The textbook suggests that consumers are best able to choose from among the wide variety of OTC products by:
If you buy a bottle of St. John’s wort 300 mg tablets, each tablet will contain 300 mg:
Many of the capsules, pills, and powders that look like drugs and that consumers think of as drugs are actually classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as:
Which of the following acts established a classification of drugs that would be available only by prescription?
The generic name for Tylenol and Datril is:
NSAID stands for:
Because of the way the FDA reviews and approves OTC drugs, ________.
Which of the following ingredients is used for cold and sinus remedies?
Cold viruses are usually transmitted:
Suppose you have a cold and you choose to take Tylenol Cold to treat your symptoms (runny nose, congested nasal passages, and fever). Which of these ingredients in this OTC product is unnecessary?
Which of the following statements is true of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994?
Aspirin should not be used with children who have a viral infection because of increased risk of:
The only active ingredient the FDA allows in OTC stimulants is:
The most common antihistamine to be found in cold remedies is ________.
________, which is released from the pituitary gland, can potentially increase the height and weight of an individual to gigantic proportions, especially if administered during childhood and adolescence.
Which of these was not one of the three reasons given for why we focus so much attention on drug use by athletes?
Clenbuterol was first detected in Olympic athletes in 1992. Originally developed as a bronchodilator for treating asthma, this drug is:
As part of the Omnibus Crime Control Act of 1990, anabolic steroids were:
One ingredient in dietary supplements was banned by the FDA in 2004 after a Major League Baseball pitcher died from heat stroke after using it. The ingredient was:
Which of the following stimulant drugs have been used as performance enhancers in athletic competitions?
An American physician came back from the 1956 Olympic games after learning about the Soviets’ use of a steroid drug and helped to develop and test more selective ________ steroids.
Women who use steroids to increase their strength might produce some irreversible effects, including:
Although testosterone and related anabolic steroids clearly increase muscle mass during puberty, it has been more difficult to determine scientifically whether adult men with normal testosterone can get much stronger from extra steroids, partly because:
During and after World War II, it was found that malnourished people could gain weight more rapidly if they were treated with:
After the National Football League (NFL) banned the distribution of amphetamines in 1971, ________.
The International Olympics Committee first established rules disqualifying competitors who failed or who refused to take drug tests in:
An ideal body fat range for a healthy male is:
Which of these was not mentioned as one of the psychological side effects of high doses of steroids?
According to the textbook, a 2005 law concerning methamphetamine further restricted:
In the early 1970s, the Knowledge-Attitudes-Behavior model began to be questioned when it was learned that:
Which of these is not one of the successful components included in the social influence model?
Tertiary prevention programs are aimed at:
In the context of affective education, ________ is defined as an approach that involves teaching students to recognize and express their own feelings and beliefs.
In the context of school-based drug-use prevention programs, which of the following statements is true of Project ALERT?
One of SAMHSA’s model community prevention programs:
DARE is one of the most widespread drug prevention programs in schools. Research on DARE has shown that:
According to the classification of prevention programs by the Institute of Medicine, ________ are designed for delivery to an entire population—for example, all schoolchildren or an entire community.
According to the classification of prevention programs by the Institute of Medicine, ________ are targeted at individuals who show signs of developing problems, such as a child who began smoking cigarettes at a young age or an adult arrested for a first offense of driving under the influence of alcohol.
According to the text, the ultimate goal of workplace drug prevention programs is to:
According to the classification of prevention programs by the Institute of Medicine, ________ are designed for groups within the general population that are deemed to be at high risk—for example, students who are not doing well academically or the poorest neighborhoods in a community.
One study of the Life Skills Training program found significantly lower use of:
Having students discuss their reactions to various moral and ethical dilemmas as a means to help them clarify their own values was one example of the general prevention approach known as:
Each year, more than 80 percent of arrests in the United States for drug offenses involve ________.
Current federal policies regulating alcohol and tobacco are examples of ________.
________ are the single most common cause of arrests in the United States.
Richard’s friend, Tony, explains to him that the sale, acquisition, use, and possession of marijuana is lawful for adults. In this scenario, Tony is talking about ________.
Which of the following statements is true about drug decriminalization?
________ is the most prevalent current form of drug policy in the United States.
Rose, a teacher, explains to her students that the sale, acquisition, use, and possession of cannabis is banned in their state. In this scenario, Rose is talking about ________.
Which of the following is not a criterion for a drug to be restricted by prescription?
Approximately how much caffeine (in terms of quantity in a cup of coffee) is included in a tablet of OTC combination analgesics such as Anacin and Excedrin?
Which of the following drugs are most likely to be used to treat hypertension?
Which of the following drugs are classified as nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
Severe depression afflicts what percent of the population at any one time?
Common OTC allergy and cold products contain which of the following ingredients?
Which of the following medical problems are caused by exposure to UV rays?
Which of the following prescription drugs is most likely to be abused?
What does the “SPF” number on OTC sunscreen products indicate?
Bronchodilators are used for which of the following therapeutic purposes?
Select the incorrect statement concerning herbal products.
Select the incorrect statement.
Gang membership is usually defined in terms of __________.
In a survey of 48,650 college students, the reason(s) given for using drugs and alcohol was to __________.
The two most popular (sought after) illicit‐type recreational drugs in college are __________.
Compared with adults who abuse drugs, adolescents are more likely to __________.
The use of different steroids in single doses but in sequence is referred to as __________.
Nearly 80% of “bingers” (binge drinkers) often live in/at __________.
Viewing a group and its members as an observer or looking at a group from a distance is the definition for the term __________.
Self‐administered doses of steroids are usually __________ to __________ times stronger than any prescription doses.
One research study found that the most effective drug treatment for women included a mutually supportive therapeutic environment that addressed __________.
