CJUS 550 Quiz 2 Criminal Justice Systems

CJUS 550 Quiz: Criminal Justice Systems

Covers the Textbook material from Module 3: Week 3 – Module 5: Week 5.

  1. is a crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.
  2. Which of the following is not one of the general activities involved in a preliminary investigation?
  3. Routine incident response is the dominant operational policing strategy today.
  4. Prisons use a(n) ________ to assign new inmates to initial custody levels based on perceived dangerousness, escape risk, and type of offense.
  5. refers to the need to understand and take account of the differences that women and men bring to the criminal justice system, and to adjust strategies and practices in ways that appropriately respond to those conditions.
  6. Which one of the following arguments regarding the death penalty is not an abolitionist rationale?
  7. Administration, training, and budgeting are examples of line operations.
  8. According to the text, the fastest-growing population of jail inmates is
  9. The ________ capacity is the number of inmates that a prison can effectively accommodate based on an appraisal of the institution’s staff, programs, and services.
  10. Based on the Supreme Court’s ruling in Woodson v. North Carolina, when is a mandatory death sentence for first degree murder constitutional?
  11. Incapacitation corresponds to the just deserts model of sentencing.
  12. is a strategy that focuses on identifying the most dangerous criminals and sending them to prison as a way of protecting society.
  13. Under the British program of ________, convicted offenders were banished to the American colonies.
  14. The peacekeeping role of the police involves a focus on quality-of-life offenses.
  15. The broken windows model of policing focuses on which element of the police mission?
  16. Why do constitutional rights in prison bear a strong resemblance to privileges?
  17. Judges are not permitted to depart from the federal sentencing guidelines.
  18. CAPRA and SARA are acronyms that relate to the methodology of police problem solving.
  19. A sentence of “four years in prison” is an indeterminate sentence.
  20. Federal sentencing guidelines
  21. The first mass prison system, in which inmates lived, ate, and worked together in enforced silence, was known as the ________ system.
  22. The stocks and pillory were designed to publicly humiliate offenders and give members of the community an opportunity for vengeance.
  23. What is civil death?
  24. Explain the advantages of fines as a sentencing alternative. What concerns have been raised about the use of this punishment? Discuss which types of crimes you think should be punishable by fines and which should not, and explain your views. Describe the day-fine system. Do you think the day-fine system is a good idea or is it a form of discrimination based on socio-economic status?
  25. Explain selective and collective incapacitation and discuss the advantages and problems with each strategy.

Set 2

  1. One criticism of selective incapacitation is the high rate of false positives.
  2. Critics of the indeterminate model of sentencing emphasize all but which key sentencing principle?
  3. The legalistic style of policing emphasizes crime control over crime prevention and use discretion to keep order.
  4. Response time is strongly linked to citizen satisfaction.
  5. Correctional authorities may not impose punishments on inmates without appropriate due process.
  6. Legalistic style police are more likely to give a speeding driver a ticket rather than a warning.
  7. What was the purpose behind the Prison Litigation Reform Act?
  8. Intelligence-led policing involves collecting and analyzing information to produce ________ to guide policing.
  9. Which policing style is most likely to result in the excessive use of force by the police towards citizens?
  10. Although crime rates in the U.S. began to decline in the mid-1990s, incarceration rates continued to increase into the 2000s.
  11. Which type of inmate is most likely to think of prison as his home?
  12. What is the purpose of an external or initial classification system in corrections?
  13. Which one of the following arguments regarding the death penalty is not an abolitionist rationale?
  14. Prison industries today are limited to state-use systems only.
  15. In women’s prisons, ________ inmates were more likely to be career offenders.
  16. The ADMAX unit is the most high-security federal correctional institution.
  17. may be used by the defense to show reduced criminal responsibility and suggest a lesser sentence is called for.
  18. The indeterminate sentencing model can result in judicial discrimination based on the offender’s race or social class.
  19. SARA and CAPRA are acronyms representing the methodology of ________.
  20. The majority of inmates today have some form of mental illness.
  21. Under the British program of ________, convicted offenders were banished to the American colonies.
  22. The preliminary investigation is carried out by trained crime scene investigators.
  23. The ________ model of corrections emphasized indeterminate sentencing and rehabilitation.
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