HLTH 252 Test 3

HLTH 252 Test 3 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. The ability of stimulants to improve mental performance:
  2. ________ is probably the most widely used treatment for cocaine and amphetamine use disorders.
  3. Amphetamine was developed initially as a substitute for a closely related chemical derived from the Chinese herb ma huang. That chemical is:
  4. One of the more disturbing side effects of treating ADHD with amphetamines or methylphenidate (Ritalin) is:
  5. The passage of the 1986 Anti-Drug Abuse Act:
  6. In 1935, the wake-promoting effect of amphetamine led to testing it for the treatment of ________, which is defined as a condition in which the individual spontaneously falls asleep as many as 50 times a day.
  7. ________ is defined as a method of preparing cocaine as a chemical substance so that it can be smoked.
  8. Cocaine use during pregnancy now appears to be associated with:
  9. What did the 1914 Harrison Act do?
  10. Recent research on the dependence produced by nicotine has focused on genetic differences related to:
  11. ________ is defined as a chronic lung disease caused by cigarette smoking and is characterized by difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath.
  12. In 2009, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act:
  13. One big factor associated with lower rates of cigarette smoking among adults is:
  14. Chewing was the most popular form of tobacco use until about 1900, but by 1920, the most popular form was:
  15. In 2006, the FDA approved a nicotine partial agonist drug as a smoking treatment. The drug is:
  16. The psychological effect of cigarette smoking is:
  17. Nicotine acts in the brain by:
  18. The most common type of oral smokeless tobacco in the United States is ________, and a small pinch is dipped out of the can and placed beside the gum, often behind the lower lip.
  19. ________ is prescribed to asthma sufferers because it relaxes bronchial passages.
  20. Most regular brewed teas have about how much caffeine per cup?
  21. Caffeine has been shown to be an effective treatment for:
  22. Which of the following statements is true of the physiological effects of caffeine?
  23. The main active ingredient in Red Bull and other energy drinks is:
  24. Theobroma, the genus name for the cacao tree, is Latin for:
  25. The most consistent withdrawal symptom after chronic caffeine use is:
  26. According to current FDA rules on “cola” drinks, ________.
  27. ________ usually refers to a sudden increase in the number of users of a particular psychoactive substance.
  28. The Opium War of 1839-1842 resulted, among other things, in:
  29. In 1898, Bayer laboratories marketed diacetylmorphine tablets under the brand name:
  30. The textbook says that opioid withdrawal symptoms are similar to:
  31. Which of the following is a morphine like neurotransmitter found in the brain and adrenals?
  32. Which of the following is true of the opioid fentanyl?
  33. Vicodin and OxyContin are examples of:
  34. Long-term exposure to opioid drugs:
  35. The catechol psychedelics include mescaline plus a variety of synthetic derivatives of:
  36. The combination of two plants, one containing DMT and the other containing harmaline (an MAO inhibitor), was originally used by indigenous cultures in South America and is called ________.
  37. The red and white speckled mushroom that has been associated with an early Christian cult as well as with other religions all over the world is:
  38. Psilocybe mexicana and Psilocybe cubensis are examples of:
  39. The early LSD researcher who was fired from his academic job, became a proponent of psychedelic drug use, and started a religion in which LSD was the sacrament is:
  40. A close relative of LSD, d-lysergic acid amide, is found naturally in:
  41. During the 1950s, one U.S. government agency that conducted research with LSD was the:
  42. Besides hallucinations, mescaline also produces:
  43. Hashish refers to:
  44. The highest concentration of the psychoactive agent is found in tiny hairs called ________, which are most abundant on the flowers of the female cannabis plant.
  45. Which of the following statements is true of the metabolism of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the human body?
  46. In 1985, the FDA approved the sale of dronabinol (Marinol), which:
  47. The most commonly used commercial method to extract delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from the cannabis plant material is by:
  48. Tolerance to the effects of smoked marijuana:
  49. A consistent cognitive effect of marijuana, seen both in frequent users and in less experienced users, is:
  50. The 70 chemicals that are known to be unique to the cannabis plant are called:

