PSYC 312 Quiz 6

PSYC 312 Quiz 6 Liberty University

  1. If you were an employer who wanted to increase volunteerismamong your employees, what strategy would you employ in order to increase the chances that the employees would continue to volunteer in the future?
  2. Allen volunteers to visit the homes of AIDS patients because those visits help him forget about his own problems. This is an example of ________ behavior.
  3. The concept of ________ refers to the idea that when no bystanders to a possible emergency appear to be concerned, other bystanders assume that nothing is wrong.
  4. Receiving help can lower a person’s self-esteem when the
  5. According to Latané and Darley (1970), a number of things must occur before witnesses decide to intervene in an emergency situation. According to this model, diffusion of responsibility is most likely to affect witnesses’
  6. The bystander effect refers to the finding that __________.
  7. Annie works with AIDS patients to get an idea of whether she wants to pursue social work as a career. Bert volunteers at a mental hospital to fulfill a class requirement. Stacey paints a mural for her old school because her sorority requires her to do a community service project. George helps the elderly prepare their income tax returns because his accounting firm will not give him a Christmas bonus if he does not volunteer. Who is most likely to engage in volunteer work again in the future?
  8. According to the urban overload hypothesis, people in cities should be less likely to help than people in small towns because
  9. Joseph was on the subway when he noticed a man lying slumped over on the seat. Joseph looked around at the other passengers, who seemed calm and unconcerned. Joseph concluded that the man was probably okay. However, the other passengers may have been looking around at Joseph, to see how he reacted. This would be an example of
  10. Given empirical support for the bystander effect (Latané & Darley, 1970), all things being equal, you would be more likely to get needed assistance were you to have a heart attack
  11. Researchers staged an incident in which a man fell down with a cry of pain and raised his pant leg to reveal a bloody injury. The staged scene was repeated in both rural and urban areas. When Amato counted the number of passersby who stopped to help the man, he found that
  12. One consequence of living by the Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you,” is that if you help those in need, they might return the favor someday. This idea is best represented by
  13. Helga stops and helps Bjorn change a flat tire along the road because she figures that one day she’ll need help and he will return the favor. This best illustrates the idea of
  14. Using the Bystander Intervention Decision Tree of the decisions bystanders make before helping (or not helping) in an emergency, which of the following is notone of the stages in the model?
  15. If you are in an emergency situation and need help, which of the following statements to a bystander is most likely to get you the help you need?
  16. According to information presented by the authors of your text, people who have lived in the same place longer tend to be more likely to help: why?
  17. Stemming from the urban overload hypothesis, consider what you would do in the following situation. You have just run over a nail with your car during a long road trip, but luckily you have run-flat tires and can drive up to fifty miles before your tire will deflate. Based on what you know from the urban overload hypothesis, where should you drive to if you were going to seek help from strangers for your tire?
  18. Marla has revised her will to ensure that upon her death, all of her functioning organs (corneas, liver, kidneys, heart, and so on) will be used to help transplant patients. She’s told no one about her actions, and expects nothing in return. This is an example of a(n) ________ behavior.
  19. A woman has just been in a car accident and needs someone to get her out of her car. A man has AIDS and needs someone to take him to the hospital for ongoing treatments. According to the research on gender differences in prosocial behavior, which of the following is most likely to be true?
  20. According to the authors of your text, the first step in deciding to help in an emergency is
  21. Andrew would be more likely to help than Carol in which of the following situations, based purely on the gender differences discussed by the authors of your text?
  22. Your text offers several challenges that evolutionary psychology has not been able to address. Which of the following would also challenge evolutionary rationales for helping behavior?
  23. The basic tenet of ________ is that when we feel empathy for another person’s plight, we will help that person regardless of what we may stand to gain.
  24. Every morning at the bus stop, Carlos encounters an old woman begging for change. She is clearly hungry and alone. Because Carlos feels very bad for this woman and can “feel her pain,” he makes a point of giving her some change each morning that he sees her. Which theoretical approach best explains Carlos’s behavior?
  25. Research has found an answer to the question of whether people will help out-group and in-group members. People help their in-group members because of _______ and out-group members because of _____.
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