APOL 500 Exam 3

APOL 500 Exam 3 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. The key reason parodies on the ontological argument which employ the use of semi-gods, devils, or islands typically fail is because each of these have properties of:
  2. Groothuis argues that not only does the ontological argument help establish the eternal existence of God, but it also leads towards His:
  3. At its core, the ontological argument asserts that the existence of God is logically:
  4. Anselm’s second ontological argument shows that God must be either logically necessary or logically:
  5. Unlike the ontological argument, the cosmological argument is not aiming for God’s logical necessity, but instead—(given the existence of the universe)—His:
  6. Some scientists object to the use of entropy as demanding a beginning for the universe. They argue instead that evidence shows:
  7. The principle of sufficient reason leads either to God, a self-explained universe, or a universe with no explanation—which is a form of:
  8. To say that the universe is “teleological” means that
  9. Which of the following seems to best represent the main point of teleological arguments?
  10. According to Groothuis, the “big bang” theory avoids the main point of the “fine tuning” argument.
  11. Which of the following seems to be the main point of arguments that focus on “fine tuning” in the universe?
  12. As a proponent of progressive creationism, Groothuis thinks that traditional views, such as the doctrine of creation ex nihilo and the special creation of Adam and Eve, are flexible in their specifics.
  13. Which of the following best represents Groothuis’s main reason for rejecting the theistic evolutionist affirmation of abiogenesis and Darwinism as an adequate account of the development of the species?
  14. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following represents the best reason for Christian apologists to address and refute Darwinism?
  15. Based on Groothuis’s overall analysis, which of the following ideas from Darwinism cannot be accepted by Christians, for biblical and / or theological reasons.
  16. Given the totality of Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following best represents a reason for why the “design flaws” objection to intelligent design fails?
  17. Which of the following best expresses why ‘irreducible complexity’ is a threat to Darwinism?
  18. Groothuis thinks that both Darwinism and creationism are matters of faith, not science, because neither can be demonstrated through scientific experimentation.
  19. Intelligent design is compatible with a wide variety of theistic and nondualistic pantheistic systems.
  20. Which of the following best describes the ‘greater good defense’ against the problem of evil?
  21. What seems to be the main point of the deductive form of the ‘problem of evil’?
  22. Groothuis thinks that the problem of evil alone could possibly refute Christianity, even though Christianity is supported by a number of arguments.
  23. Which of the following represents a basic, yet important response to the problem of evil that theists can agree on, even if they disagree about matters such as free will and sovereignty?
  24. True or False: Jesus finds enjoyment in the eternal punishment of the wicked.
  25. True or False: Christians are morally culpable to evangelize because of their belief in heaven and hell.
  26. According to Bertrand Russell, what is the chief moral failure of the teachings of Jesus?
  27. True or False: Hell is the only alternative to the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
  28. True or False: The role of God in the Canaanite genocide is the most troublesome apologetic issue of the Old Testament.
  29. True or False: In Exodus 20:5, when the sins of the fathers are visited upon their children “to the third and fourth generation,” the text is describing the transference of guilt between family generations.
  30. True or False: Many issues raised by the “new atheists” are derived from misinterpretations of the biblical text.

Set 2

  1. The key reason parodies on the ontological argument which employ the use of semi-gods, devils, or islands typically fail is because each of these have properties of:
  2. At its core, the ontological argument asserts that the existence of God is logically:
  3. In his argument against the ontological argument, which of the following did Kant say was not a genuine predicate, although it can function as one logically?
  4. Since God is understood as qualitatively infinite, Anselm argued that His existence is also:
  5. Groothuis and Craig affirm that a being powerful enough to create the universe out of nothing is thus logically entailed to be omnipotent.
  6. Unlike the ontological argument, the cosmological argument is not aiming for God’s logical necessity, but instead—(given the existence of the universe)—His:
  7. Which of the following is not ruled out by the truth of a robust cosmological argument?
  8. According to Groothuis, the “big bang” theory avoids the main point of the “fine tuning” argument.
  9. To say that the universe is “teleological” means that
  10. Which of the following seems to be the main point of arguments that focus on “fine tuning” in the universe?
  11. According to Groothuis, unless one is already committed to naturalism, the “multiverse” theory does not offer the best explanation for observed fine tuning in this universe.
  12. Based on Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following represents the best reason for Christian apologists to address and refute Darwinism?
  13. Which of the following best represents Groothuis’s main reason for rejecting the theistic evolutionist affirmation of abiogenesis and Darwinism as an adequate account of the development of the species?
  14. As a proponent of progressive creationism, Groothuis thinks that traditional views, such as the doctrine of creation ex nihilo and the special creation of Adam and Eve, are flexible in their specifics.
  15. Based on Groothuis’s overall analysis, which of the following ideas from Darwinism cannot be accepted by Christians, for biblical and / or theological reasons.
  16. Groothuis thinks that we should employ scientific evidence concerning origins.
  17. Intelligent design is compatible with a wide variety of theistic and nondualistic pantheistic systems.
  18. Which of the following best expresses why ‘irreducible complexity’ is a threat to Darwinism?
  19. According to Groothuis’s analysis, which of the following represents the best response to those who object to Intelligent Design on the grounds that it must be based on religious authorities, which are not legitimate in science?
  20. Which of the following represents a basic, yet important response to the problem of evil that theists can agree on, even if they disagree about matters such as free will and sovereignty?
  21. According to Groothuis, there is apologetic benefit for advocating a ‘free will’ response to the problem of evil.
  22. In the context of apologetics, Groothuis thinks that it is sufficient to offer a defense against the problem of evil, rather than offer a theodicy.
  23. Groothuis thinks that the problem of evil alone could possibly refute Christianity, even though Christianity is supported by a number of arguments.
  24. What is the inherent result of moral relativism?
  25. According to Bertrand Russell, what is the chief moral failure of the teachings of Jesus?
  26. True or False: Christians are morally culpable to evangelize because of their belief in heaven and hell.
  27. A rejection of what core teaching(s) of Christianity is at the heart of a rejection of the validity of the concept of hell?
  28. Concerning the texts where the “new atheists” find morally offensive actions among God’s people, one possible response is:
  29. True or False: Mainstream critical scholars generally accept the biblical testimonies as true unless specific evidences which contradicts their claims are present.
  30. True or False: Many issues raised by the “new atheists” are derived from misinterpretations of the biblical text.
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