Your roommate is interested in dating Chris, whom you know from a history class. Your roommate asks if you think Chris is generally a considerate person. You remember how Chris lent you notes when you missed class last week, and tell your roommate you think Chris is very considerate. In making your judgment, you have relied upon the ________ heuristic.
How are self-fulfilling prophecies and schemas related?
The __________ heuristic refers to the mental shortcut whereby people classify a person or thing based on how similar it appears to be to the typical case.
When most Americans walk into a fast food restaurant chain, they know they should walk up to the counter to order, pay, and pick up their food, rather than sit down and wait to be served. This knowledge of how to act in such a situation is called a
Reasoning based on the ease with which we can bring something to mind involves the use of the ________ heuristic.
Karen is so used to driving to her boyfriend’s house that when she is taking her little brother to softball practice early one morning, before she is fully awake, she finds herself driving to her boyfriend’s house instead. This is an example of
The first day of class, Maria absolutely loved her new social psychology professor, but Daniel couldn’t stand her. If their interpretations were influenced by schemas, in all likelihood, Maria had heard ________, whereas Daniel had heard ________.
According to the authors of your text, what are the three reasons why schemas become accessible?
Which of the following is a function of controlled thinking?
The planning fallacy is the tendency to __________.
In a controlled experiment, Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) informed grade school teachers that some of their students (called “bloomers”) would show great academic improvement in the upcoming year. In reality, the “bloomers” were chosen randomly by the researchers, and were no smarter than any of the other students. Which of the following best describes the results of this study? At the end of the year,
Ethan and Heather see a man stumbling around as he walks down the street. Ethan, who belongs to Alcoholics Anonymous, thinks the man is drunk, but Heather, who just watched a TV special on Michael J. Fox, thinks the man has Parkinson’s disease. These differing interpretations of the same behavior seem to be caused by Ethan and Heather’s differences in
Reasoning based on the ease with which we can bring something to mind involves the use of the __________ heuristic.
William is constantly searching for employment, but has yet to be hired. While William is outside in the unemployment line, a woman yells at him as she drives by, “Get a job, you lazy bum!” Her assumption about William is an example of the
When people make the fundamental attribution error, they tend to
The primacy effect involves using the ____ traits we perceive in others to understand additional information we learn about them.
When observers consider the extent to which different people respond in the same way toward a given stimulus, they are using ________ information.
Students in the United States seldom applaud after a lecture, whereas students in Europe often applaud or rap their knuckles on their desks. This cultural difference reflects the power of ________ to influence nonverbal communication.
The basic type of information people use about others to form impressions and understand them is
When people are distracted, they are more likely to fall prey to the fundamental attribution error. This occurs because internal attributions arise from ________, whereas external attributions arise from ________.
If research by Pronin and colleagues regarding the bias blind spot applies to you, who would you think is least susceptible to making self-serving attributions?
The fundamental attribution error occurs more often in ________ cultures.
Emma arrived late for her job interview, wore too much cologne, and forgot the interviewer’s name. Because of the _____, the interviewer formed a negative _____ of her.
When people make attributions, research has suggested that they rely less on consensus information than the covariation model suggests, and rely more heavily on
When Marnie met Phillip, he was drunk and loud. Now, months later, she still doesn’t like him very much, even though she recently found out the reason he was so drunk was because his cold medicine interacted with the alcohol. The lingering opinion of Phillip is a result of