PHIL 240 Quiz 3

PHIL 240 Quiz 3 Liberty University

  1. The criterion of embarrassment provides a strong point of support for the authenticity of the gospel accounts, especially given that all four gospels say that women (who were not considered credible witnesses in that society) were the first ones to the empty tomb and the first to learn that Jesus was raised from the dead.
  2. In this search, a real attempt is made to do history without letting theological assumptions predominate over historical method.
  3. The fact that the gospel of Mark is attributed to Mark as author and not to Peter (the source that Mark used) is a strong support for the authenticity of the book.
  4. The fact that the Gospels have several differences is actually evidence of their authenticity, and demonstrates that they were not produced in collusion with one another.
  5. The one below that is the major distinction of the third search:
  6. The four Gospels in the New Testament were originally anonymous.
  7. “Canon” is an English transliteration of the Greek word meaning inspired or “God-breathed.”
  8. The fact that the Gospels have several differences is actually evidence of their authenticity and demonstrates that they were not produced in collusion with one another.
  9. The recollections of the disciples regarding the events and words of Jesus were primarily collective memories subject to eyewitness verification.
  10. The early church universally accepted the 27 books of the New Testament as scripture by the close of the second century AD.
  11. The proper view of canonicity states that the early church determined the 27 books of the New Testament based upon the apostolic authority resting with the church.
  12. Ancient historians were not as concerned with exact quotations as they were in getting the gist of the message correct.
  13. Memorization was so important in the culture of Jesus’ disciples that it is proper to expect that they memorized verbatim the words of Jesus and that these words are exactly recorded decades later in the written gospels.
  14. Type of criticism that examines the early literary sources behind the gospel accounts:
  15. The early church universally accepted the 27 books of the New Testament as scripture by the close of the second century AD.
  16. Memorization was so important in the culture of Jesus’ disciples that it is proper to expect that they memorized verbatim the words of Jesus and that these words are exactly recorded decades later in the written gospels.
  17. Many of the Eastern Church fathers expanded the list of New Testament books to include many books no longer considered canonical.
  18. An examination of the New Testament indicates that the early church was very quick to put an apostle’s name on anonymous books as a means to authenticate the authority of these books.
  19. Discerning which books belong in the Bible and how we can tell is called canonization.
  20. In the realm of biblical scholarship, the word “criticism” relates to research and assessment rather than a negative attitude.
  21. In the realm of biblical scholarship, the word “criticism” relates to research and assessment rather than a negative attitude.
  22. The character and message of the “Gnostic” gospels is strikingly similar to that of the canonical gospels.
  23. The character and message of the “Gnostic” gospels is strikingly similar to that of the canonical gospels.
  24. In answering the question as to why there was a “delay” in the writing of the gospels, it is vitally important to remember that the oral proclamation of the gospel was of primary concern to leaders of the church in the first few decades after Christ’s ministry on earth.
  25. According to critical scholars, the fact that Jesus said things which were unique and dissimilar to the Judaic teachings of his day should argue in favor of the authenticity of his words as represented in the written gospels. However, they are not very consistent in the application of this rule.
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