PSYC 341 Exam 2

PSYC 341 Exam 2 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Which of the following statements best expresses Alfred Adler’s concept of humanity?
  2. According to Alfred Adler, _____ is the dynamic force motivating all human activity.
  3. In the context of safeguarding tendencies, _____ is the tendency to safeguard one’s fictional goal of superiority by psychologically reverting to a secure period of life.
  4. Alfred Adler referred to ideas that have no real existence yet influence people as if they really existed as
  5. In the context of Adlerian theory of individual psychology, which of the following statements is true about social interest?
  6. According to Alfred Adler, two commonly used safeguarding tendencies are excuses and aggression. A third is
  7. According to Alfred Adler, which of the following statements is true about children who feel pampered?
  8. “Yes, I like your idea, but I am afraid it is not feasible.” Which of the following safeguarding tendencies is exemplified in this scenario?
  9. Alfred Adler’s concept of humanity is most accurately summarized in which phrase?
  10. Vacillating, procrastinating, or behaving compulsively exemplify the Adlerian safeguarding tendency of
  11. Alfred Adler’s notion of moving backward is similar to Sigmund Freud’s notion of
  12. Alfred Adler’s break with Sigmund Freud was due to the fact that
  13. According to Alfred Adler, the goal toward which a psychologically healthy person strives is
  14. Adlerian safeguarding tendencies protect _____ against public disgrace and loss of self-esteem.
  15. The night before Alfred Adler made his first trip to the United States, he dreamed that
  16. In the context of the striving force as compensation, Alfred Adler believed that the tendency toward completion or wholeness
  17. Alfred Adler felt that every individual is striving to reach the same goal of
  18. Alfred Adler believed that the typical secondborn child
  19. Which of the following was the effect of World War I on Alfred Adler?
  20. _____, a form of an aggressive safeguarding device, is the tendency to blame others for one’s failures and to seek revenge, thereby safeguarding one’s own tenuous self-esteem.
  21. According to Alfred Adler, which of the following statements is true about maladjusted people?
  22. Unlike other psychiatrists of his time, Alfred Adler treated
  23. According to Alfred Adler, which of the following statements is true about organ inferiorities?
  24. Although Alfred Adler’s theory is optimistic, it can be criticized for its
  25. “If only my parents were more encouraging, I would have been a successful businessperson by now.” Which of the following safeguarding tendencies is exemplified in this scenario?
  26. Carl Jung developed the _____ technique during his self-analysis and later used it with many of his patients.
  27. According to Carl Jung, which of the following statements is true about the hero archetype?
  28. Carl Jung would say that a man who finds women alluring and mysterious may be projecting his _____ archetype onto women.
  29. In Jungian psychology, repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences are part of the
  30. According to Carl Jung, the anima influences the
  31. According to Carl Jung, which of the following statements is true about a complex?
  32. In the context of Carl Jung’s theory, the process of actualizing the various components of personality best describes
  33. Symbols for Carl Jung’s great mother archetype include
  34. In the context of Jungian theory, which of the following statements is true about the ego?
  35. Carl Jung claimed that overcoming moral obstacles and admitting the inferior side of one’s nature may lead to the realization of the
  36. Which of the following occurs when individuals identify too closely with their personas?
  37. Carl Jung, like Sigmund Freud, based his personality theory on the assumption that that the mind, or psyche,
  38. In the context of archetypes, which of the following statements is true about the animus?
  39. According to Jungian psychology, religious fanatics swept up in a strongly felt cause are frequently _____ types.
  40. In the context of the stages of development, which of the following statements is true about the anarchic phase of childhood?
  41. In the context of archetypes, which of the following statements is true about the shadow?
  42. According to Carl Jung, introversion is basically
  43. According to Carl Jung, the achievement of consciousness by our distant ancestors is reflected in the hero’s
  44. Carl Jung disagreed with Sigmund Freud’s belief that dreams
  45. During his period of self-analysis, Carl Jung claimed to have carried on a conversation with
  46. Carl Jung would consider a person who relies blindly on thoughts and ideas that have been transmitted from others to be an _____ type.
  47. Which of the following statements is true about progression?
  48. According to Carl Jung, in dreams, figures such as a teacher, philosopher, doctor, or priest may personify the _____ archetype.
  49. The great mother is Carl Jung’s archetype of
  50. Carl Jung called an inclination to act or react in a characteristic direction

