Failed efforts and backsliding are not addressed in TMC.
The initial step in intervening to promote behavior change is to identify the person’s stage of change.
Which one is NOT the characteristic of Transtheoretical model of Change (TMC)?
Based on the following scenario, which TMC stage should Betty be classified in? Betty smokes daily and would like to finally quit smoking. However, Betty has tried to quit smoking several times before but consistently relapses into her old smoking habits.
Which of the following is not a process of change?
A single intervention is not the best approach for an entire population because people in that population will be distributed across the stages of readiness to change their behavior.
Determining a person’s stage is a vital part of the public health process and can easily be determined by asking a few simple questions.
The transtheoretical model of change is used to explain why people change their behavior.
The main objective of the Stage paradigm, and its primary difference from the value-expectancy theories is _______1_________. This is thought to be effective because ______2_______.
Stage theories are differentiated from value expectancy theories in that they describe how people change behaviors.
The TMC provides a useful theoretical framework for developing interventional studies, but not observational (cross-sectional or longitudinal) studies.
In which stage of the TMC does the construct known as decisional balance belong?
A steep probability discounting curve reflects a high level of
Behavioral economics uncovers the rational choices that underlie all decisions
A shallow delay discounting curve reflects a low level of
Probability discounting curves reveal the maximum a person would be willing to spend for a commodity
A steep probability discounting curve reflects a low level of
An example of a strategy in contingency management is assisting a person develop mutually-exclusive alternative leisure activities.
A steep delay discounting curve reflects a high level of
Behavioral economics integrates psychology and economics
In demand curve analysis, Pmax refers to
In demand curve analysis, breakpoint refers to
A behavioral economic approach to health behavior seeks to understand ______________ decision-making
In demand curve analysis, Intensity refers to
A key assumption of Social Cognitive Theory is that the social environment influences the behavior in which it occurs.
Which choices lead to greater self-efficacy?
Enactive Attainment is best described as:
Content knowledge is the more advanced type of knowledge which involves how to do a specific health behavior.
Both self-efficacy and outcome expectations are based on perceptions.
When positive reinforcements are socially structured they are termed extrinsic.
According to the social cognitive theory, knowledge is just a “gateway” that must be passed before more complex personal and social issues come into play.
Expectancies and self-efficacy principally drive behavior change.
Social Cognitive Theory, originally Social Learning Theory, was originally developed to explain health behavior.
Social Cognitive Theory asserts that goals are best achieved by breaking Long-term goals down into shorter sub-goals.
Verbal persuasion will be more effective when self-efficacy is low.
Self-efficacy is not task-specific.
What is collective self-efficacy?
Imhotep is credited with writing the earliest recorded public health code.
In the writings of which of the following early civilizations is the earliest true public health code found?
For research purposes “religion” is best defined in terms of actual practices rather than beliefs.
All of the following theoretical constructs have been proposed by recent researchers to explain the association between religious activity and health except
The Hebrews were unique among the ancient civilizations to emphasize prevention over treatment for health-related behaviors.
The book of Leviticus contains what has been recognized as the earliest recorded public health code.
An example of environmental stewardship mentioned in the Bible is
Imhotep is recognized by modern medical historians as the “first physician.”
Though not a textbook of medicine, the Bible provides guidance for healthy living by all of the following ways except
All of the following modern public health practices were included by Moses in the book of Leviticus except
When examining the cultural context or “packaging” of a passage of Scripture, it is important to distinguish _________from_________ before concluding that the message is directed to you and requires action on your part.
In which of the following early civilizations was faith and health comingled, either as overt activities or as explanations for health and healing?
Research reveals a strong positive association between church attendance and reduced mortality.