PSYC 210 Quiz 3

PSYC 210 Quiz 3 Liberty University Answers

Set 1 (Updated)

  1. Compared to children who did not attend an intensive early intervention program, longitudinal studies showed that the children who did participate _____.
  2. Micah attends a preschool where there is a high teacher/child ratio and ample opportunity for creative expression. He is engaged in a long-term art project that he chose in which he is making dinosaurs out of clay. Which child-centered approach does Micah’s preschool most closely resemble?
  3. A study of 5-year-old children in Milwaukee showed that those who attended a Montessori preschool were more advanced in _____ skills than those who did not attend.
  4. Each time Juan puts a puzzle together, his father gives him a little less help. Which theorist would be MOST pleased with Juan’s father?
  5. A few days ago, Hester’s parents disciplined her because she refused to eat her green beans. Today when her parents announced that they were going to get a divorce, Hester cried, “Is it because I was bad? I’ll be good!” Hester’s conclusion that her failure to eat her green beans is the reason her parents are getting divorced displays Hester’s _____.
  6. A key factor that strengthens a preschooler’s cognition is _____.
  7. Developmentalists who focus on children’s thinking about sex roles as opposed to the children’s observable behaviors are _____ theorists.
  8. What is one implication of urbanization for gross motor skill development?
  9. If the 2010 study of children in Western Canada is accurate, parents need to worry more about their children’s exposure to _____ than their exposure to _____.
  10. The specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain is called _____.
  11. The ability to play Simon Says successfully appears to be directly related to the development of the _____ cortex.
  12. When shown a novel object and told that it is called a “wug,” preschoolers know that two of those objects would be two “wugs.” This ability to correctly add an -s when pluralizing is evidence of their proper use of _____.
  13. To ensure adequate nutrition and vitamin intake, what is recommended?
  14. Billy and Rodney are both building with construction bricks. They are sitting apart, each with his own set of bricks. What type of play is this?
  15. What is one of the functions peers provide in active play?
  16. Sylvia wants to keep her son from getting cavities, so she lets him drink diet soda instead of regular soda. Her dentist tells her that her strategy won’t work because diet soda _____.
  17. Jaspreet frequently plays the piano whenever her family has guests because she enjoys the praise and attention that she receives. When alone, however, Jaspreet rarely plays the piano. Jaspreet’s motivation _____.
  18. What was Maria Montessori’s objective when she created her preschool?
  19. Benjy is a preschooler. He can put a dish into the microwave and press the “2” button to cook for 2 minutes. One day he sees his mother wipe the front of the microwave with a damp paper towel before she presses a number button. After that, Benjy rubs the front of the microwave with a napkin before he presses the number button. Why?
  20. When children hear a new word in a familiar context, they can simply add the word to the general category without fully understanding the word. This is called _____.
  21. Logical extension involves _____.
  22. A 2-year-old human’s brain is _____ percent of the adult brain’s weight.
  23. Nine-year-old Bobby has no problem understanding that the 20-year-old woman who sometimes stays with him is both a student and a babysitter. According to Piaget, this is because Bobby’s thinking has moved beyond _____.
  24. The preeminent psychosocial accomplishment between the ages of 2 and 6 is learning when and how to _____.
  25. Marilynn is ready to learn how to play catch. Which of the following is the model from whom Marilynn would learn best?
  26. Erikson called the psychosocial developmental stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age _____.
  27. An example of a fine motor skill is _____.
  28. Which of the following is most likely the difference between the brain of Tarik, a 2-year-old, and Jim, his father?
  29. When Jennie sees her third-grade teacher in the grocery store, she is shocked to see her outside of school. This is likely due to Jennie’s _____.
  30. Austin’s parents neglected him, and the court determined that he needed to be removed from their care while his parents dealt with the issues that led to his neglect. He was placed with his aunt, who provided _____.
  31. Authoritarian parents often _____.
  32. The process through which axons become coated with a fatty substance that speeds up the transmission of nerve impulses is called _____.
  33. In Freudian theory, a little boy who develops sexual feelings toward his mother and becomes jealous of his father is experiencing _____.
  34. Jose is a Mexican child. His parents are most likely to encourage him to regulate his _____.
  35. Parents of a typical 5-year-old girl in America are MOST likely to say _____.

Set 2

  1. Children who have peers to actively play with tend to _____.
  2. Child‐centered programs are often influenced by the theories of _____ and _____.
  3. Two‐year‐old Julia repeatedly exclaims, “Me do it!” when her mother tries to help her. Although this behavior is frustrating, her mother understands that doing things independently will develop Julia’s sense of _____.
  4. Parents of a typical 5‐year‐old girl in America are MOST likely to say _____.
  5. Researchers had children sort picture cards by shape. Then they asked the same children to sort the same cards by color. They found that children under the age of 4 _____.
  6. A parenting style characterized by high parent‐to‐child communication, low warmth, and high expectations of maturity is _____.
  7. At what age do MOST children without older siblings develop theory of mind?
  8. Beverly and her mother were shopping for a birthday gift for Beverly’s father. “How about this? Daddy would love it!” Beverly exclaimed, showing her mother a pink and purple toy horse with flowing mane and tail. Beverly’s belief that her father would enjoy a toy that she herself would enjoy is an example of _____.
  9. Annelle’s usual bedtime is 8:30 P.M., and her parents enforce this rule. One evening, Annelle is watching an educational program that ends at 9 P.M. She asks her parents if she can stay up to watch the end of the show. Her parents agree to let her stay up as long as she gets up in time for school in the morning. Which parenting style are Annelle’s parents demonstrating?
  10. Preschoolers often have trouble tying their shoelaces because they have inadequate _____.
  11. Writing your name is a _____, whereas kicking a ball is a(n) _____.
  12. While attending a carnival at Jia’s preschool, Jia’s mother told her, “Stay here while I get us some cookies over there.” Instead of waiting where she was, Jia followed her mother to the cookie table. What is the best explanation for Jia’s behavior?
  13. Logical extension involves _____.
  14. Billy and Rodney are both building with construction bricks. They are sitting apart, each with his own set of bricks. What type of play is this?
  15. School buses have flashing lights on them as a form of _____ prevention.
  16. One of the benefits of children having imaginary friends is _____.
  17. An evaluation of Head Start found that benefits were MOST apparent for children _____.
  18. Humans seek reasons, causes, and underlying principles to explain the world around them. The research term for this tendency is _____.
  19. Evelyn dropped a tiny spot of ketchup on her pants during lunch. Even though her teacher was able to completely remove the spot, Evelyn is crying hysterically and says that she wants to go home because her outfit is ruined. Her behavior demonstrates the characteristic of preoperational thought known as _____.
  20. _____ are marked by excessive guilt, withdrawal, or fearfulness.
  21. Elise is beginning to learn how to write. She can hold a pencil in one hand and steady the paper with her other hand. This new ability to coordinate the duties of her right and left hands is likely due to _____.
  22. Children who lack self‐control are most likely to have parents who have the _____ parenting style.
  23. In Freudian theory, a little boy who develops sexual feelings toward his mother and becomes jealous of his father is experiencing _____.
  24. Stress can lead to weight gain since having too much cortisol in one’s bloodstream has been associated with increased abdominal fat. Cortisol is the hormone released by the _____ when a person is stressed.
  25. Preschool programs are called “child‐centered” when they stress children’s _____.
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