PSYC 210 Quiz 1

PSYC 210 Quiz 1 Liberty University Answers

Set 1 (Updated)

  1. A balloon popped and made Bobby cry. It happened again when he was at a friend’s birthday party. Now when Bobby sees a balloon he starts to cry. Bobby cries in response to the balloon because of _____.
  2. Approaches to toilet training have changed over time. At one point, it was suggested to parents to postpone toilet training until the child was at least a year old to avoid serious personality problems later on. This view is most consistent with _____.
  3. An individual with an extra chromosome on the 21st pair of chromosomes has _____.
  4. In the science of human development, “nurture” refers to _____.
  5. A perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data is _____.
  6. Sally is born with 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. Sally’s chances of survival are _____.
  7. Sally and Tim were planning on starting a family. Sally’s extended family have several sets of dizygotic twins. When speaking with their doctor, Sally asked what could cause her to have dizygotic twins. The doctor informed her that the likelihood of having dizygotic twins will be determined by _____.
  8. The one-celled zygote copies itself again and again and changes names as it multiplies. These names include all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  9. Most recessive genetic disorders are _____.
  10. Approaches to toilet training have changed over time. At one point it was suggested that parents toilet train whenever they wished, using reinforcement as part of the training. This view is most consistent with _____.
  11. Many obstetricians date the onset of pregnancy from the date of _____.
  12. A couple has been trying to conceive a child for 12 months. They decide to consult with a doctor who recommends that they consider using _____, in general, to try to conceive a child.
  13. According to Abraham Maslow, all people _____.
  14. Unlike Freud, Erikson _____.
  15. Sally has a dog at home so she knows about dogs. She is walking down the street and sees an animal walking toward her. The animal has four legs, fur, a tail, and is barking. Sally knows that these are characteristics of a dog given her knowledge of dogs. She quickly concludes that this animal is a dog. This example illustrated the Piagetian concept of _____.
  16. The phenomenon in which fathers experience symptoms of pregnancy and birth is known as _____.
  17. Timur and Juan are playing basketball. Timur shoots the ball and Juan blocks the shot. Timur says, “Wow, I didn’t realize how tall you were until you did that!” Timur’s comment refers to Juan’s _____.
  18. Ways in which chromosomal and genetic problems are relevant to human development include all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  19. The people in which group are DEFINITELY members of the same cohort?
  20. _____ cells are able to produce any other cells.
  21. According to Piaget, intellectual advancement occurs because of cognitive _____.
  22. Due to biological sex (XX or XY) women become drunk on _____ than men.
  23. Prenatally, development happens in a “near-to-far” pattern known as _____.
  24. Which of the following is an example of a single-gene disorder that is dominant?
  25. The second step in the scientific method involves _____.
  26. The first 22 chromosomes contain hundreds of genes in the same positions and sequence. If the code of the gene from one parent is exactly like the code on the same gene from the other parent, the gene pair is _____.
  27. The _____ was a worldwide effort to map the complete human genetic code.
  28. Agents and conditions that can harm the prenatal brain, impairing the future child’s intellectual and emotional functioning, are called _____.
  29. Vygotsky used the term _____ to describe how cognition is stimulated and developed in people by more skilled members of society.
  30. The general term for the techniques designed to help infertile couples conceive and then sustain a pregnancy is _____.
  31. Jackie rushed into the house after school and announced to her parents, “My personality is _____! So many genes make me who I am!”
  32. _____ emphasized unconscious drives and early experiences with respect to development, whereas _____ emphasized learning by understanding how a person thinks.
  33. Johnny is 12 years old and has been aggressive toward his siblings and peers, hitting, kicking, and calling them names. Johnny’s parents are worried about these new aggressive behaviors and consult with a psychologist, who suggests that this behavior could be a result of watching too many violent movies and playing too many violent videogames. The psychologist’s explanation for the aggression is consistent with _____.
  34. The approach to cognitive development that describes cognition with details of the cognitive process instead of stages is called _____ theory.
  35. Critics of behaviorism argue that the theory _____.
  36. Who was a cognitive theorist?
  37. With respect to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, the more difficult cognitive adaptation is _____.
  38. Robin has always had a difficult time remembering things. She went to a psychologist, and underwent tests concluding that the way she senses input and then stores the information is interfering with her ability to recall the information. This explanation for Robin’s memory difficulties is consistent with _____.
  39. When infants turn their heads and suck in response to a touch on the cheek, they are demonstrating the _____.
  40. A correlation is considered to be zero if _____.
  41. The boss praised his hourly employees for their good work. The boss hopes that the praise encourages the employees to continue to work hard. In this example, the reinforcement is _____.
  42. For centuries, men have needed women to be sexually faithful to ensure that her children are also his offspring. Which theory is most consistent with this explanation for faithfulness among romantic partners?
  43. Which mother is at greatest risk of having a child with a chromosomal abnormality?
  44. Babies born under 1,000 grams (2 pounds 3 ounces) are considered _____.
  45. Behaviorists believe that psychologists should focus on _____.
  46. Theorists who promote classical conditioning believe that learned behavior is the result of _____, whereas theorists who promote operant conditioning believe that learned behavior is the result of _____.
  47. The third period of gestation is the _____ period.
  48. The Apgar scale is used at one minute and five minutes after birth to _____.
  49. The so-called “new” theories, unlike the grand theories, are multicultural and multidisciplinary. Evolutionary theory, for example, draws on all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  50. An explanation of facts and observations defined by a set of concepts and ideas that organize phenomena is a _____.

