What caused the shift from infectious diseases to chronic diseases from the 1800s to now?
Illness behavior is most often associated with which level of prevention?
Advocacy as a health promotion strategy is mainly focused on lobbying for universal health care.
An example of primary prevention is:
The United States spends considerably more on health care costs than other industrialized countries.
Which of the following is considered a sick-role behavior?
The new public health emphasizes
Generally, which of the following factors can contribute to community capacity:
The Rose Curve focuses on the idea that if you target high-risk populations, then you will make the most change in a population.
The theory of the solution asserts that
Theory in the context of health promotion does NOT
Public health seeks to shift the mean of the Rose Curve to the left.
A highly complex health behavior has few components.
Distal influences demonstrate an immediate and noticeable influence on health behaviors.
Theory allows for more successful and effective health interventions.
The frequency of a health behavior has no impact on the difficulties of changing it.
You identify a behavior that is non-volitional. Which type of intervention are you more likely to focus on to change that behavior?
Regarding condom use, women’s control over the situation with her male partner would best be described as:
Which of the statements below is the least accurate regarding “theory”?
Based on your understanding of this chapter, which health behavior would you consider to be “complex”?
A behavior that is more frequent and repetitive is more difficult to adhere to over time.
Which health behavior is frequent and repetitive, therefore potentially harder to change/adhere to?
Proximal influences are synonymous with distal influences.
Health policies serve as a proximal influence on health behavior.
Which statement best describes theory of reasoned action?
Neither the Theory of Reasoned Action nor the Theory of Planned Behavior is qualified as Value-Expectancy models.
IMB in IMB Model stands for:
What third construct is added to the theory of planned behavior?
The Theory of Reasoned Action includes a focus on perceptions about:
An important focus of the Theory of Reasoned Action is generating intent.
According to the TRA, both attitude toward the health behavior and subjective norms do not independently contribute to the formation of behavioral intent.
People make decision about health based not only on their values about health, but also on the basis of their values with respect to relationships, family ties, cultural practices, and the like.
What qualities does the Theory of Planned Behavior have that the Theory of Reasoned Action lacks?
Simply providing general information about a health topic is effective in changing one’s behavior.
Which one is not the characteristic of The Theory of Reasoned Action?
According to the TRA, intent includes:
In order for a healthy behavior to be considered, perceived threat must overcome a critical threshold.
The health belief model can be simply applied by excluding analysis of modifying factors.
The basic premise of both PMT and EPPM is when individuals are faced with a scary stimuli
Health Belief Model is logical, well-articulated, and simple model that the primary construct is indeed predicated on the basis that behavior change will occur only when sufficient benefits remain after subtracting the costs incurred by the performing the behavior. There are two constructs that have independent influences on health behavior. What are those two?
According to the EPPM, fear appeal messages that are accepted result in engaging in a danger control process.
The Health Belief Model suggests that perceived threat is actually a compound of the two elementary constructs of severity and susceptibility.
What are the two constructs that have an independent influence on health behavior?
The threat appraisal process refers to assessing the seriousness of a health threat.
Which of the following statements best describes how a positive net gain is achieved?
The fear control process described in the EPPM is similar to the coping appraisal process from the PMT.
Response efficacy and self-efficacy are both part of the threat appraisal process.
Fear appeals are effective for everyone because people tend to perceive scary stimuli similarly.
Which of the following statements are true?
Protection motivation theory describes coping appraisal is essentially people deciding if the costs for engaging in a health behavior outweigh the benefits.