PSYC 210 Quiz 4

PSYC 210 Quiz 4 Liberty University Answers

Set 1 (Updated)

  1. Research suggests that classrooms deprived of _____ are often considered harder to manage.
  2. With respect to teacher expectations for academic success among children, _____.
  3. To retain information in working memory, individuals must _____.
  4. Children who are diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder can vary in the type and range of symptoms they display, but all children with an autism spectrum disorder have _____.
  5. Historically, children who were identified as gifted and talented were taught with children of the same mental age, not their chronological age. This practice was called _____, but it is seldom used today.
  6. Over the past few decades, the rates of ADHD have _____ in the United States.
  7. John has repeatedly been calling Joe names. John also teases him about his haircut and his clothes. The type of bullying that John is displaying is _____.
  8. The child who weathers severe family problems, even abuse, and yet emerges from those experiences unscathed is said to be _____.
  9. During middle childhood, children understand all of these aspects of language EXCEPT _____.
  10. Malik and Anastasia have been married one year and now have a 15-month-old son. Their chances of a successful marriage are better if they _____.
  11. A body of knowledge in a particular area that makes it easier to master new information in that area is referred to as knowledge _____.
  12. Vygotsky viewed _____ as being crucial to children’s development of skills and knowledge.
  13. When capable of concrete operational thought, children _____.
  14. By the end of middle childhood, the capacity of long-term memory is _____.
  15. Childhood obesity is usually defined as a BMI above the _____ percentile.
  16. Liza is asked whether a person should steal food if they are starving. Liza says no, the person should ask for help and someone would offer food. Liza’s answer is BEST explained by _____.
  17. Which learning disability is characterized by unusual difficulty with reading?
  18. Treatment of childhood disorders can be difficult because _____.
  19. Jane is in the third grade but reads at the level of a preschooler. Jane’s teacher thinks that she reverses letters and may have _____.
  20. Approximately what percent of the world’s 7-year-olds are in school?
  21. Which family function is especially crucial in middle childhood?
  22. Gerald was diagnosed with ADHD at an early age. Throughout school he had extreme academic difficulties, though he excelled at art. When he graduated from high school he started a career as an artist and quickly began to sell his work and achieved critical acclaim. As an adult he was experiencing life success even though he still had symptoms of ADHD. Which of the four general principles of developmental psychopathology does this example best illustrate?
  23. The percentage of school-age children that live in single-parent households is _____.
  24. Alice is 7 years old and comes from a low-SES family. Compared to her peers from higher-SES families, she has difficulty with language learning in school. According to current research, one factor that may be contributing to Alice’s language learning difficulty is her lack of _____.
  25. The most common type of family for children in the United States is the _____.
  26. Many psychoactive drugs are prescribed to children to treat numerous mental health conditions such as ADHD, depression, and anxiety even though they have not been thoroughly tested on children. Therefore, the use of these drugs for children is referred to as _____.
  27. According to Piaget, a child between the ages of 6 and 11 can apply logical principles to _____.
  28. Tony came to walk with José to school. When José saw Tony’s notebook in his backpack, José rushed back into his house to retrieve his own notebook, which contained his homework. José’s sensation upon seeing Tony’s notebook became a perception, which triggered José’s _____.
  29. The information-processing theory was inspired by the knowledge of how _____ function.
  30. Joshua and Jeanette are brother and sister who live with their biological parents. They live in a(n) _____.
  31. Adults living in the United States but born elsewhere have lower rates of obesity than do the native born, and the children of these immigrants have _____ obesity rates.
  32. Who is MOST likely to experience few psychological problems during middle childhood?
  33. The process by which a sequence of thoughts and action makes the sequence routine, so that it no longer requires conscious thought, is referred to as _____.
  34. When one assesses one’s abilities, achievements, social status, and other attributes by measuring them against one’s peers, one is engaging in _____.
  35. The research on methods for teaching a second language reveals _____.
  36. Which is a stage of moral reasoning in Kohlberg’s theory?
  37. The belief that children’s immune systems need to be exposed to viruses and bacteria in order to strengthen them, but that children are overprotected from this exposure, is called the _____.
  38. In the United States, about ____ percent of children saw a dentist for preventive care in the previous year.
  39. Alvin was a bully for years during elementary school. Now that he is an adult, he is more likely to experience all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  40. What is the main international test of reading given to students?
  41. In the United States, public schools that set their own standards, are licensed by the state, and receive funding from private money and sponsors are _____ schools.
  42. Developing self-respect, nurturing friendships with peers, and encouraging learning are three of the _____.
  43. Children’s “increasing ability to regulate themselves, to take responsibility, and to exercise self-control” contributes to their _____.
  44. Critics say that _____ weaken public schools, but advocates argue that they increase competition between public and private schools and lead to a better education for all.
  45. School-age children would most admire _____.
  46. Emma studied for the spelling test all week and spelled each of the tested words correctly. Emma’s ability to do well on her spelling test was based on her ability to _____.
  47. The U.S. law, enacted in 2001, that aimed to increase educational accountability by requiring states to qualify for funding based on standardized measures of achievement is referred to as _____.
  48. Which factor contributes to increases in a child’s knowledge base?
  49. Nine-year-old Pete sorted screws, bolts, and nails into three piles by type. He is able to correctly sort the objects into separate piles because of the logical principle of _____.
  50. According to Kohlberg _____ is what advances a person’s morality.

