APOL 500 Exam 4

APOL 500 Exam 4 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Which of the following must be false if God does not exist?
  2. According to Groothuis, widespread disagreement about a particular moral question indicates that there is no objective moral truth about that question.
  3. Atheists, by definition, hold that there are no objective moral values.
  4. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, if atheism is true (and therefore God does not exist), which of the following is also true?
  5. According to Groothuis, religious experience claims in Eastern religions allow for conceptual experiences of something objective and outside of oneself.
  6. We should assume that all reported religious experiences are indeed genuine experiences, providing veridical support for the religious claims of the person reporting the experience.
  7. Which of the following best fits with the main point of the argument from religious experience, as Groothuis has described it?
  8. Christianity requires
  9. According to Groothuis’s analysis of Biblical anthropology, which of the following best represents the nature of humanity?
  10. What seems to be the main point of the transcendental argument from human reason and cognition?
  11. Islam agrees with Christianity that we are made in the image of God, but it disagrees with Christianity over the extent to which sin affects our current condition.
  12. Pascal rejects human reason
  13. According to Pascal, true religion must be able to explain the human condition at least as well as its rivals.
  14. Which of the following best represents a reason that the differences in the synoptic Gospels provide increased confidence in what they portray, rather than decreased confidence?
  15. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following represents the best way to respond to apparent contradictions between the Gospel accounts?
  16. Which of the following seems to best represent the apologetic significance of the historical evidence for Jesus?
  17. Some non-canonical accounts of the life and ministry of Jesus and present an alternate portrait of the origins of Christianity enjoy significant historical support, and are likely just as reliable as the New Testament.
  18. Which of the following was essential for the origin and development of Christianity?
  19. According to Groothuis, one successful argument for the inspiration of Scripture is: “We know the Scripture is inspired because the divine Lord Jesus said so, and we know the Lord Jesus is divine because the inspired Scripture says so.”
  20. Which of the following aspects of Jesus’ authority is an implicit claim of deity?
  21. In many ways, Jesus is much like other religious leaders, including significant elements related directly to the Christian worldview.
  22. In order to show that there is no contradiction in the doctrine of the incarnation, we need only present
  23. According to Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following is the best response to the suggestion that the incarnation is a paradox?
  24. According to Groothuis, if we affirm apparent contradictions, then we risk losing our ability to gain any real knowledge of God.
  25. If God exists, miracles are at least possible. Whether miracles have actually occurred is a matter of history; but miracles cannot be ruled out a priori.
  26. Without the bodily resurrection of Jesus, there is no Christianity.
  27. What is the key difference between the accounts of the resurrection of Jesus and the similar accounts from other religions?
  28. Groothuis thinks that natural theology deserves a central place in apologetics.
  29. Given Groothuis’s overall presentation of the purpose of and motivation for apologetics, which of the following seems to be most important?
  30. Groothuis thinks that it is impossible to reconcile religions, if those religions make incompatible truth claims.

Set 2

  1. Which of the following best describes the main point of the “moral argument” for God?
  2. According to Groothuis, the existence of objective moral values indicates that pantheism is false, even if the pantheist attempts to account for morality.
  3. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, if atheism is true (and therefore God does not exist), which of the following is also true?
  4. According to Groothuis, widespread disagreement about a particular moral question indicates that there is no objective moral truth about that question.
  5. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, how does the argument from transformational experience help support the truth of Christianity?
  6. What is apologetically significant about the fact that many people yearn for and desire religious experience?
  7. Which of the following best fits with the main point of the argument from religious experience, as Groothuis has described it?
  8. According to Groothuis’s analysis, why is the concept of love apologetically significant when confronting materialists?
  9. Christianity requires
  10. Which of the following best describes an incorrigible belief?
  11. Based on the Fall, Pascal thinks that all of our human capacities are
  12. Pascal thinks that it is equally mistaken to overemphasize our wretchedness as it is to overemphasize our greatness.
  13. Abductive arguments are those that are based on
  14. Which of the following seems to best represent the apologetic significance of the historical evidence for Jesus?
  15. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following represents the best way to respond to apparent contradictions between the Gospel accounts?
  16. The list of New Testament books developed by Athanasius in 367, and later affirmed by ecumenical councils represented books that were already widely accepted and in use as Scripture by the Christians.
  17. There is some disagreement between Christian and non-Christian sources about the main contours of the early Christian claims about Jesus.
  18. A high view of Jesus – including the concept of his divinity and unique authority – originates in the later church as they reflected on Jesus’ teachings.
  19. What does the ‘minimal facts’ approach suggest about Jesus’ deity?
  20. Which of the following was essential for the origin and development of Christianity?
  21. Which of the following lends the most credibility to the claim that Jesus is the Messiah?
  22. According to Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following is the best response to the suggestion that the incarnation is a paradox?
  23. It is necessary for Christians to offer an intelligible explanation as to how someone can have all the essential attributes of divinity and at the same time have all the essential attributes of humanity.
  24. In order to show that there is no contradiction in the doctrine of the incarnation, we need only present
  25. It was common for Jews of Jesus’ day to believe that the Messiah would die and subsequently be resurrected from the dead.
  26. Which of the following represents the key feature of the ‘minimal facts’ approach to defending the resurrection of Jesus?
  27. What is the key difference between the accounts of the resurrection of Jesus and the similar accounts from other religions?
  28. Groothuis’s approach begins with Christianity, because it is more important, and then moves to generic theism.
  29. Given Groothuis’s overall presentation of the purpose of and motivation for apologetics, which of the following seems to be most important?
  30. Groothuis thinks that natural theology deserves a central place in apologetics.
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