Set 2

  1. The xanthines are
  2. Which of the following best describes Ecstasy?
  3. of cocaine allows the most intense but short-lived high, causing severe side effects and dependence
  4. Select the incorrect statement concerning Ecstasy.
  5. The term speedrefers to which of the following?
  6. Select the incorrect statement concerning methylphenidate.
  7. Select the incorrect statement concerning amphetamines.
  8. Select the incorrect statement concerning coffee.
  9. Which of the following drugs was found in herbal products, but has been banned by the FDA due to potentially severe side effects?
  10. In Europe, coffee was initially used for its __________.
  11. Cocaine production __________ in Colombia during 2000–2008.
  12. Which of the following best describes “freebased” cocaine?
  13. The __________ regarded tobacco smoke as divine incense that would bring rain in the dry season.
  14. Snuff dipping is the act of __________.
  15. A fatal dose of nicotine for adults is approximately __________ milligrams.
  16. Is a lung disease common among smokers.
  17. The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act __________.
  18. is another term for secondhand smoke.
  19. is finely ground tobacco that can be moist or dry.
  20. The first European to inhale tobacco smoke was probably
  21. John Rolfe
  22. Which of the following is not a symptom of nicotine poisoning?
  23. Select the incorrect statement.
  24. Tobacco use is responsible for approximately __________ deaths annually.
  25. Select the incorrect statement.
  26. The League of Spiritual Discovery used __________ as the sacrament.
  27. Which of the following spices can be a hallucinogen?
  28. Of the following, which cannot cause hallucinations?
  29. In 2012, approximately what percentage of high school seniors sampled had used LSD sometime during their life?
  30. LSD can be purchased in which of the following forms?
  31. Drugs with similar structures are called __________.
  32. Select the incorrect statement concerning anticholinergic hallucinogens.
  33. Which of the following hallucinogens is not considered to be an LSD-type?
  34. Which of the following drugs is most like PCP?
  35. Which of the following is not considered to be a type of LSD-related flashback?
  36. Select the incorrect statement concerning PCP.
  37. Select the incorrect statement.
  38. The medical use of marijuana has proven useful in treating all of the following except _______________.
  39. refers to the process of leaving drug using groups and behaviors behind as one grows older and takes on more socially acceptable responsibilities.
  40. In addition to peer influences on drug use, what other factor(s) must be taken into account to assess what could be responsible for drug use?
  41. Community and neighborhood fall under what category of influential factors?
  42. High doses of THC or greater exposure to marijuana can cause __________.
  43. The medical use of marijuana depends on the chemical __________ for relief from the symptoms of illness.
  44. When asked about peer drug use, college students’ perceptions are often the most __________.
  45. One of the major costs of marijuana usage is damage to __________.
  46. Cannabis has which of the following medical properties?
  47. During World War II, marijuana in America was __________.
  48. The first known record of marijuana use, in the Chinese Book of Drugs, refers to the __________ use of marijuana.
  49. contains the purest form of resin that can have THC levels as high as 28%.
  50. During the late 1930s, marijuana was misperceived by the scientific and medical communities as inducing __________.

Set 3

  1. Which of the following describes “ice”?
  2. Select the incorrect statement.
  3. Pseudoephedrine is a __________.
  4. Which of the following was the first clinical use for amphetamines?
  5. Approximately how much amphetamine‐type stimulants (ATS) are manufactured globally each year (in metric tons)?
  6. The amphetamine, Ritalin, is used to treat __________.
  7. Which of the following best describes “freebased” cocaine?
  8. Select the incorrect statement.
  9. The mechanism of cocaine’s pharmacological action on the brain most closely resembles that of which of the following groups of drugs?
  10. In Latin America, coca is traditionally seen as __________.
  11. The __________ of 1914 outlawed the uncontrolled use of cocaine and coca.
  12. Which of the following drugs is not classified as a xanthine?
  13. The __________ regarded tobacco smoke as divine incense that would bring rain in the dry season.
  14. John Rolfe ______________________________.
  15. The first European to inhale tobacco smoke was probably __________.
  16. Which of the following is not a symptom of nicotine poisoning?
  17. The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act __________.
  18. People who stop smoking at approximately age 30 reduce their risk of dying from smoking‐related illness by greater than __________.
  19. Secondhand smoke __________.
  20. Select the incorrect statement.
  21. A fatal dose of nicotine for adults is approximately __________ milligrams.
  22. Select the incorrect statement.
  23. Snuff dipping is the act of __________.
  24. An aneurysm is __________.
  25. __________ is a lung disease common among smokers.
  26. Select the incorrect statement.
  27. Which of the following is least likely to be caused by LSD?
  28. Users of LSD can experience which of these stages?
  29. Of the following, which cannot cause hallucinations? 2 out of 2 points
  30. Which of the following is not considered to be a type of LSD‐related flashback?
  31. Hallucinogens most likely exert their effects by altering which of the following transmitter systems?
  32. Select the incorrect statement concerning the flashback caused by hallucinogens.
  33. Select the incorrect statement concerning PCP.
  34. Select the incorrect statement.
  35. Which of the following drugs is most like PCP?
  36. Which of the following statements concerning PCP toxicity is incorrect?
  37. Which of the following spices can be a hallucinogen?
  38. __________ is the botanical or scientific term for the hemp plant that is most readily found in North America.
  39. In referring to cannabis, the term dioecious means that __________.
  40. The medical use of marijuana has proven useful in treating all of the following except _______________.
  41. Smoking a marijuana cigarette can __________.
  42. Which drug would most likely be classified as a major gateway drug?
  43. When asked about peer drug use, college students’ perceptions are often the most
  44. High doses of THC or greater exposure to marijuana can cause __________.
  45. According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, the age cohort reporting the highest lifetime use of marijuana was __________ years of age.
  46. One of the major costs of marijuana usage is damage to __________.
  47. During the late 1930s, marijuana was misperceived by the scientific and medical communities as inducing __________.
  48. Research indicates that if one’s peer group does not use drugs, it is likely that other individuals in the peer group will __________.
  49. A type of marijuana that literally means “without seeds” is known as __________.
  50. __________ refers to the process of leaving drug using groups and behaviors behind as one grows older and takes on more socially acceptable responsibilities.
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