Set 2

  1. Beth is taking the TIMSS, which is the international test of _____.
  2. Abbreviations (such as LOL, BTW, and RU) in text messages and e‐mails is an example of _____.
  3. All of the following have been identified as problems with diagnosing ADHD EXCEPT _____.
  4. Jordan is asked to list all of the people in his family. He is being asked to report his _____.
  5. The belief that children’s immune systems need to be exposed to viruses and bacteria in order to strengthen them, but that children are overprotected from this exposure, is called the _____.
  6. Bullying differs from ordinary aggression because bullying attacks are _____.
  7. John has the ability to talk informally with his friends and more formally to his teachers during class. Clearly John understands the _____.
  8. Since Carter’s mother suffers from depression and his father is an alcoholic, Carter is often neglected, but he has a supportive group of friends. Despite his circumstances, he maintains a positive outlook. What may be helping Carter to maintain his positive attitude?
  9. Which statement about the difference between a 4‐year‐old and a 9‐year‐old is TRUE?
  10. Nine‐year‐old Brian was invited to be part of the basketball team but his friend Alex was not. Brian thinks that Alex is a good basketball player. Brian is evaluating the situation and trying to decide if it was fair. What helps Brian with this decision is _____.
  11. Traditionally in the United States, most private schools were operated by _____.
  12. Many psychoactive drugs are prescribed to children to treat numerous mental health conditions such as ADHD, depression, and anxiety even though they have not been thoroughly tested on children. Therefore, the use of these drugs for children is referred to as _____.
  13. Which is a stage of moral reasoning in Kohlberg’s theory?
  14. Olivia is an extremely timid and anxious 8‐year‐old girl. Other children seem to dislike her. She appears to be a(n) _____.
  15. Carla is usually good because she is afraid that she will be punished if she isn’t. Carla is at which level of Kohlberg’s view of moral development?
  16. Children who are diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder can vary in the type and range of symptoms they display, but all children with an autism spectrum disorder have _____.
  17. The logical principle that allows objects to be grouped according to some characteristic that they share is called _____.
  18. Physical activity can benefit children in all of the following ways EXCEPT by improving _____.
  19. When capable of concrete operational thought, children _____.
  20. Ten‐year‐old India caught Lyndsey, her best friend, lying to her own mom. India will probably _____.
  21. With respect to families today worldwide, all of the following are true statements EXCEPT _____.
  22. The research on methods for teaching a second language reveals _____.
  23. With respect to teacher expectations for academic success among children, _____.
  24. In 1975 the Education of All Handicapped Children Act stipulated that children with special needs must be educated in the _____.
  25. Lawrence Kohlberg built on the theories of _____ in his description of the stages of moral development.

Set 3

  1. When children act as parents and try to take care of everyone, it is called _____.
  2. The component of the information-processing system in which virtually limitless amounts of information can be stored indefinitely is
  3. Children usually have all of their permanent teeth by
  4. By the end of middle childhood, the capacity of long-term memory is _____.
  5. Preconventional morality involves
  6. Vygotsky might argue that all of the following could be an instructor to a 6-year-old child EXCEPT
  7. Originally, a person’s mental age and chronological age were factors used to determine his or her
  8. Over the past few decades, the rates of ADHD have _____ in the United States.
  9. Which of the following is not an example of a control process?
  10. A document for children with special needs that specifies their educational goals is known as a(n)
  11. Todd runs around the classroom, can’t seem to sit still or concentrate, and is easily excited. With which disorder might Todd be diagnosed?
  12. Most nations have exhibited substantial increases in IQ scores during the past century. This phenomenon is called the
  13. In middle childhood, the experience of moving to a new neighborhood or community is _____.
  14. Often a symptom can have multiple causes. This is known as _____.
  15. What period is the prime time for moral development?
  16. What allows children to master the ability to read?
  17. When 9-year-old children were asked to choose between retribution and restitution for a punishment
  18. Public subsidy for tuition payment at a non-public school is referred to as a _____.
  19. Seven-year-old Henry has been diagnosed with both ADHD and bipolar disorder. Which term applies to Henry having both conditions?
  20. Some children of every ethnicity are classified as _____, based on their proficiency in English.
  21. Malik and Anastasia have been married one year and now have a 15-month-old son. Their chances of a successful marriage are better if they
  22. Which factor contributes to the decline in neighborhood play among children?
  23. Conventional morality involves
  24. What is the primary international test of science and math?
  25. Repeated, systematic attacks on those who are unable to defend themselves is the definition of
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