CJUS 601 Quiz 4

CJUS 601 Quiz 4 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. A researcher determines whether an association exists between the independent and dependent variables in a true experiment because two or more groups differ in terms of their value on the
  2. A discernable process that creates a causal connection between two variables is
  3. When a conclusion based on a sample of a larger population holds true for that population is known as
  4. The list of all elements of a population from which a sample is actually selected is known as the
  5. A true experiment has
  6. When treatment group members compare their situation to that of the control group members who are not receiving the treatment; experimental group members feel special simply because they are in the experiment. This effect is known as
  7. When comparison group members become aware that they are being denied some advantage, they may increase efforts to compensate, creating a problem known as
  8. Samantha asked the registrar at her school to provide a list of all criminal justice majors. She the selected every fifth name on the list. What sampling method did she use?
  9. The larger the sampling error, the _______ representative the sample is of the population.
  10. Rubin and Rubin (1995) suggest three guidelines for selecting informants when designing a purposive sampling strategy. What is one of these guidelines?
  11. Using a Solomon four-group design, subjects are randomly assigned to
  12. A researcher who draws conclusions about individual-level processes from group-level data is constructing
  13. If you complete a survey in a magazine entitled “What Do You Think About the Death Penalty for Teenagers? and mail it in to the publisher, you have participated in survey research
  14. A nonprobability sampling method in which elements are selected to ensure that the sample represents certain characteristics in proportion to their prevalence in the population is
  15. Two samples are drawn from an urban population. One sample is a quota sample. Comparisons of the demographic characteristics of this sample to those of the urban population show an almost perfect match. The other sample is a disproportionate random sample. Comparisons of the demographic characteristics of this sample to those of the urban population show marked differences on the distributions of race and gender. Which sample provides a better base for developing a representative description of the urban population from which the sample was drawn? Explain your reasoning. Which sample provides a better base for developing a representative description of other urban populations? Explain your reasoning.

Set 2

  1. In criminological research, disproportionate stratified sampling:
  2. Data that is collected from observations taken in more than one point in time are called:
  3. In which nonexperimental design is data collected at one point in time?
  4. Which of the following terms could not be used to describe a random sample?
  5. The distribution of characteristics of elements in a ________________ sample is the same as the distribution of those characteristics among the total population of elements.
  6. Subject attrition is a concern for which type of study?
  7. Which of the following studies is likely to produce the best cross-population generalizability?
  8. You must draw a sample of 1,000 from the population of a large prison in order to estimate treatment needs. A list of all prison inmates and their criminal histories is available from the prison warden. Which sampling procedure will minimize sampling error?
  9. Most gang members are male. In order to obtain an equal number of male and female gang members, a researcher should use a:
  10. An results of an evaluation study of a prison anger management study are impacted when almost all of the gang affiliated inmates in the experiment group drop out of the study between the pre- and posttests. Which of the following sources of causal (internal) validity has occurred in this scenario?
  11. A list of elements from which a sample is to be selected is termed a:
  12. In a true simple random sample, the probability of selection:
  13. Which of the following random samples does not require a sampling frame?
  14. A study is conducted of urban gangs. Using a contact at a local youth program, the researcher is able to interview each gang’s leader. The interview covers methods of gang recruitment and sources of inter-gang conflict. This sampling method would be termed:
  15. Two samples are drawn from an urban population. One sample is a quota sample. Comparisons of the demographic characteristics of this sample to those of the urban population show an almost perfect match. The other sample is a disproportionate random sample. Comparisons of the demographic characteristics of this sample to those of the urban population show marked differences on the distributions of race and gender. Which sample provides a better base for developing a representative description of the urban population from which the sample was drawn? Explain your reasoning. Which sample provides a better base for developing a representative description of other urban populations? Explain your reasoning.
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