HLTH 509 Quiz 3 Applied Ecological

HLTH 509 Quiz 3: Applied Ecological Approaches and Research

Covers the Textbook material from Module 5: Week 5 – Module 6: Week 6.

  1. Structural Model of Behavior emphasizes environmental influences of behavior: availability, physical structures, social structures, and media.
  2. The logic behind structural interventions is that the physical, legal, economic, and regulatory “structures” within an individual’s environment can be altered to support the adoption and maintenance of health protective behaviors.
  3. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the differences between the ecological approach and the medical approach?
  4. Which of the following is not a system level that Bronfenbrenner described in the Model of Human Development?
  5. A microsystem is:
  6. In the Behavioral Ecological Model, ________ are defined as social contingencies of reinforcement that affect large segments of a population or subpopulation.
  7. What is the best known ecological model?
  8. Which of the following is NOT one of the four categories of environmental factors that are critical in shaping health behaviors, according to the structural model of health behavior?
  9. Some environments foster risk behaviors.
  10. Unfortunately large scale intervention trials sometimes fail to demonstrate the study’s intended health promotion and this failure acts purely as a waste of funds and time.
  11. The basic premise of ecological thinking is that health behavior, and the determinants of these behaviors are inter-related.
  12. When any given part of the environment becomes a target for change, the term used is structural intervention.
  13. The meso level of network organization includes large-scale networks and complex networks.
  14. Evidence suggests that social networks may have profound effects on a range of health-related attitudes, behaviors, and disease outcomes.
  15. In which type of analytical technique does the research start with selecting a set of nodes that is then considered as a study population, then measures the tie between these nodes?
  16. Social networks are usually very stable over time, with little or no change in member numbers or roles, making the introduction of new health information difficult.
  17. In general, the more you have in common with members of a social network (e.g., age, political persuasion, religiosity, ethnicity, education), the more likely a health message coming from you will be accepted by them. This is an example of network
  18. Personal traits of some members of social networks predispose them to serve as superdiffusers of new ideas. Three traits are considered vital to the spread of an innovation within and between networks. Which of the following is not one of these key traits?
  19. The major components of social network theory include nodes or actors and ties that connect the nodes where they form a network.
  20. Scenario: You are a state health department officer working with various social networks (e.g., churches, worksites, schoolsites) to promote personal wellness. With help from community members, you identify superdiffusers in each of the target social networks. Which of the following key roles must the superdiffusers do to ensure success of the promotion?
  21. According to social network theory, to serve as an effective conduit for social and behavioral change, actors must
  22. Transitivity describes the temporary mental state of people who fail at developing lasting nodal connections, resulting in weak social networks.
  23. An individual actor in the periphery of a social system, even if respected by others, will not be able to bridge the brokerage between peripheral networks.
  24. According to the concept of transitivity, a tie (connection) between some members of a social network…
  25. Social systems and networks must be traditional (i.e., physical contact and connections occur in person) to be effective in transmitting health information; virtual systems and networks (i.e., social media) are to fragile to be an effective change agent for health.
  26. What is the correct order of discrete stages of behavior change, according to the Diffusion Theory?
  27. The social system is a key “last-step” in health promotion planning.
  28. Which statement is not true regarding the innovation?
  29. According to Diffusion Theory, the more _______________ change agents are with the target population, the more effective they are likely to be in promoting the adoption of an innovation.
  30. What are some elements of diffusion theory?
  31. All of the following are true of laggards in relation to the adoption of innovations EXCEPT
  32. People are more likely to adopt an innovation if they observe others having adopted the innovation and experiencing a positive outcome as a result.
  33. The key implication of Diffusion Theory is that “opinion leaders” tend to be highly influential with respect to the adoption of innovations.
  34. Diffusion Theory works best when the innovation or behavior does not require daily repetition.
  35. Diffusion Theory describes twelve key characteristics of a successful innovation. Which one of the following characteristics is commonly considered by users prior to their adoption of the innovation?
  36. Opinion leaders tend to be early adopters and are often the first to adopt an innovation.
  37. Diffusion Theory works best in
  38. Which is true about program implementation in health promotion?
  39. A certain amount and type of adaptation to a program is always harmful and should be avoided at all costs.
  40. What is one of the “Top Ten dissemination mistakes?”
  41. is defined as the intentional spreading of information for a specific purpose.
  42. Once health knowledge is generated from randomized control trials, it is effectively applied to public health problems evenly throughout the industries.
  43. Organizations like some people can be deemed early adopters.
  44. Core implementation components include all except:
  45. Which is NOT one of the four steps of the Public Health Model?
  46. Fidelity to a program can enhance adoption and community ownership more so than adaptation.
  47. Pre-service and in-service training are not considered as efficient ways to provide knowledge of background information, theory, philosophy, and values.
  48. Most researchers feel that their work is done once they have published findings in a scholarly journal.
  49. Identify the organization characteristic that is most related to adopting a new program?
  50. Which of the following is true about the “black box” in public health?
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