PSYC 312 Quiz 1

PSYC 312 Quiz 1 Liberty University

  1. Of the following, which question is least likely to be asked by a social psychologist?
  2. Which of the following people have fallen prey to the fundamental attribution error?
  3. Professor Jaffrey believes that children learn to be polite when they are rewarded for saying things like “Please” and “Thank you.” Professor Jaffrey is most likely a ________ psychologist.
  4. Behaviorists believe that all learning is a result of __________.
  5. Which of the following questions is most likely to be asked by a social psychologist?
  6. Karen returns home from her first year of college and is very proud of her first-year GPA. She earned a 3.0 (B) average. She’s unhappily surprised to discover that her parents are disappointed that she didn’t perform better. This difference in interpretation illustrates the power of __________ in explaining social behavior.
  7. When we commit the fundamental attribution error, we ________ the power of ________.
  8. Tom saw a weight-loss program advertised on late-night television. He paid $100 for the program, but when he tried the exercises they made him nauseated and dizzy. He continued to endure the program for the full 10 weeks but did not lose an ounce. Still, he thought to himself, “I may not have lost weight, but I feel healthier.” This situation is best explained by
  9. When a psychologist discusses individual differences, she is discussing
  10. The tendency most people have to discount situational explanations of behavior in favor of personality characteristics or traits is called the __________.
  11. How people select, interpret, remember, and use information to make judgments and decisions is called __________.
  12. Jada gives William her dessert at lunch in the hopes that he will like her. Jada’s behavior is an example of
  13. Rather than relying on personal opinion, Dr. Walsh wants to answer his questions using experimentation and measurement. He is interested in asking __________ questions.
  14. Winstell is interested in studying prejudice, and devises a study in which Caucasian participants are led to believe that they are chatting electronically with an African-American participant. In reality, the participants are responding to another Caucasian participant, and she discloses this information to all participants at the end of the study. Dr. Winstell has used ________ in her study.
  15. The notion of “the basic dilemma of the social psychologist” refers to __________.
  16. Which of the following pairs of variables are most likely to be positively correlated?
  17. A researcher wants to see if there is a relationship between a person’s birth order and his or her leadership ability. The best method for answering this question would be
  18. __________ allows researchers to rule out differences among participants as the cause of differences in the dependent variable.
  19. One main reason why social psychologists may elect to use deception in their studies is that it
  20. If a researcher were to use deception as part of her experimental procedure, when would she explain the purpose of this deception to her participants?
  21. _________ is defined by the authors of your text as an experiment conducted in natural settings rather than in the laboratory.
  22. A researcher concludes that frustrating people by giving them a task that is impossible to complete causes them to behave more aggressively. Only __________ warrants this type of conclusion.
  23. One of the greatest advantages of surveys is that researchers
  24. Professor Swenson is interested in university students’ reactions to the death of a popular rock star. For two weeks, Professor Swenson spends one hour a day in a popular cafeteria, inconspicuously listening to students, joining in their conversations when the topic of the dead rock star comes up, and recording what the students have to say. Professor Swenson is conducting ________ research.
  25. Tony has been doing research on age and aggression. He has discovered that the older a person gets, the less likely he or she is to aggress against another person. What kind of relationship best describes Tony’s findings?
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