Set 2

  1. A perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data is _____.
  2. The _____ is the person’s appearance, behavior, and brain and body functions.
  3. One historical example of the “different‐equals‐deficit error” is _____.
  4. Justin and Jacob are identical twins. They are the result of _____.
  5. About _____ percent of natural conceptions never implant.
  6. Dizygotic twins have _____ of their genes in common.
  7. The third step in the scientific method involves _____.
  8. With respect to prenatal development, teratogens _____.
  9. Low folic acid during pregnancy can result in _____.
  10. Almost every trait is _____, which means it is affected by many genes.
  11. Labor that is started, speeded, or strengthened with a drug is referred to as _____.
  12. According to Vygotsky, the skills, knowledge, and concepts that the learner is close to acquiring but cannot yet master without help is referred to as _____.
  13. During the germinal period of prenatal development, some cells become part of the brain, some become part of the leg, and some become part of the stomach, etc. The term for this process is _____.
  14. Sammy is 5 years old and spends his day in a wheelchair, assisted by an aide. Sammy can’t control any of his muscles due to brain damage, but he is extremely intelligent. Sammy’s condition has been evident since birth. Sammy has _____.
  15. Jenny just learned that she is 6 weeks pregnant. She is in the _____ period of prenatal development.
  16. The longest period of prenatal development is the _____ period.
  17. If a researcher watches 1‐week‐old babies and records how many times they open and close their eyes while lying in their cribs, he is most likely using _____.
  18. When a baby is born, the zygote has become about _____ trillion cells.
  19. By the end of the ____prenatal month, sex organs develop and are soon visible via ultrasound.
  20. The most common extra‐chromosome condition is _____.
  21. The idea that human development is an ongoing ever‐changing interaction between the body, mind, and every aspect of the environment is known as the _____.
  22. After about the eight‐cell stage within the zygote, cells start to _____, meaning that they take different forms and reproduce at various rates depending on where they are located.
  23. Within Maslow’s hierarchy, the correct order of needs from lowest to highest is _____.
  24. When an ova is surgically removed from an ovary, fertilized in a glass lab dish, and then inserted into the uterus, this process is referred to as _____.
  25. A baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected given the time since conception is referred to as _____.

Set 3

  1. refers to a trait that is affected by many factors, both genetic and environmental, that enhance, halt, shape, or alter the expression of genes, resulting in a phenotype that may differ markedly from the genotype.
  2. Parents of newborn Renata are amazed at their daughter’s responsiveness and reflexes when a professional administers the
  3. To determine if vitamin D consumption causes the progress of multiple sclerosis to slow, a researcher would most likely use
  4. The people in which group are DEFINITELY members of the same cohort?
  5. Which statement about scientific observation is true?
  6. Cigarette smoking is implicated in _____ percent of all low-birthweight births worldwide.
  7. The modeling of behavior is more likely to occur when the model is all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  8. The critical factor in attaining the age of viability is
  9. Unlike Freud, Erikson
  10. The statistic that indicates how much of the variation in a particular trait can be traced to genes is called
  11. A correlation does not indicate that one variable causes the other to occur; rather, it indicates that there is a _____ between the two variables.
  12. A small section of a chromosome that is the basic unit for the transmission of heredity is a _____.
  13. The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm and ovum, is called a
  14. The name of the full set of genes that provides the instructions for making living organisms is the
  15. According to Piaget, when old ideas are restructured to include new experiences it is called _____.
  16. The idea that human development results from the dynamic interaction between developing persons and their surrounding society is the central thesis of
  17. Which cognitive theorist emphasized the cultural context?
  18. A teratogen is any agent or condition that increases the risk for
  19. Observational learning is also called
  20. The process by which living creatures (including people) adjust to their environment is referred to as
  21. cells are able to produce any other cells.
  22. Empirical evidence is based on
  23. Every person begins life as a single cell, which is called a
  24. The fourth step in the scientific method involves
  25. The head begins to take shape in the _____ week after conception.

Set 3

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