Children often join gangs because of __________.
__________ are male hormones produced in the testes that are responsible for secondary sexual characteristics.
It is believed that __________ of women today use licit and illicit drugs.
An alcoholic adolescent usually has at least one parent that is __________.
Almost __________ of college students admit to having missed at least one class because of their alcohol or drug use.
Factors such as strong child‐to‐parent bonds, open communication, no inconsistent disciplining, consistent high levels of parental warmth, affection, and emotional support, and high levels of supervision are referred to as what type of factors?
This model of prevention is one of the earliest and is based on the belief that if people are given extensive information about harmful effects, their attitudes will change as well as their actions.
Programs that are very broad and take into account the community’s youth, parents, media, schools, law enforcement, religious groups, and volunteers are often referred to as __________.
__________ is a type of “drug prevention package” that covers a variety of personal choice and primary prevention areas.
When approaching drug prevention, taking a(n) __________ approach emphasizes the exploration of positive alternatives to drug abuse, based on replacing the pleasurable feelings gained from drug abuse with involvement in social and educational activities.
A.R.E. was first developed in __________.
Prevention at the family level needs to stress all of the following except __________.
__________ prevention is equivalent to drug abuse treatment.
__________ refers to a state of consciousness in which there is a constant level of awareness focusing on one object; like in yoga and Zen Buddhism.
__________ prevention refers to the very broad range of activities aimed at reducing the risk of drug use among non‐users and assuring continued non‐use.
In most cases, it is appropriate for drug prevention to focus on knowledge, attitudes, and __________.
__________are inpatient treatment facilities that focus on the “resocialization” of the individual and use the program’s entire community as important treatment components.
The Minnesota model was developed during the __________.
The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) focuses on which of the following?
Which of the following was approved by the FDA for treatment of opiate dependence?
Select the incorrect statement.
__________ is a condition in which two or more illnesses occur in the same person.
When was Alcoholics Anonymous founded?
Suboxone contains __________.
Which of the following approaches involves initiating behavioral change by helping clients resolve ambivalence about engaging in treatment?
Which of the following is not an opiate antagonist?
Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold amount of time needed for significant improvement resulting from a treatment program is greater than __________.
Medical detoxification __________.
__________ are not open to viewers and are for alcoholics having a serious desire to completely stop drinking.
Because of the way the FDA reviews and approves OTC drugs,
The 2006 revised PATRIOT Act required that products containing __________ be kept “behind the counter,” and buyers must show identification and sign for their purchase.
NSAID stands for
Starting in 2007, the only FDA-approved OTC weight-control ingredient is
The generic name for Tylenol and Datril is
Aspirin should not be used with children who have a viral infection because of increased risk of
SAMe (S-adenosyl-L-methionine) is a dietary supplement that has some research support for its possible use in treating
If you buy a bottle of St. John’s wort 300 mg tablets, each tablet will contain 300 mg
The U.S. market for over-the-counter drug products totals about
The only active ingredient the FDA allows in OTC stimulants is
OTC drugs approved as sleep aids, like Nytol and Sominex,
What dietary supplement ingredient has been tested for its ability to improve memory in Alzheimer’s disease, but has produced only small and unreliable improvements in published research?
Some bodybuilders are trying to appear not only big and strong, but also lean. This is sometimes referred to as looking
After the National Football League banned the distribution of amphetamines in 1971,
Clenbuterol was first detected in Olympic athletes in 1992. Originally developed as a bronchodilator for treating asthma, this drug is
An American physician came back from the 1956 Olympic games after learning about the Soviets’ use of a steroid drug and helped to develop and test more selective ____________ steroids.
Stimulant drugs like caffeine, amphetamines, and cocaine are sometimes considered to increase energy output and are, therefore, called __________ drugs.
Extensive testing of the effects of amphetamines has concluded that they
One widely-used legal dietary supplement that has been shown to increase strength is
Which of the following stimulant drugs have been used as performance enhancers in athletic competitions?
During and after World War II, it was found that malnourished people could gain weight more rapidly if they were treated with
The origin of the word “dope” is derived from the Dutch word used in South Africa to refer to
So-called “pituitary giants” often die at an early age because their internal organs continue to grow due to excessive production of
In the 1800s, the French cycling team endorsed Mariani’s “wine for athletes” that contained
Tertiary prevention programs are aimed at
The textbook pointed out that drug prevention and drug ________ might have different goals and use different approaches.
Which of these is NOT one of the Institute of Medicine’s classifications for prevention programs?
According to the text, the ultimate goal of workplace drug prevention programs is to
Having students discuss their reactions to various moral and ethical dilemmas as a means to help them clarify their own values was one example of the general prevention approach known as
Which of these was NOT discussed as an effective family-based drug prevention approach?
The social influence model grew out of a 1976 paper describing a successful prevention approach aimed at
In discussing what we should be doing in drug prevention, the text says, “above all”
The most consistent feature of workplace drug prevention programs has been
Studies of court-ordered referrals to Alcoholics Anonymous versus other types of interventions have
Rapid opioid detoxification is based on
Prevention of withdrawal symptoms using medications would be considered part of the ____________ process.
Motivational enhancement therapy has as its goal
Although no medication has yet received FDA approval for treating cannabis use disorder, one has shown effectiveness in relieving cannabis withdrawal symptoms. That medication is
Varenicline, approved in 2006 for smoking cessation
Although many medications have been tested for treating cocaine use disorder, most have shown little promise and none has yet been approved. The most promising results have been found with
Which of these has NOT received FDA approval for use during the maintenance phase of alcohol treatment?
The “therapeutic workplace” is an example of what approach to drug treatment?
The substance that accounted for the most admissions in the Treatment Episode Data Set from 2011 was
Giving the user rewards for drug-free urine samples