PSYC 235 Exam 2

PSYC 235 Exam 2 Liberty University Answers

  1. Knowing the names of each president and vice president of the United States draws on which type of intelligence?
  2. When speaking of the type of intelligence based on education and experience, Horn and Cattell refer to _______.
  3. You recently compared your mother’s recent IQ scores with those from the test she took 10 years ago. What combination of changes in crystallized or fluid subscale scores would you MOST likely find?
  4. Which of the following is a valid statement relating to research concerning genetic influence on cognitive abilities?
  5. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) scores produce a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. This suggests that 2/3 of all adults obtain a score between
  6. An experimenter reads a series of numbers and requires the subject to repeat those numbers back in the order given. This is a test of what kind of intelligence?
  7. The more education a person has,
  8. Rodriguez, a 75-year-old male, was a participant in a study that required him to look at different types of advertisements. These ads featured three types of appeals: emotional, knowledge-related, and neutral. Based on research, it is most likely that:
  9. On which of the following types of tests do adults retain the most skill well into old age?
  10. Older adults’ reduced performance on declarative memory tasks when they are reminded of the negative age stereotype is probably the result of such reminders:
  11. According to Cattell and Horn’s theory of intelligence, which type of intelligence is thought to reflect the more basic, physiologically based type of ability?
  12. In general, older adults are more emotionally ________ than younger adults.
  13. Which of the following is the most probable explanation for the difference in the apparent pattern of decline in IQ from cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies?
  14. The latest research on age‐related changes in judgment and decision‐making suggests that older adults utilize less information and take less time to make their choices (when compared to younger adults). However, there were NO differences in the choices made. The authors suggest that this is because _______.
  15. On which of the following kinds of “everyday” memory tasks is an older adult likely to do as well as younger adults?
  16. Figuring out which letter goes next in the series “z, w, s, n, __” is an example of
  17. The finding that average IQ has increased steadily over the 20th century is referred to as the _______ .
  18. When it comes to new technologies
  19. What is the key flaw in studies of the effect of exercise on mental abilities in which comparisons are made between regular exercisers and sedentary adults?
  20. Which of the following people is likely to spend the LEAST time on child care?
  21. Which of the following is the most commonly acquired new role in the postparental period?
  22. In comparison to women with children, childless women are _______.
  23. A researcher asks couples in their 70s to think back on their marriages and say which period had been the happiest in their married lives. Which period, on average, are these adults likely to say was the happiest?
  24. The proportion of 65 years or older living with relatives other than spouses depends on:
  25. Imagine that you are a business executive and you are about to have a meeting with a rival executive whom you know to be a woman. You know nothing else about her, but you imagine that she must be less competitive than your male colleagues— probably more conciliatory. What process are you demonstrating with such thoughts?
  26. A brief definition of a gender role is _______.
  27. Miguel and Sara, who live in New York, have been together for six years and now have two children, aged 1 and 3. According to research, at what period in their relationship might they have had egalitarian gender roles, or equal gender roles?
  28. According to the marital crisis effect:
  29. During which age period is the highest density of shifts in social roles found?
  30. Most elderly individuals without a spouse in the U.S. prefer to:
  31. The concept of gender role crossover suggests that at some point in the life cycle, men begin to take on aspects of the women’s role and women take on aspects of the men’s role. At what stage does Gutmann think this occurs?
  32. In the U.S., which of the following individuals over the age of 65 is most likely to be single and never married?
  33. David Gutmann refers to the magnification of gender role differences after the birth of the first child as _______.
  34. According to Arnett, which of the following is NOT a feature of emerging adulthood?
  35. At which age in the life cycle are adults likely to add the greatest number of new roles?
  36. The term psychologists use to describe the typical collection of female stereotyped qualities is _______.
  37. Unlike today, early social role theory described adulthood in terms of:
  38. Researchers have used a number of theories to explain the topic of what attracts one person to another or two people to each other. Which of the following theories below best exemplifies the trade‐off we often make with intimate partners such as a sense of humor offsetting a physical unattractive trait, for example, being overweight.
  39. Assuming that Shealeen is similar to other adult children, one would expect that she:
  40. Your friends Jeff and Lucia are considering living together as a kind of trial run, to see if they want to get married. They know you are studying psychology, and ask you whether psychologists know anything about couples who live together. Which of the following would best describe the current information?
  41. The key feature of unsuccessful marriages (those most likely to end in divorce), according to Gottman’s research, is _______.
  42. John views his parents as unpredictable and unfair. He describes his important love relationships as involving jealousy, emotional ups and downs, and frustration that others seem reluctant to get as close as he would like. He falls in love quickly, but is always unsatisfied in the relationship. John’s attachment style would be classified as
  43. Wayne is a married 71‐year‐old grandfather. Based on existing research, we can conclude that:
  44. Which of the following is NOT a key underlying feature of attachment according to Weiss’s conceptualization?
  45. Late‐life divorce usually results in what change for the adult daughter?
  46. Which of the following is TRUE regarding Markman and colleagues’ research on relationship quality?
  47. African‐American baby boomers give more assistance of all types to their parents compared to their white counterparts because
  48. One study showed that compared to their heterosexual siblings, gay and lesbian adults reported:
  49. In Gottman’s research, he asks couples to “tell the story of us.” Based on _______, he found that the couple will almost certainly be together four years later.
  50. Which of the following is TRUE regarding adult romantic attachment styles?
  51. Torre has found himself enmeshed in a social network of mutually‐beneficial relationships with which he moves through life. This phenomenon is known as
  52. As a result of the interactions with her mother during childhood, Juanita has a mental representation of herself as unworthy of love and care, and as the world as an unsafe place. This representation is known as
  53. Adults with a secure attachment
  54. According to __________ theory, today’s members of our species have biological systems that foster the formation and maintenance of social relationships, and this is manifested in a universal “need to belong.”
