The unique state of instability and anxiety in adolescence, brought on by body changes, emerging sexual needs, hormonal shifts, cognitive changes, and changing maturity demands, is referred to as
  23. Some research shows that cultural values and goals shape the kinds of discipline that parents use with their children. One example is that Puerto Rican mothers wanted their children to recognize their obligations and connectedness to others; their goals for their children were more ____________ than the goals of European American mothers
  24. When Sammy had to learn the names of all the planets, as well as their relative sizes, he made up sentences to help him create meaningful links between the concepts. For example, “Eartha ate the Mars candy bar” helped him remember that Earth is larger than Mars. Sammy was using a memory strategy called
  25. Video response. Review the video on, page 376 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1: The girl was exhibiting a normal element of adolescent development by desiring that her parents allow her to make more decisions on her own, and to trust her ability to make good decisions.
    Statement 2:  The parents described in the video were permissive and allowed the girl lenience in her activities and freedom to make her own decisions.
    Statement 3: The girl in the video described her parents as good role models but admitted that she often disagreed with them.
  26. Video response. Review the video on, page 307 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1: When considering selective association, gender is a key consideration across cultures, during middle childhood.
    Statement 2: During middle childhood, girls are more interested in high activity play and boys are more interested in cooperative play; this changes during adolescence.
    Statement 3: To help child develop appropriate peer relationships, girls and boys should be forced to mix and be introduced to activities that are suitable to both genders.
  27. Research indicates that sex role development usually proceeds normally in single parent families as well as in the more traditional dual parent families. These findings are not consistent with predictions from what type of theory about how sex differences develop?
  28. Which of the following is true with regard to the way coping styles relate to depression?
  29. Sabrina and Bethany are both members of the same crowd in high school, which means that
  30. Males are less likely to survive than females, both before and after birth. One important reason is that
  31. Pubertal processes begin when certain changes occur in the endocrine system. Which of the following explains the beginning of this process?
  32. Which of the following statements is FALSE with respect to the moral self:
  33. The internalization of rules and standards of behavior is most closely associated with the development of
  34. When Marla, age 14, decides that she is a good writer because she gets better grades than her friend Jenna on stories she writes for English, she is demonstrating the use of ____________ as part of identity formation.
  35. Experimentation with deviant or risky behaviors (drug use, vandalism, sex, truancy, etc.) in adolescence is
  36. A cognitive change during middle childhood that is characterized by improved declarative, procedural, and conditional knowledge is know as
  37. The ability to restrain or redirect a strong impulse in order to perform a less-preferred response is called
  38. According to Crittendon’s model, infants encode early experiences of care-giving in the form of
  39. By middle childhood, boys’ choices of companions tend to be based on shared interests, whereas girls’ choices of companions tend to be based more on
  40. High levels of parental monitoring and control are associated with which of the following outcomes regardless of ethnicity or social class?
  41. One factor that promotes self-esteem among minority group members is
  42. Which of the following emotions develops only after a child has a mental representation of him or herself as a separate person?
  43. Which of the following is a difference between working memory and long-term memory?
  44. What kind of peer intervention is least likely to be helpful to troubled teens?
  45. The maturing of the corpus callosum by middle childhood is especially important for
  46. Which of the following best represents Mead’s contribution to our understanding of self-development?
  47. The term ____________ refers to the description of a person’s attributes, whereas the term ____________ refers to how a person feels about those attributes.
  48. Which of the following elements is most closely associated with the concept of the imaginary audience?
  49. Video response. Review the video on, page 215 of your book; from the 3 statements select which one(s) are correct.
    Statement 1: The boy is reciting an audio biological memory of the event based on episodic memory.
    Statement 2:  The boy is using schematic representation of the event to form a script.
    Statement 3: The boy is demonstrating declarative knowledge about facts and events.
  50. Schulman (2002) defines morality as composed of three interlocking systems, including
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