PHIL 240 Quiz 2

PHIL 240 Quiz 2 Liberty University

  1. Moral values and duties exist independently from God.
  2. Ad Hocexplanations are generally considered weak and not looked upon favorably.
  3. The moral argument for God’s existence is based on the initial premise: “If God does not exist, then objective moral values and duties do not exist.”
  4. The criterion for a best explanation that considers quantity of facts accounted for by an explanation is referred to as
  5. The kalamcosmological argument states (as its first premise) that everything that begins to exist has a cause. Therefore, God does not require a “cause” because he did not begin to exist at a point in time.
  6. In regard to the universe, the term “fine-tuned” simply means that the universe was designed for a purpose.
  7. The evidentialversion of the atheistic argument from suffering is based on improbability, not impossibility.
  8. According to Craig, the standard big bang model predicts an absolute beginning of the universe.
  9. One of the strongest arguments in support of the existence of God is the resurrection of Jesus. If the resurrection of Jesus happened, then it follows that God exists.
  10. Premise 1 of Al-Ghazali’s argument states that everything has a cause.
  11. One of the strongest arguments in support of the existence of God is the resurrection of Jesus. If the resurrection of Jesus happened, then it follows that God exists.
  12. The kalamcosmological argument enjoys the benefit of sharing a common belief in creation between Christians, Jews, and Muslims.
  13. Traditional theism believes that God is eternal and uncaused, while atheism has traditionally argued that the universe is eternal and uncaused.
  14. Premise 1 of Al-Ghazali’s argument states that everything has a cause.
  15. The second law of thermodynamics suggests that an infinite past would result in the universe having already reached a state of equilibrium.
  16. According to Craig, the argument from intelligent design is based on the initial premise that the fine-tuning of the universe is due to either physical necessity, chance, or design.
  17. According to Craig, although at a superficial level suffering calls into question God’s existence, at a deeper level suffering actually proves God’s existence.
  18. Moral values and duties exist independently from God.
  19. According to Craig, although at a superficial level suffering calls into question God’s existence, at a deeper level suffering actually proves God’s existence.
  20. The “ Kalam” cosmological argument is based in a belief that the universe had a beginning.
  21. The design argument concludes that the fine-tuned universe is better explained by design than by necessity or chance.
  22. The moral argument for God’s existence I based on the initial premise: “If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist.”
  23. The illustration of “Hilbert’s Hotel” demonstrates that the existence of an actually infinite number of things is absurd.
  24. The idea that moral values exist without any foundation is called “atheistic moral Platonism.”
  25. The idea that moral values exist without any foundation is called “atheistic moral Platonism.”
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