HLTH 252 Test 2

HLTH 252 Test 2 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Animal self-administration experiments and studies of drug choice among humans indicate that:
  2. The major advantage of the benzodiazepines over the barbiturates seems to be the:
  3. One of the oldest gaseous anesthetics, popularly known as “laughing gas,” is:
  4. Which of the following criteria is used to classify barbiturates?
  5. When benzodiazepines bind to their receptor site, they:
  6. Among the barbiturates, when prescribing a sleeping pill (hypnotic), physicians would usually choose a:
  7. Inhalant use has traditionally been more common among:
  8. The usual recreational dose of GHB when taken alone is about:
  9. Two drugs that were introduced as being safer than the barbiturates, but in the long run proved to be not much safer, were:
  10. Identify the route of administration of sublingual medications.
  11. The four most widely sold benzodiazepines are all longer-acting drugs sold primarily as:
  12. The “date-rape” drug Rohypnol (flunitrazepam):
  13. ________ is the term used to include several symptoms: trouble falling asleep, trouble staying asleep, or waking up too early.
  14. Which of the following substances contains nitrous oxide?
  15. Which of the following drugs could theoretically be used to treat barbiturate withdrawal?
  16. ________ are defined as drugs, such as Valium, that are used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and to reduce anxiety.
  17. Phenothiazines and neuroleptics were terms used to describe the early forms of:
  18. The FDA now requires a printed warning on several selective reuptake inhibitors because they increase the risk of:
  19. What is the mechanism of action for typical antipsychotics?
  20. Current theories of the antidepressant action of drugs focus less on the initial biochemical effects of the drugs and more on the:
  21. Tricyclic antidepressants work by:
  22. ________ is defined as an anxiety disorder that is marked by fear or anxiety about two or more of these situations: using public transportation, being in open spaces, being in shops or theaters, standing in line, or being outside of the home alone.
  23. The most recent (2013) version of the American Psychiatric Association’s classification system for mental disorders is called the:
  24. One side effect common with the older antipsychotics, but less common with the newer ones, is:
  25. A major disturbance of intellectual and social functioning in which there is a loss of contact with reality is called:
  26. The perspective that symptoms of a mental disorder lead to a diagnosis that illuminates both the underlying cause and a cure for the disorder is referred to in the text as the:
  27. What is the average lag period for antidepressants to begin to be effective?
  28. A recent study of the long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs found that:
  29. Which of the following statements is true of lithium as a mood stabilizer?
  30. The year in which chlorpromazine was introduced in the United States, 1955, was the last year in which:
  31. The antipsychotic drugs that have been marketed in the past ten years, such as Zyprexa (olanzepine), are referred to as:
  32. Which of the following terms primarily refers to rhythmic, repetitive sucking and smacking movements of the lips; thrusting of the tongue in and out (“fly-catching”); and movements of the arms, toes, or fingers and is the most serious complication of antipsychotic drug treatment?
  33. The acceptance of the mood stabilizer ________ was slowed by a series of overdose poisonings and by the fact that the drug is one of the basic elements and could not be patented.
  34. In regular alcohol consumers, lipids get accumulated in the liver and are stored as small droplets in liver cells and this condition is known as ________.
  35. A meta-analysis of 23 published reports relating homicide to alcohol use revealed that:
  36. Which of the following is the major factor determining the rate of alcohol metabolism in the human body?
  37. In the United States, national prohibition of alcohol sales was in effect from:
  38. Breath samples to determine BAC:
  39. Americans drink most of their alcohol in the form of:
  40. The total number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities per year in the United States:
  41. In a typical person, intoxication to the point of staggering and greatly impaired sensory perception occurs at about what BAC?
  42. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that about 2,200 people die each year simply from drinking too much alcohol. It is particularly dangerous to:
  43. Although the exact mechanisms for alcohol’s action in the brain are not completely understood, it is now believed that the most important of its many effects is:
  44. Tremors, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures are all symptoms associated with:
  45. ________ refers to the idea that people should drink beer or wine in moderation but drink no hard liquor.
  46. Heart attacks are:
  47. Which of these substances speeds up the absorption of alcohol?
  48. Many large commercial distilleries produce grain neutral spirits, which are:
  49. Which of the following are signs of alcohol poisoning?
  50. Age 21 became the legal drinking age in all U.S. states in what year?

