PSYC 210 Quiz 2

PSYC 210 Quiz 2 Liberty University Answers

Set 1 (Updated)

  1. Parents are told that their newborn is in the 90th percentile for height. This means that their child is _____.
  2. The new emotions that appear toward the end of a child’s second year are _____.
  3. “Do you want to play patty-cake?” Sofia asks her infant daughter. The baby responds by clapping her hands. In which stage of sensorimotor development is Sofia’s baby?
  4. Susan is a 21-month-old who has just begun to make two-word sentences. Her sentences already reveal the grammar of her native language, as she orders her nouns and verbs in the order that mature speakers of her language use. Chomsky would attribute Susan’s quick acquisition of grammatical rules to her _____.
  5. According to Piaget, a stage-five sensorimotor baby is like a _____.
  6. Binocular vision appears between _____ months of age.
  7. According to research, increased brainpower is most likely due to _____.
  8. Emotions that develop over the first two years of life are _____.
  9. A visual cliff is used to assess infants’ _____.
  10. The dozing, half-awake state often seen in newborns is called _____.
  11. Janice’s mother often lets her 6-month-old baby sit in front of the television, watching episodes of Sesame Street. What is Janice likely learning from the episodes she watches?
  12. Abed is an average toddler. His parents can expect him to utter his first multiword sentence around _____.
  13. At birth, the human brain has _____.
  14. Timo can detect the difference between displays of 8 and 16 dots, as revealed by a habituation test. Timo is at least how old?
  15. Behaviors that involve small body movements are known as _____ motor skills.
  16. Which child shows a secure attachment?
  17. Distal parenting tends to produce children who are _____.
  18. The last part of the brain to mature is the _____.
  19. Jimmy’s dad comes home from grocery shopping, sees Jimmy sitting on the sofa, and says, “Where’s that boy of mine?” Jimmy gives his dad a smile that spreads across his entire face, and his dad responds with an exaggerated surprised look. This is an example of _____.
  20. Children reach half their adult height by the age of _____ years.
  21. Mary hides Ramy’s favorite toy under a blanket while Ramy watches. Ramy removes the blanket and squeals when he sees the toy. Mary again hides the toy, but this time under a different blanket. Even though Ramy saw where Mary hid his toy, he still looks under the first blanket before removing the second blanket and retrieving the toy. Ramy has displayed _____.
  22. One-year-old Claire lives in a loving, but noisy, family home with her parents and four siblings. She receives much positive attention and has a trusting relationship with her family. According to Piaget, she will MOST likely develop _____.
  23. During the newborn period, the primary means of communication is _____.
  24. According to Erikson, failure to develop autonomy over one’s own actions is most closely identified with _____.
  25. Harris is a 3-week-old newborn. A test of habituation reveals that he prefers listening to his mother’s language over any other language. What is the best explanation for this? Harris _____.
  26. Four-month-old Tammi and 13-month-old Dawn are left with a babysitter. How will they react?
  27. An infant’s distress at seeing an unfamiliar person is called _____.
  28. Amy spontaneously says things such as “mamamamamama” and “dadadadadadada.” About how old is Amy likely to be?
  29. Newborns’ sense of touch allows them to _____.
  30. Brain weight triples in size during the first two years of life primarily because of the growth of _____.
  31. The mental processing of sensory information is called _____.
  32. From birth until age 2, dendrites in the cortex increase _____.
  33. James uses the word “more” to mean “I want another cookie.” In this case, “more” is a(n) _____.
  34. The neonate’s vision _____.
  35. The ability to move and control some parts of the body is referred to as _____.
  36. Baby Carrie’s father is holding her. She is smiling at him one minute and then, unexpectedly, she slaps his face. Since this is typical behavior for her, she may have which type of attachment?
  37. On average, children begin to walk well at approximately _____ of age.
  38. Children as young as _____ old exhibit signs of the own-race effect.
  39. _____ believes that caregivers have their own needs that can influence how they respond to infants.
  40. The average newborn triples his weight by _____.
  41. For which illness is an immunization NOT available?
  42. Alma brought her 6-month-old son to the doctor for a well-baby visit. The doctor says that her son’s weight is in the 20th percentile. What does this definitely mean?
  43. To test an infants’ depth perception, mothers attempt to lure their infants to cross a(n) _____,
  44. Which psychologist developed the Strange Situation test?
  45. Between 1950 and 2010, more than _____ children died before age 5.
  46. Which of the following is a language development that requires understanding another person’s perspective?
  47. The average baby will grow _____ inches in his or her first year.
  48. At approximately what age will a child begin to utter his or her first two-word sentences?
  49. When the immune system is primed to resist a particular disease, the process is called _____.
  50. Piaget would place an interesting toy under a cloth, in full view of the baby, to test _____.