  55. Research on cohabitation has shown that:
  56. On which of the following kinds of “everyday” memory tasks is an older adult likely to do as well as younger adults?
  57. Which of the following would be considered a “fluid” ability?
  58. Several different distinctions among types of intellectual tests have been suggested. Which set of subtypes appears to be similar in content?
  59. On which of the following types of tests do adults retain the most skill well into old age?
  60. Which of the following persons is most likely to maintain good intellectual functioning into old age?
  61. The more education a person has,
  62. Clarissa is walking through the grocery store and realizes that they only take cash or a debit card. She does not have a debit card, so she starts to add up the cost of her groceries to determine if she has enough money. She is using her
  63. Mario is trying to keep the page numbers of his assignment in mind until he is able to write them down. He is using his
  64. Word‐finding failure and name‐retrieval failures are both examples of tasks that require
  65. You recently compared your mother’s recent IQ scores with those from the test she took 10 years ago. What combination of changes in crystallized or fluid subscale scores would you MOST likely find?
  66. Which of the following is TRUE?
  67. Short‐term memory is also referred to as
  68. Which of the following is the most probable explanation for the difference in the apparent pattern of decline in IQ from cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies?
  69. Figuring out which letter goes next in the series “z, w, s, n, __” is an example of
  70. Socioemotional selectivity theory provides an explanation for
  71. When you look up a phone number and say it over to yourself once so that you can dial the whole number without having to check it again, what part of the memory sequence are you using?
  72. Many definitions of intelligence include the global abilities to
  73. Older adults’ reduced performance on declarative memory tasks when they are reminded of the negative age stereotype is probably the result of such reminders:
  74. Research has shown that IQ, from childhood into older adulthood:
  75. Who is most likely to be cohabiting?
  76. During which age period is the highest density of shifts in social roles found?
  77. who provide care for elderly relatives are less apt to experience caregiver burden and depression than
  78. In comparison to women with children, childless women are
  79. Which two groups, among families at different stages of the family life cycle, show the highest levels of marital satisfaction?
  80. Which of the following hypothetical or actual pieces of evidence would provide the best support for the existence of a gender role crossover in midlife?
  81. The proportion of 65 years or older living with relatives other than spouses depends on:
  82. Which of the following theories explains gender role differences among new parents by saying that men and women function as a couple to swap goods and services?
  83. Imagine that you are a business executive and you are about to have a meeting with a rival executive whom you know to be a woman. You know nothing else about her, but you imagine that she must be less competitive than your male colleagues—probably more conciliatory. What process are you demonstrating with such thoughts?
  84. Research on gender roles around the world shows that
  85. At which age in the life cycle are adults likely to add the greatest number of new roles?
  86. The school of thought that explains gender roles as dispositional traits we are genetically predisposed to perform is known as
  87. Based on Gottman’s interview research, which of the following is considered the glue that holds the marriage together for couples who experienced the transition to parenthood?
  88. Ryan and Deborah have just had their first child. According to economic exchange theory, what effect (if any) will this new arrival have on Ryan’s behavior?
  89. Which of the following is NOT consistently part of the male gender role stereotype in Williams and Best’s cross‐cultural studies?
  90. David Gutmann refers to the magnification of gender role differences after the birth of the first child as
  91. According to Arnett, which of the following is NOT a feature of emerging adulthood?
  92. Which new adult role is accompanied by a decrease in marital happiness and satisfaction?
  93. African‐American baby boomers give more assistance of all types to their parents compared to their white counterparts because
  94. John views his parents as unpredictable and unfair. He describes his important love relationships as involving jealousy, emotional ups and downs, and frustration that others seem reluctant to get as close as he would like. He falls in love quickly, but is always unsatisfied in the relationship. John’s attachment style would be classified as
  95. Which of the following behaviors toward another person would be LEAST LIKELY to be considered an attachment behavior?
  96. Research on same‐sex partnerships shows that
  97. Which of the following is TRUE regarding adult romantic attachment styles?
  98. If I ask you to make a list of all the people who are most important to you, including those you cannot imagine living without and those who are important but not quite that close, this list would describe your
  99. Carstensen’s “socioemotional selectivity theory” suggests that over adulthood, our relationships with friends should become
  100. Research on cohabitation has shown that:
  101. Longitudinal research shows that an infant’s attachment classification
  102. Jennings is doing research that entails a mapping technique in which participants report on three levels of relationships. They are asked to write the names of people within three concentric circles. Dr. Jennings’ research is using the:
  103. Assuming that Shealeen is similar to other adult children, one would expect that she:
  104. According to __________ theory, today’s members of our species have biological systems that foster the formation and maintenance of social relationships, and this is manifested in a universal “need to belong.”
  105. Your friends Jeff and Lucia are considering living together as a kind of trial run, to see if they want to get married. They know you are studying psychology, and ask you whether psychologists know anything about couples who live together. Which of the following would best describe the current information?
  106. Torre has found himself enmeshed in a social network of mutually‐beneficial relationships with which he moves through life. This phenomenon is known as
  107. Anthropologist Helen L. Fisher (2000, 2004) suggests that mate
selection depends on three distinct emotional systems:
  108. When it comes to Facebook,
  109. If you ask a group of young men which quality is most important to them in choosing a prospective wife, which of the following qualities is likely to be ranked first?
  110. In what period of adulthood do siblings become more significant?
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