GOVT 345 Quiz 6

GOVT 345 Quiz 6 Liberty University

  1. “I must study to pass the exam” is a hypothetical imperative because the duty springs from the purpose.
  2. In Aristotle’s lexicon, universal justice meant a person is acting lawfully and fairly.
  3. Kant’s central inquiry is—“Would I will that all act in this manner?”
  4. Utilitarianism is inherently deontological.
  5. The Interest Theory of Rights sees man as a small sovereign imposing duties on others.
  6. Active rights refer to Hohfeld’s claim and immunity.
  7. John Rawls is known for his free-market libertarian perspective on rights and justice.
  8. The Interest Theory says humans have interests, a right to further those interests, and that protecting those interests is part of the pursuit of the good life.
  9. One desirable aspect of the felicific calculous is that it not only takes into account a rise in pleasure but also in how evenly that pleasure is distributed among the public in general.
  10. A moral right is enforceable even if there is no corresponding legal right.
  11. A major criticism of Rawls is that his theory of justice cannot be justice since it is not about giving people their just deserts.
  12. The concept of animal rights can easily dismissed: since they have no duties, animals can have no rights.
  13. Nozick fails to explain how the wealthy are to be prevented from gaining and using power to further their position.
  14. Robert Nozick is known for his “Justice as Fairness” theory which he claims is the only way to preserve individual liberty.
  15. Rectificatory justice rectifies incorrect distributions.
  16. Opposition to torture based on concern for national reputation is a duty-based argument.
  17. Aristotle divided justice into universal and particular justice. The latter could be further subdivided into distributive and rectificatory justice.
  18. Pareto efficiency means that those profiting from a transaction have enough to compensate those who lose.
  19. In the Hohfeldian system, first order rights are those one exercises over your second order rights.
  20. Hypothetical imperatives are unconditional oughts such as “do not steal”.
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