CJUS 550 Quiz 3 Future of Criminal Justice

CJUS 550 Quiz 3 The Future of Criminal Justice

  1. According to the National Institute of Justice, why do transnational crime groups profit more from globalization than legitimate businesses?
  2. Forensic entomology techniques may be used to reconstruct the likeness of a decomposed or dismembered body.
  3. The first juvenile court that was separate in form and function from adult criminal courts was created in
  4. The vulnerability of America’s infrastructure creates serious concerns about possible acts of
  5. In the building process for international terrorist organizations, poverty, political corruption, and religious conflict are examples of underlying conditions that lead to terrorism.
  6. According to Gwynn Nettler, terrorists may kill one person and frighten ten thousand. This is an example of which characteristic of terrorism?
  7. Appeals are less important at the juvenile level because most sentences of confinement are so short that the juvenile may be released before the appellate review process is completed.
  8. In recent years, the juvenile justice system appears to be
  9. CODIS is a DNA database that allows law enforcement agencies to compare DNA profiles to identify suspects or link serial crimes.
  10. According to the Bipartisan Policy Center’s National Security Preparedness Group report, the biggest threat to American national security may now come from
  11. attempt(s) to duplicate the decision-making processes used by skilled investigators in evidence analysis and pattern recognition.
  12. Prior to the creation of the International Criminal Court, the courts in Belgium were available to the rest of the world for the prosecution of
  13. If an offender is convicted of a homicide that he committed when he was a juvenile, he may be sentenced to death if the trial occurs after he turns 18.
  14. In the case of In re Winship, the Supreme Court held that delinquency must be established
  15. The U.S. has one of the highest rates of software piracy in the world.
  16. A ________ sentence is a combination of a juvenile disposition and an adult criminal sentence.
  17. A law enforcement agency that wants to compare a DNA profile they obtained from a crime scene with other DNA profiles around the country would use which of the following national database?
  18. Children who are beyond parental control and need state protection are considered to be
  19. A(n) ________ child has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult.
  20. The juvenile court system emphasizes limited discretion for judges to reduce possible disparity of treatment.
  21. jurisdiction applies when the juvenile court is the only court that has statutory authority to deal with children for specified infractions.
  22. is a nontechnical type of cyber intrusion that involves tricking people into breaking security procedures, such as persuading them to give out password details.
  23. When comparing crime rates of different nations, the biggest problem revolves around
  24. Technology can create opportunities for both criminals and criminal justice. Discuss and give examples of how technological advances can be a double-edged sword for the justice system.
  25. The DNA Sexual Assault Justice Act and the Innocence Protection Act were signed into law in 2004. Select one of these two Acts and explain its purpose. Analyze why the Act was necessary and name the key elements. Give your opinion concerning the impact of your chose Act on the police and courts.

Set 2

  1. In prison argot, “crack kids” are
  2. ________ offenses involve acts that create physical disorder or that reflect social decay.
  3. The broken windows model of policing is most relevant to the service provision role of the police.
  4. During the ________ era, large numbers of offenders were incarcerated in an attempt to protect society and prevent crime, but rehabilitation was essentially abandoned.
  5. Administration, training, and budgeting are examples of line operations.
  6. Which of the following prison programs is most characteristic of the just-deserts era of corrections?
  7. Victim restitution is a key element of the restorative justice model.
  8. Why do constitutional rights in prison bear a strong resemblance to privileges?
  9. One of the leading formative influences on the staff culture of corrections officers is the
  10. What was the purpose behind the Prison Litigation Reform Act?
  11. In which case did the Supreme Court approve the separation of the determination of guilt from the determination of the sentence?
  12. describes the order of authority within a police department.
  13. According to the ________ model of the prison subculture, inmates bring with them values, roles, and behavior patterns from the outside world.
  14. Which of the following statements regarding prison privatization is true?
  15. Judges are not permitted to depart from the federal sentencing guidelines.
  16. seeks to identify the most dangerous criminals and incarcerate them to protect society. Collective incapacitation
  17. A journalist who is writing an article on prison overcrowding in the U.S. and wants to use the estimate that yields the highest level of overcrowding would probably choose which definition of prison capacity?
  18. Critics of the indeterminate model of sentencing emphasize all but which key sentencing principle?
  19. The day-fine system solves which objection to the use of fines?
  20. The ________ movement emphasizes the wider use of private prisons.
  21. Which Supreme Court case signals a return to the hands-off doctrine of earlier times?
  22. Research into victim-impact statements has found that
  23. In which case did the Supreme Court approve the separation of the determination of guilt from the determination of the sentence?
  24. Explain the 1996 Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). What was the purpose of this act and why was it needed? How has the Supreme Court responded to the Act and what criticisms have been raised by opponents of the Act? What impact has the Act had? Be comprehensive in your response.
  25. Explain selective and collective incapacitation and discuss the advantages and problems with each strategy.

Other set

  1. Human smuggling and human trafficking arise from similar underlying conditions.
  2. Free and open international borders contributes to which level of the building process for international terrorism?
  3. Which of the following is a characteristic of the juvenile justice system?
  4. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that juveniles do not have which of the following procedural rights?
  5. The majority of juveniles who are adjudicated delinquent are placed on formal probation.
  6. The juvenile court’s fact-finding process, which is similar to an adult trial, is known as
  7. What was the purpose of the SMILECon conference for police officers?
  8. people tend to believe that their social or ethnic group and culture are superior to others.
  9. HITMAN is the latest technology used by the FBI to track and capture mafia-related criminals.
  10. The child savers movement led to the creation of reform schools that focused on pre-delinquent children.
  11. Human smuggling generally involves some form of forced labor or exploitation.
  12. What is the key difference between human smuggling and trafficking in persons?
  13. Evidence-based juvenile justice models are attractive due to cost savings.
  14. In re Winship found that juveniles do not have a constitutional right to a trial by a jury of their peers.
  15. What is Interpol’s main purpose?
  16. The Department of Homeland security is particularly concerned about the possibility that weapons of mass destruction may enter the U.S. through our nation’s airports.
  17. The most expensive security incidents involve financial fraud.
  18. The International Criminal Court is a global institution that is used for trying countries engaged in serious crimes such as state-sponsored terrorism.
  19. The first juvenile court that was separate in form and function from adult criminal courts was created in
  20. technology provides users with real-time fact-based information that can be accessed during real-world activity.
  21. Which of the following categories of children violate laws written only for children?
  22. Today, under modern Islamic law, men and women are treated similarly.
  23. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operates entirely within the United States and its territories, acts without foreign direction, and directs its activities against elements of the U.S. government or population is known as
  24. While the U.S. Supreme Court has guaranteed juveniles many of the same procedural rights as adults, not all adult procedural rights have been extended to juveniles charged with delinquent behaviors. Discuss some of the rights that juveniles do not have. Do you believe that juveniles should have all the same due process rights as adults? Why or why not? Provide support for your opinion.
  25. What is biocrime? Discuss the various ways biocrimes may be committed, and include a discussion of bioterrorism. Provide examples of biocrimes and explain why biocrime is a major concern today.
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