PSYC 235 Exam 1

PSYC 235 Exam 1 Liberty University Answers

  1. If a researcher begins a study of a group of 20‐year‐olds and then a few years later continues the study on the same group, this would be an example of what type of research design?
  2. After doing a large‐scale cross‐sectional study, a researcher finds that each successively older group does slightly less well on a test of memory for 10‐digit telephone numbers. Which of the following is the best interpretation of this result?
  3. Which of the following scenarios is MOST likely a nonnormative life event?
  4. Which of the following timing/experience combinations would be likely to create the LEAST stress and disruption, according to the shared experiential/social clock model?
  5. You just saw a story on the news that reported older women’s IQ drops significantly after the age of 60. This was concluded from comparisons of women born between 1940 and 1949 with women born between 1970 and 1979. Based on this information, the criticism you would likely make is that
  6. Development can best be described as
  7. Schwebel combined data from 30 studies to examine the link between optimism and health. This is an example of a(n):
  8. You read a study reporting that a group of 30‐year‐olds is less likely to eat broccoli than is a group of 70‐year‐ The authors of the study can conclude that their results demonstrate
  9. Biologically influenced changes in adulthood occur
  10. Which of the following scenarios best represents a cross‐sectional research design?
  11. Experiences linked to age and occurring with most adults are called
  12. If, every five years, I study the gender‐role attitudes of the same group of individuals, this would be an example of what kind of research design?
  13. Even if age is positively correlated with speed of processing, we cannot conclude that age “caused” this increase because
  14. Three groups of males take a timed reaction test. All of the males in Group 1 are aged 20. All of the males in Group 2 are aged 40. The males in the last group (Group 3) are all aged 60. The statistic reported to describe the differences in reaction times between groups is each group’s mean score. However, this mean score does NOT identify
  15. Which of the following groups would be described as a “cohort”?
  16. One of the most common instruments to gather data is a personal interview. Which of the following questions/statements might a researcher ask in a structured interview?
  17. If a researcher interviews a group of 20‐year‐olds, a group of 40‐year‐olds, and a group of 60‐year‐olds about their gender role attitudes at one point in time, this would be an example of which sort of research design?
  18. If I were to select a sample of 30‐year‐olds, another sample of 40‐year‐olds, and a third sample of 50‐year‐olds, test or interview them once, and then test or interview them again 10 years later, this would be an example of what kind of research design?
  19. According to the theory about the impact of the social clock of adult life events, which of the following events would be considered non‐normative?
  20. If I want to know whether successive cohorts show the same pattern of decline in frequency of close friendships in their 30s, which research design should I use?
  21. Premenopausal and menopausal changes in women are triggered by a significant reduction in the production of which hormone?
  22. The finding that neurons are capable of making changes with age demonstrates
  23. Fruits and vegetables that contain beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C are recommend because they are high in
  24. Which of the following individuals would you expect to have the longest telomeres?
  25. Which of the following is found only in men?
  26. Which of the following is TRUE of insomnia?
  27. The gradual loss of hearing resulting from damage to the tiny hairs inside the cochlea is called
  28. One major shortcoming of most of the research on sexual activity is that it
  29. In which parts of the body do fat deposits INCREASE in middle age and old age (past the age of about 50)?
  30. Your great aunt Lucille is worried about changes in vision as she ages. Which of the following would she NOT be concerned about as a normative age‐related change in vision?
  31. The average age at which women go through menopause about
  32. The most common symptom associated with menopause is
  33. Mary has a family history of osteoporosis, along with a number of other risk factors. Which of the following would you recommend to her as an effective way to build bone mass and increase skeletal strength?
  34. A normal chemical process in the body, resulting from exposure to sunlight, X‐rays, and food, creates molecules or atoms that possess an unpaired electron. These atoms and molecules are called
  35. Which of the following individuals is LEAST LIKELY to have osteoarthritis?
  36. The best conclusion to draw from theories of primary aging is
  37. Which of the following changes in our senses appears to be a normal part of aging?
  38. Cells of different species, when observed in nutrient solutions, are seen to divide varying numbers of times, with cells of the most long‐lived species dividing more times than the cells of short‐lived species. The total number of divisions for any given species is sometimes referred to as
  39. One indication that some commonly observed physical change linked to age is a product of secondary aging is that
  40. A good deal of research supports a link between Type A behavior pattern and increased risk of
  41. Alzheimer’s disease is one form of
  42. The incidence of acute conditions _______ with age, while the incidence of chronic conditions
  43. Which of the following factors offers primary prevention for stroke, heart disease, and cancer?
  44. After falling on the ice and breaking three of her ribs, Kathleen is having trouble with ADLs. Which of the following is an example of an ADL?
  45. The results from older adults’ self‐reports (surveys) of their health found that
  46. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for heart disease?
  47. Which of the following is TRUE?
  48. The probability of contracting an illness is called the _________ rate.
  49. The greatest risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is:
  50. After examining the evidence regarding cardiovascular disease and gender, Bjorklund concluded that
  51. What is the typical order of the age of onset (median age at which a person experiences the disorder for the first time) for the most prominent mental disorders?
  52. Which group of adults shows a pattern of short life expectancy and high rates of chronic illness throughout adulthood?
