PSYC 341 Exam 5

Liberty PSYC 341 Exam 5 Answers

Set 1

  1. According to Rogers, when people are unaware of the discrepancy between their self and their experience, they become
  2. According to Rogers, a portion of one’s experience becomes di erentiated into
  3. Rogers’s theory of personality evolved out of
  4. What condition did Rogers believe must be present in a relationship that leads to psychological growth?
  5. In his philosophy of science, Rogers argued that methodology must be
  6. To Rogers, the basic ingredient of maladjustment is
  7. Before entering Columbia University to study psychology and education, Carl Rogers had planned to become
  8. As an adolescent, Rogers
  9. According to Rogers, the ______ includes all those aspects of one’s being and one’s experience that are perceived in awareness.
  10. According to Rogers, for a psychologically healthy person,
  11. Rogers stated that therapists will be more e ective if they communicate ______ to the client.
  12. Rogers’s early approach to therapy was most in uenced by
  13. Rogers believed that people’s positive self‐regard
  14. The misinterpretation of an experience in order to make it t some aspect of one’s self‐ concept matches Rogers’ concept of
  15. For Rogers, the source of people’s positive self‐regard is
  16. Rogers held that if certain therapeutic conditions are present, then people will
  17. Rogers’s concept of humanity is basically
  18. Rollo May was the foremost spokesperson for the ______ approach to psychology in the United States.
  19. May held that Umwelt includes the world of
  20. From an existential perspective, people acquire freedom of action
  21. Existentialists believe that most people in modern societies experience alienation due to a separation of
  22. For May, freedom often leads to
  23. May contended that Western civilization
  24. According to May, the essential unity of the person and environment is called
  25. May suggested that freedom and destiny are
  26. May claimed that members of technologically advanced civilizations are most likely to su er guilt connected with
  27. For May, freedom of being is synonymous with
  28. For May, ontological guilt associated with Mitwelt arises from our
  29. May called ______ “the capacity to organize one’s self so that movement in a certain direction or toward a certain goal may take place”.
  30. Existential therapists must
  31. For May, ______ is an altruistic kind of love.
  32. May considered eros the salvation of
  33. Most existentialists believe that
  34. Allport believed that insight and humor may be aspects of
  35. For Allport, common traits
  36. For Allport, which of the following is the most basic question underlying all personality theory?
  37. A weakness of Allport’s theory of personality is that it
  38. Allport’s master system of motivation that confers unity on personality is called
  39. With regard to traits, Allport held that they
  40. “The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought” is Allport’s de nition of
  41. Research has found that highly prejudiced churchgoers scored
  42. Allport favored a view of personality that regards behavior as
  43. Allport contended that adult motives are
  44. The Religious Orientation Scale (ROS) assumes both ______ and ______ orientation toward religion.
  45. For Allport, the human personality implies
  46. To Allport, the most important structures of personality are
  47. Unconscious processes, said Allport, play an important role in
  48. The technique that Baldwin developed to analyze the structure of Jenny’s personality from her letters was called
  49. Allport termed less intensely felt personal dispositions that guide action ______ dispositions.
  50. Allport’s criteria for an adequate theory of motivation included all EXCEPT the idea that the theory must

Set 2

  1. According to Rogers, the two subsystems of the self are the
  2. Rogers would say that unconditional positive regard is at greatest variance with
  3. Rogers’s concept of humanity is basically
  4. Rogers believed that the successful therapist
  5. Which of these conditions did Rogers NOT see as a “necessary and sufficient” ingredient in therapeutic growth?
  6. According to Rogers, when therapists experience “a warm, positive and accepting attitude toward what is the client”, they
  7. Carl Rogers is best known as
  8. Rogers’s therapeutic approach at the University of Chicago emphasized
  9. Rogers’s approach to therapy is best termed
  10. In his philosophy of science, Rogers argued that methodology must be
  11. According to Rogers’s view of the therapeutic process, psychological growth appears to be irreversible at the _____ stage.
  12. Rogers held that if certain therapeutic conditions are present, then people will
  13. Which term is LEAST appropriate as applied to Carl Rogers?
  14. According to Rogers, which of these conditions would be MOST therapeutic?
  15. Rogers’s theory of personality evolved out of
  16. Rogers said that evaluations of a person by others tend to
  17. What stage of Rogers’s therapeutic process is characterized by avoidance of present feelings and a discussion limited to past or future emotions?
  18. May’s approach to understanding people is based primarily on his
  19. According to May, people’s being‐in‐the‐world is characterized by
  20. For May, the purpose of therapy is to
  21. People’s feelings of self‐isolation and alienation from the world are seen in their
  22. According to May, Eigenwelt refers to our relationship to
  23. For May, freedom of being is synonymous with
  24. For May, care is the source of
  25. May considered eros the salvation of
  26. Existential therapists must
  27. anxiety “is proportionate to the threat, does not involve repression, and can be confronted constructively on a conscious level”, according to May.
  28. According to May, ontological guilt is experienced
  29. May called ______ “the capacity to organize one’s self so that movement in a certain direction or toward a certain goal may take place”.
  30. Two basic concepts of existentialism are
  31. May contended that Western civilization
  32. May believed that ______ is our ultimate destiny.
  33. May held that Umwelt includes the world of
  34. Allport’s approach to science emphasizes which methods?
  35. Which of these would NOT be characteristic of the mature, healthy personality, according to Allport?
  36. The technique that Baldwin developed to analyze the structure of Jenny’s personality from her letters was called
  37. “Any acquired system of motivation in which the tensions involved are not of the same kind as the antecedent tensions from which the acquired system developed” is Allport’s definition of
  38. Research has found that highly prejudiced churchgoers scored
  39. Personal dispositions that are not central to personality, yet occur with some regularity and are responsible for much of one’s specific behaviors, Allport termed ______ dispositions.
  40. Research suggests that people who score high on the Extrinsic scale of the Religious Orientation Scale tend to
  41. Research indicates that people who score high on the Intrinsic scale of the Religious Orientation Scale (and thus are more involved in their religion) tend to
  42. Allport termed less intensely felt personal dispositions that guide action ______ dispositions.
  43. The term “character” originally meant
  44. Allport’s notion that people are capable of consciously acting upon their environment in new and innovative ways that permit psychological growth is illustrated by
  45. Allport saw people as being motivated mostly by
  46. With regard to freedom and determinism, Allport held
  47. To Allport, the most important structures of personality are
  48. According to Allport, personal dispositions that are so dominating in one’s life that they cannot be hidden are called
  49. With regard to traits, Allport held that they
  50. Allport’s approach to personality can best be termed
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