GOVT 345 Quiz 7

GOVT 345 Quiz 7 Liberty University

  1. Hobbes was correct. The natural law theory is nothing but a justification for rebellious dissenters.
  2. The consent justification for obedience says consent is convenient but probably fiction; most do not give their express consent to law.
  3. The hard position of retribution is deontological because it deems the consequences to be immaterial.
  4. Punishment asks, “What are the consequences for violating a law or failing to fulfill a legal duty?”
  5. Retribution is one clear theory of punishment that is easy to implement.
  6. For defining purposes at least, the “is-ought” distinction is a profitable to punishment.
  7. Obedience to law is an uncommon topic because so many advocate a prima facie duty to obey law.
  8. “Because I said so” superficially dismisses the authority question and is akin to saying, “Obey because I am in charge.”
  9. The fair play justification for obedience holds that disobedience is unfair per se and will encourage others to follow suit.
  10. In terms of punishment, consequentialism looks backward to what was done.
  11. Disobedience is always akin to rebellion and thus inappropriate behavior.
  12. The consequentialist or weak position of retribution requires that the punishment have some overall positive effect.
  13. The gratitude justification says one ought to obey government because government is the source of security and benefits.
  14. Aristotle would say character, virtue, and the common good require obedience to just men or just laws.
  15. The gratitude justification argues that one ought not to bite the hand that feeds you.
  16. Justification of punishment can be divided into two inquiries: is the practice or institution just and is the punishment of a particular act just?
  17. “Because I said so” refers to the prima facia duty to obey law because it is law.
  18. General deterrence is fundamentally consequentialist.
  19. Retribution is making an example of a particular defendant by “throwing the book” at him.
  20. “No punishment without law” is an element of the rule of law and serves as a general guideline.
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