Consider the question: “Do you disagree that juveniles should not be tried as adults if they commit murder?” Which of the following best describes the question?
There are no set standards for evaluating the validity or authenticity of conclusions in a qualitative study, but Becker (1958) argues that the data can be assessed in terms criteria such as:
The response rate for mailed (self-administered) surveys is generally around
A systematic approach to sampling in participant observational research is
A strategy that increases the reliability of observational data by using explicit rules that standardize coding practices across observers is
Boas and Malinowski were researchers who laid the foundation for
Miller (2000) recruited young women from a residential facility to participate in her research and paid them to refer other girls who were gang members. Although this is common in snowball samples, one young woman decided to cash in on the deal by initiating new young women into her gang. The ethical dilemma was
Likert-type responses generally ask respondents to
In her study of community policing (1999), Susan Miller adopted the role of
Qualitative data analysis focuses on text rather than on
A researcher may choose to use several related questions in order to measure a variable, which is known as
Create a hypothetical research question that can be answered by some survey method. Select which method(s) you would use and explain why. What are the pros and cons of your selection? How will you deal with the ethical concerns?
Which of the following is an advantage to Web-based surveys?
Which of the following is not an advantage of a closed-ended question?
A complete observer in the field often encounters reactive effects, which are:
Reliability measures are used to:
Which of the following questions would be preferable for asking about food shopping habits?
Which of the following are steps in computer-assisted qualitative analysis?
Felicia has been observing the activities of a pro-life group. She attends group meetings and interviews members in their homes. After a while, members bring her along on group outings and encourage her to attend social functions. She finds herself planning her leisure time around activities with the group and increasingly defends the motives of group members in conversations with outsiders. She promises members that her research will help to improve the group’s public image. It would be said that Felicia is:
The cover letter for a mailed questionnaire must be:
An anthropologist believes that hanging around at malls serves critical social functions for high school students. In order to test this hypothesis, she finds fifty high school student volunteers (half boys and half girls). She has the volunteers carry pagers and beeps them at random intervals. At these times, the students fill out a brief report about what they are doing. This is an example of:
A fence-sitter in a survey is defined as someone who:
This question refers to a hypothetical questionnaire handed out to students at a small rural high school, parts of which are boxed above the questions. The questionnaire was designed to assess students’ thoughts about and experiences with crime at school. Which guideline identifies the main problem in the preceding question?
What type of research lessens the potential for reactive effects and allows entry to otherwise inaccessible settings?
Voluntary participation in qualitative research is:
Compared to other survey designs, which of the following is not an advantage of in-person interviewing?
A researcher is interested in studying illegal drug markets. More precisely, she is interested in examining the extent to which drug dealers have abandoned legitimate ways to achieve the American dream. She wants to use a qualitative methodology but is unsure whether she should use complete observation, participation and observation, or covert participation. For each strategy, write one paragraph in which you highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each. Based on your review of each strategy, which would you recommend to study illegal drug markets? Explain your answer.