  53. One major sex difference in health experiences over adulthood is that
  54. Dressing yourself, bathing, walking a short distance, using a toilet, and eating without assistance are all examples of what gerontologists call
  55. Which of the following is TRUE of Alzheimer’s disease?
  56. Biologically influenced changes in adulthood occur
  57. Which of the following groups would be described as a “cohort”?
  58. Which of the following is a major research technique used in “behavior genetics”?
  59. In explaining adult development, psychologists must
  60. According to the theory about the impact of the social clock of adult life events, which of the following events would be considered non‐normative?
  61. The large‐scale research project known as the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) National Survey included questions pertaining to personal health that was sent out to 7000 participants between the ages of 25 and 74. This type of study in which data is gathered at one time from groups of participants who represent different age groups is an example of what general type of research design?
  62. If I select one sample of 30‐year‐olds and follow them over a decade, interviewing or testing them repeatedly, this would be an example of what kind of research design?
  63. You read a study reporting that a group of 30‐year‐olds is less likely to eat broccoli than is a group of 70‐year‐ The authors of the study can conclude that their results demonstrate
  64. Suppose a researcher, using a cross‐sectional design, finds that the incidence of depression is highest among young adults and lowest among the elderly. Which of the following is a possible valid interpretation of this result?
  65. Even if age is positively correlated with speed of processing, we cannot conclude that age “caused” this increase because
  66. Which is NOT a major category of in uence that helps to explain both the ways we tend to be alike and the ways we tend to be different in our adult journeys?
  67. Of the following research methods, select the one that studies the same subjects over a period of time, observing whether their responses remain the same or change in systematic ways?
  68. One of the most common instruments to gather data is a personal interview. Which of the following questions/statements might a researcher ask in a structured interview?
  69. Which of the following correlation coe cients shows the strongest relationship between the two variables entered into the correlation?
  70. If I want to know whether IQ scores tend to remain constant in individuals over the adult years, which of the following research designs should I use to study the question?
  71. Which of the following is a major argument AGAINST the use of cross‐sectional research designs in studying adult development?
  72. Dee Vellop wants to know what will happen to the 2004 class of gerontology graduates during the decade following their graduation. Which research design will Dr. Vellop most likely use?
  73. If, every five years, I study the gender‐role attitudes of the same group of individuals, this would be an example of what kind of research design?
  74. Although Alex’s biological mother used crack cocaine during her pregnancy, Alex was adopted at birth into a loving home with parents who did the best that they could to give her every opportunity possible. She ended up graduating from high school and is now beginning a culinary program at a local community college. Alex’s scenario best exemplifies:
  75. Which of the following scenarios best represents a cross‐sectional research design?
  76. Current evidence on age‐related changes in levels of testosterone in men indicates that
  77. Medina (1996) suggests that changes in older men’s and women’s sexual responses are generally
  78. Which of the following is NOT a correct statement about the pattern of osteoporosis with age for men and women?
  79. Osteoporosis is the term used to describe
  80. One major shortcoming of most of the research on sexual activity is that it
  81. Which of the following is NOT a change in sleep patterns with increasing age in adulthood?
  82. More women than men in the United States are diagnosed with
  83. The most common symptom associated with menopause is
  84. One explanation of aging cites our dietary habits as connected to the aging process. Which statement below is NOT consistent with this theory?
  85. In which parts of the body do fat deposits INCREASE in middle age and old age (past the age of about 50)?
  86. Which statement is FALSE?
  87. The average age at which women go through menopause about
  88. The gradual loss of hearing resulting from damage to the tiny hairs inside the cochlea is called
  89. A problem with the results from cross‐sectional and longitudinal research on the sexual activity of adults in the United States is that
  90. Which of the following individuals is LEAST LIKELY to have osteoarthritis?
  91. Carl is 58 years old and has developed emphysema as a result of years of heavy smoking. This is an example of
  92. The suggested mechanism behind the genetic limits theory of aging comes from the discovery that chromosomes in many human body cells (and those of some other species, too) have, at their tips, lengths of repeating DNA called
  93. The finding that neurons are capable of making changes with age demonstrates
  94. Which of the following individuals would you expect to have the longest telomeres?
  95. Which of the following is NOT a reason why we should care about health and functioning, from a Christian perspective?
  96. When people reach the age 55, the top cancer killer is _____ cancer, which remains through the rest of their life.”
  97. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for heart disease?
  98. Mental health is primarily a result of
  99. Researchers who examined 18th century medical records in Sweden found that the ____________ was/were the strongest factor in determining adult longevity.
  100. At what median age do adults in the United States show the onset of substance abuse?
  101. The term used to describe a disease of the arteries in which there is a gradual build‐up of fat‐laden deposits is
  102. Which group of adults shows a pattern of short life expectancy and high rates of chronic illness throughout adulthood?
  103. It is estimated that 20 percent of the elderly have pathological levels of anxiety. Which of the following is NOT an anxiety disorder?
  104. Which of the following are the 2 leading causes of death among adults in their 40s and 50s in the U.S.?
  105. Which of the following diseases is the leading cause of death in late adulthood in the United States and other developed countries?
  106. Which of the following is TRUE?
  107. Which of the following is TRUE of Alzheimer’s disease?
  108. Across the adult years, the 12‐month prevalence of most mental disorders increases from young adulthood to middle adulthood and then declines, with the lowest rates being ________________(Kessler, Berglund, Demler, et al., 2005).
  109. Raymond is a 69‐year‐old male who lives in the south. It is most likely that he lives:
  110. Which of the following is the most accurate description of the relationship of atherosclerosis to aging?
Purchase the answer key
$3.99
Add to Cart
  • Find by class