CJUS 601 Quiz 3

CJUS 601 Quiz 3 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Which of the following comes closest to describing the purpose of an IRB?
  2. The _________ Report (1979) from the U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare established three basic ethical principles for the protection of human subjects.
  3. When a series of similar questions is used instead of one question to measure the same concept, it is known as
  4. Of the following violations to general ethical rules, which is the most common and most acceptable, if properly addressed?
  5. When a respondent is offered explicit responses from which to choose an answer to a question, they are answering a(n)
  6. Obtaining informed consent may create challenges for the researcher, such as
  7. The scientific concern with validity requires that
  8. Milgram believed that
  9. Research that uses human subjects is:
  10. A variable has measurement validity when
  11. Consistency of ratings by an observer of an unchanging phenomenon at two or more points in time shows
  12. When information is gathered by researchers and there are no identifying characteristics which would allow the researchers to match up results to individual subjects, this illustrates:
  13. The process of specifying what we mean by a term is known as
  14. Sherman and Berk’s research on police response to domestic violence was
  15. Reliability and validity of research are related to one another. One of these is required for the other to occur, but not the other way around. Which is required to produce the other? Explain.

Set 2

  1. The scientific concern with validity requires that
  2. Of the following violations to general ethical rules, which is the most common and most acceptable, if properly addressed?
  3. Obtaining informed consent may create challenges for the researcher, such as
  4. Observations can be used to measure characteristics of
  5. Which of the following comes closest to describing the purpose of an IRB?
  6. The process of specifying what we mean by a term is known as
  7. Consistency of ratings by an observer of an unchanging phenomenon at two or more points in time shows
  8. After a research project is completed, a vital element in maintaining openness and honesty is that the information should be
  9. When information is gathered by researchers and there are no identifying characteristics which would allow the researchers to match up results to individual subjects, this illustrates:
  10. When a series of similar questions is used instead of one question to measure the same concept, it is known as
  11. When a respondent is offered explicit responses from which to choose an answer to a question, they are answering a(n)
  12. Milgram believed that
  13. The ACJS Code of Ethics stipulates that
  14. A variable has measurement validity when
  15. Propose measures of drug use at the nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio levels. Suggest procedures for establishing the validity and reliability of all of your drug measures. Explain your rationale for each procedure.

Set 3

  1. Which of the following classifications of subjects cannot legally give consent on their own?
  2. Before their release, prison inmates are asked to fill out a risk assessment questionnaire which assesses the likelihood that an inmate will re-offend. A researcher later corroborates the risk assessments with official arrest statistics. This is an example of:
  3. Cory wrote a proposal to study the impact of birth order on aggressiveness. One of his first steps was to review definitions of aggressiveness in other research studies. This illustrates the first step in the process of:
  4. Understanding the meanings people give reality instead of how reality works is the goal of:
  5. Committees which review research proposals for adherence to ethical guidelines are called ______________ Review Boards.
  6. Which of the following is not a requirement of obtaining informed consent?
  7. The extent to which measures indicate what they are intended to measure is called:
  8. A measure will have intraobserver reliability if:
  9. Researchers apply the term face validity to the confidence gained from:
  10. A variable’s level of measurement indicates:
  11. What type of measures are used to study groups or individuals without their knowledge?
  12. The domestic violence study conducted in 1984 by Sherman and Berk had an ethical concern in that:
  13. An observer examines the behavior of high school dropouts on several occasions to measure the frequency of their alcohol use. Later, it turns out that the observer’s ratings have minimal association with each other. This indicates a problem with:
  14. A politician is worried that fear of crime is increasing. A survey is given to community residents to measure fear of crime. To check the criterion validity of this measure, the politician should:
  15. Propose a research question and a research project in which the subjects may be harmed? Do you believe this project could pass IRB approval? Why or why not?
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