PSYC 341 Exam 1

Liberty PSYC 341 Exam 1 Answers

Set 1

  1. The personalities, cognitive processes, developmental histories, and social experiences of personality theorists help shape their theories. The discipline that deals with these factors is called
  2. The basic data of science are
  3. A reliable test
  4. A test that can accurately divide extraverts from introverts is said to have
  5. An educated guess that can be scientifically tested is a definition of
  6. Part of the internal consistency of a theory is
  7. A theory may be set aside when it
  8. A taxonomy is best defined as
  9. Which of these is NOT a function of a useful theory?
  10. The ultimate value of any theory depends on its
  11. Theories are built primarily on
  12. What is the proper place of theory within science?
  13. Statements formed in an if‐then framework are most likely
  14. Any test that correlates with future behaviors is said to have
  15. The word personality comes from the Latin word “persona”, meaning
  16. Descriptive research
  17. Personality theorists who adopt a teleological approach generally believe that people’s behavior is a function of
  18. Which statement is most nearly true?
  19. Personality theorists have evolved different systems because
  20. Which of the following is NOT a dimension used by the authors to assess a theorist’s concept of humanity?
  21. A useful theory must be falsifiable, which means that
  22. A useful theory should be parsimonious, meaning that it should be
  23. A set of related assumptions from which, by logical deductive reasoning, testable hypotheses can be drawn is
  24. The variety of personality theories now is due to
  25. Which statement best characterizes the relationship between a theory and a hypothesis?
  26. According to Freud, which of these region(s) of the mind is (are) in contact with the external world?
  27. Freud believed that condensation and displacement
  28. According to Freud, a masochist may receive sexual pleasure from
  29. The function that fights against id impulses regardless of what is realistic or possible is what Freud called the
  30. Which anxiety does Freud claim most nearly resembles fear?
  31. Freud held that the secondary process functions through
  32. Freud believed that the ego begins to evolve from the id soon after birth. While the ego is developing, the id
  33. According to Freud’s theory, anxiety
  34. Freud believed that a little girl’s Oedipal wish for a baby is a substitute for the
  35. Dreams of patients suffering from traumatic neuroses, or posttraumatic stress disorder, follow the Freudian principle of
  36. Freud believed that instincts are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
  37. Freud’s three levels of mental life are
  38. Freud’s notion of the superego includes
  39. Bettelheim argued that psychoanalysis should be seen as a
  40. The superego, said Freud,
  41. The “royal road to the unconscious” was thought by Freud to be
  42. Tyler greatly admires his geometry teacher and tries to copy his mannerisms and lifestyle. This is an example of which Freudian defense mechanism?
  43. Freud called the nonsexual love a child has for a sibling
  44. The principle source of frustration during Freud’s anal phase is
  45. According to Freud, feelings of inferiority stem from the
  46. Freud’s free association technique evolved from
  47. Freud called an expression of both the sexual and the aggressive instinct
  48. From a Freudian perspective, psychological maturity might be characterized by
  49. Trained psychoanalysts can interpret dreams
  50. According to Freud, a teenager preoccupied with self and personal appearance is exhibiting

Set 2

  1. Part of the internal consistency of a theory is
  2. Theories are built primarily on
  3. A useful theory should be parsimonious, meaning that it should be
  4. Personality theorists have evolved different systems because
  5. Personality theorists who adopt a teleological approach generally believe that people’s behavior is a function of
  6. Which of these is NOT a function of a useful theory?
  7. A theory may be set aside when it
  8. Descriptive research
  9. Any test that correlates with future behaviors is said to have
  10. The basic data of science are
  11. Which statement is most nearly true?
  12. The ultimate value of any theory depends on its
  13. Statements formed in an if‐then framework are most likely
  14. A set of related assumptions from which, by logical deductive reasoning, testable hypotheses can be drawn is
  15. The variety of personality theories now is due to
  16. The two MOST important functions of a theory are its
  17. Psychologists generally agree that personality
  18. A reliable test
  19. Which statement best characterizes the relationship between a theory and a hypothesis?
  20. What is the proper place of theory within science?
  21. A useful theory must be falsifiable, which means that
  22. The personalities, cognitive processes, developmental histories, and social experiences of personality theorists help shape their theories. The discipline that deals with these factors is called
  23. An educated guess that can be scientifically tested is a definition of
  24. According to the authors of the text, personality theories
  25. A test that can accurately divide extraverts from introverts is said to have
  26. Freud held that castration anxiety
  27. Which of these progressions is most consistent with psychoanalytic theory?
  28. Among Freud’s personal qualities were
  29. Seeing deficiencies in others that one unconsciously feels within oneself is an example of which Freudian defense mechanism
  30. A compulsively neat person who is also stubborn and miserly is what Freud called an
  31. The id is primarily involved in which of the following activities, according to Freud?
  32. Asking a patient to verbalize thoughts, no matter how absurd, irrelevant, or embarrassing, is the Freudian technique of
  33. The apprehension one feels while in the presence of a teacher is what Freud called _______ anxiety.
  34. The classical Freudian anal character possesses all of the following traits EXCEPT for?
  35. The most basic Freudian defense mechanism is
  36. Tyler greatly admires his geometry teacher and tries to copy his mannerisms and lifestyle. This is an example of which Freudian defense mechanism?
  37. According to Freud, a masochist may receive sexual pleasure from
  38. The principle source of frustration during Freud’s anal phase is
  39. In Freudian theory, dreams are seen as
  40. According to Freud, a boy who feels strong hostility toward his father and sexual love for his mother is experiencing
  41. According to Freud, the ego’s dependency on the superego results in
  42. According to Freud, all people possess two major instincts or drives. They are
  43. According to Freud, ideas that slip in and out of awareness with greater or lesser degrees of ease are
  44. Shevrin, Ghannam, and Libet recently found that the defense mechanism of ______ might have a neurophysiologic basis.
  45. Freud claimed that during the Oedipal period, a boy
  46. Freud’s notion of phylogenetic endowment refers to
  47. According to Freud, the genital period
  48. According to Freud, normally, in post‐Oedipal identification with his father, a boy
  49. According to Freud, a guilt‐ridden, timid person is most likely dominated by
  50. Freud began his famous self‐analysis
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