Set 2

  1. The death of Adler’s younger brother resulted in Adler
  2. Adler believed that dreams
  3. Adlerian safeguarding tendencies protect _______ against public disgrace and loss of self‐
  4. Adler’s concept of standing still is similar to Freud’s concept of
  5. Although Adler’s theory is optimistic, it can be criticized for its
  6. As a dynamic concept, Adler’s notion of creative power implies
  7. Concerning feelings of inferiority, Adler held that
  8. Adler borrowed his ideas on fictionalism from
  9. Adler believed that early recollections
  10. Adler believed that the typical secondborn child
  11. According to Adler, the goal toward which a psychologically healthy person strives is
  12. Social interest
  13. Unlike Freud, Adler believed that
  14. Unlike Freud’s psychoanalysis, Adler’s individual psychology assumed that
  15. Adler hypothesized that early recollections
  16. One of Adler’s strongest beliefs was in
  17. According to Adler, ______ is the “barometer of normality”.
  18. Adler refers to the overemphasis on the importance of being manly as the
  19. According to Adler, social interest is strongest in people who strive for
  20. Adler referred to ideas that have no real existence yet influence people as if they really existed as
  21. Adler’s notion of the masculine protest
  22. Jared develops tension headaches while trying to meet a deadline at work. This tactic allows him to escape responsibility for meeting the deadline and to receive sympathy from his boss and coworkers. According to Adler, Jared’s headaches are examples of
  23. Adler believed that behavior and personality are shaped by
  24. Adler’s earliest memories concerned
  25. Envy, gossip, and intolerance are manifestations of which Adlerian safeguarding tendency?
  26. Jung believed that
  27. Symbols for Jung’s great mother archetype include
  28. Jung claimed that to overcome moral obstacles and admit the inferior side of one’s nature may lead to the realization of the
  29. Because Jung was ______, Freud groomed him to be his successor.
  30. In dreams, figures such as a teacher, philosopher, doctor, or priest may personify the ______ archetype, according to Jung.
  31. Which function involves perception beyond consciousness, according to Jung?
  32. During his period of self‐analysis, Carl Jung claimed to have carried on a conversation with
  33. On the dimension of causality versus teleology, Jung
  34. In Jungian psychology, repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences are part of the
  35. Jung believed that the crucial time in life when one should move from an extraverted attitude toward an introverted one is
  36. Jungian psychology
  37. Both Jung and Freud underwent a personal crisis and a profound change during their late 30s or early 40s. In contrast to Freud, Jung
  38. The wizard in the Wizard of Oz symbolizes which Jungian archetype?
  39. According to Jung, individuation, or self‐realization,
  40. In Jungian psychology, the psychologically healthy person has a
  41. According to Jung, the confession of a pathogenic secret in psychotherapy involves the
  42. In Jungian theory, types include
  43. Jung claimed that both archetypes and instincts
  44. According to Jung, the achievement of consciousness by our distant ancestors is reflected in the hero’s
  45. According to Jung, the rational functions include
  46. Jung believed that in a woman’s relationship to the men in her life, she is most likely to project her ______ on to those men.
  47. Jung would say that a man who finds women alluring and mysterious may be projecting his ______ archetype onto women.
  48. In Jungian psychology, a withdrawn accountant with a strong interest in numbers and things and with little knowledge of his or her internal strivings would be classified as
  49. Jung said that the animus
  50. Jung called an inclination to act or react in a characteristic direction

Set 3

  1. According to Adler, children who feel pampered
  2. One of Adler’s strongest beliefs was in
  3. Social interest
  4. Adler’s concept of standing still is similar to Freud’s concept of
  5. According to Adler, the behavior of psychologically healthy individuals is
  6. From an Adlerian perspective,
  7. Adlerians believe that if style of life changes, early recollections
  8. Although Adler’s theory is optimistic, it can be criticized for its
  9. Unlike Freud, Adler believed that
  10. Which of the following statements best expresses Adler’s concept of humanity?
  11. Adler said that all humans are “blessed” at birth with
  12. Vacillating, procrastinating, or behaving compulsively are examples of which Adlerian safeguarding tendency?
  13. According to Adler,
  14. Concerning feelings of inferiority, Adler held that
  15. Jade is a 20‐year‐old college junior who “checks in” daily with her out‐of‐state mother by e‐mail or telephone. Jade, who makes no decisions without consulting her mother, is a pre‐med major because her mother insists that she become a doctor. Adler would see Jade’s relationship with her mother as a ________ one.
  16. According to Adler, _______ is the bond that holds society together.
  17. Adler’s notion of moving backward is similar to Freud’s notion of
  18. A unique aspect of early Adlerian therapy was
  19. According to Adler, the goal toward which a psychologically healthy person strives is
  20. The “sole criterion of human values”, Adler said, is
  21. According to Adler, ______ is the “barometer of normality”.
  22. Adler believed that behavior and personality are shaped by
  23. Adler believed that social interest
  24. Adler believed that people strive for superiority
  25. According to Adler’s theory of abnormal development, the goals of neurotic people
  26. Like Freud, Jung believed that
  27. Jung cited ______ as evidence for the existence of a collective unconscious.
  28. Which function tells us the value of something, according to Jung?
  29. According to Jung, the rational functions include
  30. The wizard in the Wizard of Oz symbolizes which Jungian archetype?
  31. Jung called an inclination to act or react in a characteristic direction
  32. Both Jung and Freud underwent a personal crisis and a profound change during their late 30s or early 40s. In contrast to Freud, Jung
  33. Mythical characters such as Achilles and Superman personify which Jungian archetype?
  34. According to Jung, introversion is basically
  35. In Jungian psychology, religious fanatics swept up in a strongly felt cause are frequently _______ types.
  36. Jung claimed that to overcome moral obstacles and admit the inferior side of one’s nature may lead to the realization of the
  37. Which function involves perception beyond consciousness, according to Jung?
  38. According to Jung, the archetype that manifests itself as one’s social role is the
  39. In Jungian theory, extraverted feeling types are more likely than other types to
  40. Jung said that the animus
  41. As a boy, Jung became aware of a No. 1 and a No. 2 personality. His No. 2 personality
  42. According to Jung, when a personal experience corresponds to a latent primordial image,
  43. In Jungian psychology, a person primarily concerned with external matters such as financial success, competition, and material possessions would be
  44. In Jungian psychology, repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences are part of the
  45. Symbols for Jung’s great mother archetype include
  46. Because Jung was ______, Freud groomed him to be his successor.
  47. Jungian psychology
  48. Freud’s concept of phylogenetic endowment is similar to Jung’s idea of
  49. In Jungian theory, the ego
  50. In Jungian psychology, ______ is the essence of personality.
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