Set 2

  1. Lyrissa lives in Africa. She is 9 months old and does not weigh enough due to malnutrition. Her tissues are wasting away. Lyrissa suffers from _____.
  2. Emotional reactions, especially those connected to self‐awareness, are partially dependent upon _____.
  3. A basic nerve cell in the central nervous system is called a(n) _____.
  4. What three factors contribute to the ability to walk?
  5. The human body is equipped to protect the brain when malnutrition temporarily affects body growth. This protective feature is known as _____.
  6. The last part of the brain to mature is the _____.
  7. Worldwide, only about 15 percent of infants receive daily care from _____.
  8. Which hormone is associated with encouraging caregiving behaviors?
  9. According to Erikson, failure to develop autonomy over one’s own actions is most closely identified with _____.
  10. Parents are told that their newborn is in the 90th percentile for height. This means that their child is _____.
  11. Peyton is a deaf baby whose parents have been communicating with him in American Sign Language. At about what age will Peyton express his first signs?
  12. Based on research about SIDS, caregivers are advised that babies should be _____.
  13. The language acquisition device (LAD) was proposed by Chomsky to explain _____.
  14. Erikson’s second stage of development is called _____.
  15. Chang participated in a research study when he was an infant, during which the researcher restrained his arms for two minutes. Which emotion did Chang likely experience?
  16. Which statement supports the sociocultural perspective of language learning?
  17. Newborns’ sense of touch allows them to _____.
  18. According to cognitive theory, infants use their early relationships to develop a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference that may be used later in life. Such a set of assumptions is called a _____.
  19. Pierce is a 2‐year‐old boy who loves his “lellow‐lee” (yellow blanket) and won’t take a nap without it. Pierce’s yellow blanket would be considered a(n) _____.
  20. When playing with their children, mothers are more likely than fathers to _____.
  21. Freud’s stage that takes place in the second year is called _____.
  22. In the United States, about 20 percent of infants are cared for _____ throughout their first year of life.
  23. According to Maslow, infancy begins with which kind of needs?
  24. A newborn’s brain weight is _____ an adult’s brain weight.
  25. According to traditional behaviorism, personality is _____.

Set 3

  1. Geraldo loves to climb, and there are many opportunities for him to do so around his home: on the bookshelf in the living room, the decorative rocks in the front yard, and the ladder for the slide at the park. Each of these opportunities is _____ for climbing.
  2. is the understanding that objects continue to exist when they cannot be seen.
  3. The behavior of an infant in sensorimotor stage four might best be described as _____.
  4. Roseanne is several hours old. Which of the following emotions is already apparent?
  5. Piaget referred to toddlers in sensorimotor stage five as _____.
  6. Whenever the eyes, ears, tongue, skin, or mouth detect a stimulus, a(n) _____ has occurred.
  7. For which illness is an immunization NOT available?
  8. Which theorist said that children learn language as a result of reinforcements given by parents and caregivers?
  9. A sign of secure attachment is when a child
  10. In Erikson’s theory, the infant’s earliest task is described as that of _____.
  11. Janice’s mother often lets her 6-month-old baby sit in front of the television, watching episodes of Sesame Street. What is Janice likely learning from the episodes she watches?
  12. Brain weight triples in size during the first two years of life primarily because of the growth of _____.
  13. The crucial aspect of synchrony is
  14. Attachment in infants is definitely evident by the age of _____.
  15. Clean water, immunizations, and nourishing food have all had a dramatic impact on _____.
  16. A child fixated in the oral stage may become an adult who _____.
  17. What are the four categories of temperament suggested by the New York Longitudinal Study?
  18. believes that caregivers have their own needs that can influence how they respond to infants.
  19. Synchrony depends on
  20. Between 13 and 18 months, infants add approximately _____ new words.
  21. During the sensorimotor stage, the child’s main task is to _____.
  22. Proximal parenting tends to produce children who are _____.
  23. Jordan’s weight is in the 50th percentile. This means that _____.
  24. Annalise is an adult who requires predictability and regularity in all aspects of her life. She eats the same breakfast every day, organizes her clothes by color in her closet, and gets distressed when the milk is put on the wrong shelf in the refrigerator. Annalise appears to be fixated at the _____ stage.
  25. The behavior of an infant in sensorimotor stage four might best be described as _____.
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