Set 2

  1. A CNS depressant often used to relieve anxiety is a(n)
  2. Select the incorrect statement concerning GHB
  3. Select the incorrect statement concerning barbiturates
  4. Which CNS depressant is blamed for the death of Michael Jackson?
  5. Which of the following statements concerning benzodiazepines is incorrect?
  6. The approach to detoxifying a person dependent on drugs depends on
  7. Frequent use of benzodiazepines can lead to
  8. Short-acting barbiturates, such as secobarbital, are usually classified in which of the following Schedules?
  9. Which of the following terms refers to drugs used to relieve anxiety?
  10. Depressants are often classified according to
  11. Cirrhosis of the liver
  12. Which is the manner whereby the body loses fluids through alcohol’s diuretic action?
  13. Regarding sexual performance and prolonged drug use, findings suggest that alcohol
  14. Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by all of the following except
  15. The “hair of the dog” method for treating a hangover consists of
  16. One hundred proof alcohol has a __________ alcohol content.
  17. Drinks stronger than __________ proof may actually inhibit alcohol absorption.
  18. is the process of making alcohol
  19. A glass of champagne has a faster onset of action than a glass of wine that contains the same amount of alcohol because
  20. As a rule, it takes __________ the number of hours as the number of drinks consumed to sober up completely.
  21. It is believed that __________ was the first method for making alcohol, which dates back to 4200 BC.
  22. Gamma alcoholism contains the characteristics of
  23. The family therapy system developed by Jacques Moreno in which significant interpersonal issues are enacted in a focused setting using dramatic techniques is known as
  24. Of the 64% who report drinking alcohol in the United States, men prefer to drink __________, while women prefer
  25. All of the following factors except __________ are responsible for pseudointoxication.
  26. The establishments where alcohol could be purchased and consumed during Prohibition were known as
  27. The reason(s) for the increase in women’s reported alcohol problems is/are that women
  28. Which of the following is not a major component of alcoholism?
  29. Regarding alcohol use, a more important factor that is most likely to exert the most influence on a person’s view is
  30. Excessive alcohol abuse is found among women who are
  31. Codeine is most likely to be used to relieve
  32. Talwin is the trade name for
  33. The synthesis of designer versions of what drug results in the byproduct MPTP?
  34. Which of the following is the principal therapeutic use of dextromethorphan?
  35. In 1914, the regulation of opium began with the
  36. Which of the following is the generic name for Demerol?
  37. Which of the following is called “speedballing”?
  38. Buprenorphine is combined with which of the following to treat narcotic dependence?
  39. Which of the following transmitters likely contributes to the immediate reward caused by narcotic use?
  40. Codeine is a(n)
  41. Approximately what percentage of U.S. 8th graders have abused inhalants at least once in their lifetime?
  42. Select the reason inhalants are most likely abused.
  43. Select the incorrect statement regarding nitrites.
  44. Select the incorrect statement regarding inhalant abuse.
  45. Which of the following has been used to treat angina?
  46. Select the incorrect statement regarding “sudden sniffing death syndrome.”
  47. Select the incorrect statement.
  48. Which of the following is not an inhalant?
  49. Which of the following is a refrigerant that can cause freeze injury upon inhalation?
  50. Which of the following inhalants is used as an anesthetic?

Set 3

  1. Select the incorrect statement.
  2. Benzodiazepines are classified in which of the following Schedules?
  3. Women’s reaction to barbiturates is most likely to be different than men’s because of differences in __________.
  4. Which of the following usually causes death resulting from a barbiturate overdose?
  5. Benzodiazepines are relatively safe when used for __________.
  6. Drugs often used to relieve symptoms of allergies and motion sickness are called __________.
  7. Select the correct statement.
  8. Barbiturates likely cause their depressant effects by enhancing which transmitter?
  9. A “Mickey Finn” was used to make a person temporarily unconscious and contained __________.
  10. Which of the following terms refers to drugs used to relieve anxiety?
  11. A glass of champagne has a faster onset of action than a glass of wine that contains the same amount of alcohol because __________.
  12. Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by all of the following except __________.
  13. __________ is the process by which alcohol concentrations are increased.
  14. Which is the manner whereby the body loses fluids through alcohol’s diuretic action?
  15. The concentration of alcohol in wine coolers is usually about __________.
  16. __________ is the process of making alcohol.
  17. __________ is used as an antifreeze whereas __________ is used as an antiseptic.
  18. Which of the following people would tend to have the highest blood alcohol level after consuming two glasses of wine?
  19. The “hair of the dog” method for treating a hangover consists of __________.
  20. Regarding sexual performance and prolonged drug use, findings suggest that alcohol __________.
  21. __________ have the highest rate of current use (non‐binge) alcohol consumption.
  22. A college student who attends a party and binges uncontrollably for the night, but then abstains from alcohol for 3 weeks until the next party where binging reoccurs is classified by Jellinek as a(n) __________ alcoholic.
  23. An organization that lobbies against alcohol‐impaired driving and for stricter enforcement of laws is __________.
  24. Which of the following occurred because of Prohibition?
  25. The highest economic cost for the nation regarding alcohol abuse is __________.
  26. Which of the following would have most likely been a promoter of the temperance movement?
  27. The family therapy system developed by Jacques Moreno in which significant interpersonal issues are enacted in a focused setting using dramatic techniques is known as __________.
  28. Individuals are classified as __________ drinkers if they consume five or more drinks on one occasion, or consume alcohol on five or more days during a given 30‐day period.
  29. The reason(s) for the increase in women’s reported alcohol problems is/are that women __________.
  30. __________ alcoholics live in a culture that views drinking alcohol as normal and these types of alcoholics spend most of the day continuously sipping, without control and are continuously “buzzed” throughout the day.
  31. How long does it typically take for withdrawals to begin once an addict stops using heroin?
  32. Mainlining refers to __________.
  33. Select the incorrect statement.
  34. Which of the following best describes buprenorphine?
  35. Which of the following is the principal therapeutic use of dextromethorphan?
  36. Select the incorrect statement.
  37. Which of the following was the first use of heroin in the United States?
  38. In 1914, the regulation of opium began with the __________.
  39. Which of the following is the generic name for Demerol?
  40. Which of the following perfected the hypodermic syringe?
  41. Which of the following inhalants is used as an anesthetic?
  42. Which of the following has been used to treat angina?
  43. Select the incorrect statement regarding inhalant abuse.
  44. A chemical is classified as being volatile if it is __________.
  45. Approximately what percentage of U.S. 8th graders have abused inhalants at least once in their lifetime?
  46. Which of the following is commonly referred to as “laughing gas?”
  47. Which of the following is a refrigerant that can cause freeze injury upon inhalation?
  48. Which of the following is (are) a side effect(s) associated with inhalant abuse?
  49. Select the reason inhalants are most likely abused.
  50. Select the incorrect statement regarding “sudden sniffing death syndrome.”
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