ENVR 350 Quiz 2 Pollution

ENVR 350 Quiz 2: Pollution – Clean Air and Water

Module 2: Week 2

  1. Congress’ principal goal in passing the Clean Water Act was to reduce discharge from
  2. Agriculture is currently the 2nd most important source of lake pollution.
  3. The Bush team, in the late 1980s, selected a system of allowance trading combined with a nationwide cap on total sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions.
  4. The Environmental Protection Agency was established by which U.S. President?
  5. The key water quality provisions of the Clean Water Act fall into ______ main categories.
  6. The Clean Water Act was originally designed to eliminate all discharges of pollutants into the nation’s waterways by 1985.
  7. Sulfur dioxide is released into the environment through industrial activity only.
  8. The approach of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards is a classic example of flexible but difficult to administer standards.
  9. Ozone absorbs certain frequencies of harmful infrared radiation (IR-B) emitted by the sun, blanketing the planet in a protective shield.
  10. The first national celebration of Earth Day was the brainchild of which public figure?
  11. Scientists estimated that in 1980 the U.S. emitted about ________ tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) into the environment.
  12. Under the Clean Water Act, ___________ determine the water quality standards needed to support the designated uses of its various waterways.
  13. The Clean Air Act regulates at the source of pollution only (i.e. smokestack), and not at the point of impact (i.e. where we breathe).
  14. Acid rain pioneers, like Robert Angus Smith & Eville Gorham, were largely ignored by the general public and scientific community.
  15. The Clean Water Act focuses primarily on the discharge of pollutants into waterways, while largely ignoring hydrological changes to waterways, such as dams and water withdrawals.
  16. Many factories, commercial facilities, and sewage treatment works are known as point
  17. Between 1980 and 2016, concentrations of carbon monoxide decreased __________ in the U.S.
  18. The Clean Water Act of 1972 was enacted before the Clean Air Act.
  19. Healthy lakes normally have a pH of around ________ or above.
  20. By 1970, the American public perceived pollution as more important than race, crime, and poverty.
  21. Which standards, according to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards, are designed to protect human health?
  22. In 1999, EPA reported emissions of over ________ pounds of hazardous air pollutants.
  23. The main precursor of acid rain is:
  24. The __________ Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer.
  25. The New Source Performance Standards assume that new and existing stationary sources will be treated ____________ under the Clean Air Act.
  26. Which of the following is the primary source of water pollution to the nation’s streams and rivers?
  27. Scientists estimated that in 1980 the U.S. emitted about ________ tons of sulfur dioxide
  28. Like the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act singles out existing industrial point sources for tighter effluent limitations.
  29. What percentage of Americans in 1970 thought that the problem of air pollution was at least somewhat serious in their part of the country?
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