Children who have peers to actively play with tend to _____.
Child‐centered programs are often influenced by the theories of _____ and _____.
Two‐year‐old Julia repeatedly exclaims, “Me do it!” when her mother tries to help her. Although this behavior is frustrating, her mother understands that doing things independently will develop Julia’s sense of _____.
Parents of a typical 5‐year‐old girl in America are MOST likely to say _____.
Researchers had children sort picture cards by shape. Then they asked the same children to sort the same cards by color. They found that children under the age of 4 _____.
A parenting style characterized by high parent‐to‐child communication, low warmth, and high expectations of maturity is _____.
At what age do MOST children without older siblings develop theory of mind?
Beverly and her mother were shopping for a birthday gift for Beverly’s father. “How about this? Daddy would love it!” Beverly exclaimed, showing her mother a pink and purple toy horse with flowing mane and tail. Beverly’s belief that her father would enjoy a toy that she herself would enjoy is an example of _____.
Annelle’s usual bedtime is 8:30 P.M., and her parents enforce this rule. One evening, Annelle is watching an educational program that ends at 9 P.M. She asks her parents if she can stay up to watch the end of the show. Her parents agree to let her stay up as long as she gets up in time for school in the morning. Which parenting style are Annelle’s parents demonstrating?
Preschoolers often have trouble tying their shoelaces because they have inadequate _____.
Writing your name is a _____, whereas kicking a ball is a(n) _____.
While attending a carnival at Jia’s preschool, Jia’s mother told her, “Stay here while I get us some cookies over there.” Instead of waiting where she was, Jia followed her mother to the cookie table. What is the best explanation for Jia’s behavior?
Logical extension involves _____.
Billy and Rodney are both building with construction bricks. They are sitting apart, each with his own set of bricks. What type of play is this?
School buses have flashing lights on them as a form of _____ prevention.
One of the benefits of children having imaginary friends is _____.
An evaluation of Head Start found that benefits were MOST apparent for children _____.
Humans seek reasons, causes, and underlying principles to explain the world around them. The research term for this tendency is _____.
Evelyn dropped a tiny spot of ketchup on her pants during lunch. Even though her teacher was able to completely remove the spot, Evelyn is crying hysterically and says that she wants to go home because her outfit is ruined. Her behavior demonstrates the characteristic of preoperational thought known as _____.
_____ are marked by excessive guilt, withdrawal, or fearfulness.
Elise is beginning to learn how to write. She can hold a pencil in one hand and steady the paper with her other hand. This new ability to coordinate the duties of her right and left hands is likely due to _____.
Children who lack self‐control are most likely to have parents who have the _____ parenting style.
In Freudian theory, a little boy who develops sexual feelings toward his mother and becomes jealous of his father is experiencing _____.
Stress can lead to weight gain since having too much cortisol in one’s bloodstream has been associated with increased abdominal fat. Cortisol is the hormone released by the _____ when a person is stressed.
Preschool programs are called “child‐centered” when they stress children’s _____.