PSYC 341 Exam 8

Liberty PSYC 341 Exam 8 Answers

Set 1

  1. In Rotter’s theory, the likelihood that a person will behave in a given manner depends basically on his or her
  2. Unlike Skinner, Julian Rotter contended that an adequate theory of human behavior
  3. Mischel suggests that one reason why our behavior tends to be inconsistent is that we
  4. In Rotter’s general prediction formula, need potential is a function of
  5. According to Rotter, reinforcement that satisfies a strong need generally
  6. Mischel and Shoda’s cognitive-affective personality system predicts that a person’s behavior will
  7. According to Mischel, behavior tends to be consistent in different situations to the extent that
  8. Rotter’s empirical law of effect states that motivation is any condition or event that
  9. Mischel’s chief argument with trait theory is that it
  10. When reinforcement value is held constant and expectancy varies, what factor in Rotter’s theory can be predicted?
  11. Mischel believes that perhaps the most stable of all person variables is
  12. Rotter sees interpersonal trust as a
  13. Mischel and colleagues (2001) tested the person-situation interaction by researching the conditional self-evaluation. They found:
  14. Mischel is most likely to say that
  15. Rotter’s concept of ______ allows for more generalized predictions than those permitted by the basic prediction formula.
  16. Mischel and Shoda’s cognitive-affective personality system holds that
  17. Rotter defined maladaptive behavior as behavior that
  18. In Mischel and Shoda’s personality system, behavior is shaped by people’s specific cognitive and affective processes plus
  19. Rotter stated that when expectancies and situational variables are held constant, behavior is shaped by
  20. Rotter assumed that
  21. By his own admission, Rotter was MOST influenced by
  22. According to Rotter, need potential is highest under conditions of
  23. Rotter’s Internal-External Control Scale is an attempt to
  24. Scores on Rotter’s Internal-External Control Scale
  25. According to Rotter, the behavior potential in any situation is a function of
  26. To Kelly, our actions are shaped by
  27. The fact that two people may see two different events in a similar fashion is explained by Kelly’s _______ corollary.
  28. Kelly would agree with Adler
  29. Personal constructs on Kelly’s repertory grid consist of two poles:
  30. For Kelly, “any personal construction that is used repeatedly in spite of consistent invalidation” defines
  31. The awareness of an immediate and basic change to our core structures is Kelly’s definition of
  32. Kelly’s view of human nature was essentially
  33. Kelly’s personal construct theory emphasizes the notion that
  34. Kelly held that, generally speaking, people
  35. According to Kelly, what results when incompatible constructs become intolerable and people’s construction system breaks down?
  36. It is not what happens around us that make us experienced; it is successive construing and reconstruing that enriches our lives. This statement reflects Kelly’s ______ corollary.
  37. People arrange their constructs to avoid conflicts and transcend contradictions. This illustrates Kelly’s ______ corollary.
  38. Kelly called the transparent templates or patterns that help us make sense out of the world
  39. Unlike Adler, Kelly pointed out that our interpretation of events receive meaning through
  40. Personal constructs, according to Kelly, are
  41. Kelly’s fragmentation corollary
  42. Kelly believed that psychologically healthy people are similar to
  43. Kelly’s organization corollary assumes which type of relationship among constructs?
  44. Kelly called the interpretations people place on events
  45. Regan and Carter are tall; Jeff is fat. Kelly would say that these statements illustrate the incorrect use of a construct because constructs
  46. Kelly became a psychotherapist
  47. According to Kelly, a permeable construct
  48. According to Kelly, a construct is built on at least
  49. According to Kelly, when people act in ways inconsistent with their core roles, they experience
  50. While talking with Connor, Matt anticipates what Connor will say next. This event is best accounted for by Kelly’s ______ corollary.

Set 2

  1. In Mischel and Shoda’s personality system, behavior is shaped by people’s specific cognitive and affective processes plus
  2. Walter Mischel was born in the same city where _____ lived most of his life.
  3. Rotter insisted that an adequate theory of personality must take into consideration the assumption that people
  4. Rotter found that people who score high on the Interpersonal Trust Scale are generally more likely to _____ than are people who score low on this scale.
  5. Mischel’s early research led him to believe that behavior is mostly a function of
  6. Unlike Skinner, Julian Rotter contended that an adequate theory of human behavior
  7. Rotter defined maladaptive behavior as behavior that
  8. According to Rotter, the behavior potential in any situation is a function of
  9. “The probability held by the individual that a particular reinforcement will occur as a function of a specific behavior on his [or her] part in a specific situation or situations” is Rotter’s definition of
  10. Mischel’s chief argument with trait theory is that it
  11. Rotter sees interpersonal trust as a
  12. Mischel and Shoda’s cognitive‐affective personality system predicts that a person’s behavior will
  13. According to Rotter, need potential is highest under conditions of
  14. Rotter’s general prediction formula does NOT include the concept of
  15. When reinforcement value is held constant and expectancy varies, what factor in Rotter’s theory can be predicted?
  16. “A generalized expectancy held by an individual that the word, promise, oral or written statement of another individual or group can be relied on” is Rotter’s definition of
  17. Mischel believes that people regulate their own behavior through
  18. According to Rotter, freedom of movement can be determined by
  19. To Mischel, behavior is mostly likely to be caused by
  20. Which of the following is NOT one of Mischel and Shoda’s cognitive‐affective units?
  21. The more long‐range goal of Rotter’s approach to psychotherapy was the
  22. At the core of Rotter’s personality theory is his emphasis on
  23. By his own admission, Rotter was MOST influenced by
  24. According to Rotter, people with high internal locus of control believe that
  25. A study by Wright and Mischel asked children and adults to report everything they knew about certain groups of children. Findings from this research suggested that
  26. A student is given a Role Title List and asked to designate people who fit the various role titles on the list. This is part of the procedure for the
  27. Kelly’s personal construct theory emphasizes the notion that
  28. Which of these statements would Kelly say represents a construct as opposed to a concept?
  29. All women are humans all humans are mammals: all mammals are animals. This statement expresses Kelly’s ______ corollary.
  30. Kelly’s insistence that a construct is an either/or proposition is reflected in which corollary?
  31. Kelly’s belief that alternative constructions are always possible reflects the philosophical position of
  32. To Kelly, our actions are shaped by
  33. According to Kelly, a person’s construct system
  34. The purpose of Kelly’s Rep test is to
  35. Kelly became a psychotherapist
  36. Kelly believed that people’s attempts to interpret and explain events is similar to that of
  37. While talking with Connor, Matt anticipates what Connor will say next. This event is best accounted for by Kelly’s ______ corollary.
  38. Kelly stated that people belong to the same cultural group because they
  39. Kelly’s theory of personal constructs assumes all BUT:
  40. According to Kelly, our pattern of behavior that results from our understanding of the constructs of others is our
  41. Personal constructs on Kelly’s repertory grid consist of two poles:
  42. Personal construct theory assumes that behavior is
  43. Kelly’s basic postulate assumes that behavior is guided by
  44. Kelly’s organization corollary assumes which type of relationship among constructs?
  45. According to Kelly, fear is unlike threat in that fear
  46. The purpose of Kelly’s fixed‐role therapy is to
  47. Kelly might explain client resistance and negative transference during psychotherapy as a means of reducing
  48. Kelly held that, generally speaking, people
  49. Which situation best illustrates Kelly’s individuality corollary?
  50. Which set of terms is most consistent with Kelly’s concept of personal constructs?
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