PSYC 380 Exam 4

PSYC 380 Exam 4 Liberty

Set 1

  1. A paradoxical characteristic of children with Williams syndrome is that they ____.
  2. Professor Sanders tells her class that many nonhuman animals can understand language. She described the work by Irene Pepperberg who taught Alex, a ______, many words and even basic conversation skills.
  3. A stroke patient speaks in short, inarticulate but meaningful phrases such as “Weather hot” and “Dog bite man.” This person is probably suffering from ____.
  4. Meri just recovered from split-brain surgery. She found that at first, she kept ____.
  5. In the phenomenon of binocular rivalry, when one eye sees one pattern and the other eye sees another, what do you perceive?
  6. Wilma had a loss of consciousness. When she first started to recover, she experienced _____.
  7. Someone with Broca’s aphasia has the greatest difficulty ____.
  8. The point of origin of an epileptic seizure is called the ____.
  9. Damage to the corpus callosum prevents ____.
  10. In most humans, control of language is centered in the ____.
  11. The view that only minds really exist and that the physical world could not exist unless some mind were aware of it is known as ____.
  12. Deaf children who do not learn any language by the time they enter school ____.
  13. Mariano has severe epilepsy. What would his doctors try first to stop the seizure activity?
  14. The Bode’s son has Williams syndrome. He would most likely be able to do which of the following?
  15. What is the apparent relationship between language abilities and other intellectual abilities?
  16. Oxytocin helps ____.
  17. A split-brain patient sees something in her left visual field, and must reach behind a screen and select the object from a group of objects. She will select the object correctly with ____.
  18. Damage to the left hemisphere is more likely than right hemisphere damage to impair which ability?
  19. Benny had the split-brain procedure done. Later, he was working with a researcher. When he performed an action via his _____, he found that his _____ tried to invent and defend explanations for his actions, even when the true causes were unconscious.
  20. A single visual pattern is presented under two conditions. Under one condition, the viewer is conscious of it, and under the other, the viewer is not. How does the activity differ in the brain, if at all?
  21. An insistent search for the substance or activity to which the individual is addicted is called ____.
  22. ____ was originally called dementia praecox.
  23. Worldwide, the median incidence estimate for autism spectrum disorders is about one in ____.
  24. Research suggests that the brain abnormalities of schizophrenics develop ____.
  25. Trey is finding it hard to function in everyday life as a result of hearing voices and displaying disorganized behaviors. Given that isn’t any other explanation, his doctors will likely diagnose him with _____.
  26. What happens when schizophrenics stop taking neuroleptic drugs?
  27. The areas with the most consistent signs of abnormality in schizophrenics include the ____.
  28. Studies of the genetics of autism spectrum disorders indicate that ____.
  29. A delusion is a(n) ____.
  30. Physicians must carefully monitor the dose of lithium they give to bipolar patients because ____.
  31. Electroconvulsive therapy was first introduced as a treatment for _____ although it didn’t help. However, it did produce some relief for patients with _____.
  32. As an addiction develops, many of its effects, especially the enjoyable effects, decrease, a phenomenon known as____.
  33. The problems that schizophrenics have with memory and attention are most likely related to an increased tendency of having brain damage in the ____.
  34. The amino acid, glycine, provides a possible co-treatment for schizophrenia because it ____.
  35. Hallucinations, delusions, and grossly disorganized behavior are classified as which kind of symptoms?
  36. An alternative to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is the proposal that schizophrenia may be due to a deficiency of activity of ____ synapses.
  37. A drug that blocks the effects of a neurotransmitter is a(n) ____; a drug that mimics or increases the effects is a(n) ____.
  38. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors operate similarly to ____.
  39. Prior to the 1950s, few schizophrenic patients who entered a mental hospital ever left. The discovery most responsible for alleviating that situation was the discovery of ____.
  40. Most depressed people show ____ activity in the ____ prefrontal cortex.

Set 2

  1. The____ has made the most spectacular progress toward learning to communicate by an approximation of human language.
  2. Rene Descartes proposed that ____.
  3. Noam Chomsky and other advocates of the language acquisition device argue that humans ____.
  4. A paradoxical characteristic of children with Williams syndrome is that they ____.
  5. The planum temporale is located in the ____.
  6. The best description of oxytocin may be that it ____.
  7. The nonhuman species that has made the most spectacular progress toward learning to communicate by an approximation of human language is the ____.
  8. Noam Chomsky and Steven Pinker proposed that humans have a ____.
  9. Someone suffering from Wernicke’s aphasia has difficulty ____.
  10. A stroke patient speaks in short, inarticulate but meaningful phrases such as “Weather hot” and “Dog bite man.” This person is probably suffering from ____.
  11. Meri just recovered from split-brain surgery. She found that at first, she kept ____.
  12. Pictures of the person you love will produce increased activation of certain brain areas associated with ____.
  13. Language studies with bonobo chimpanzees suggest that they ____.
  14. Lateralization refers to the ____.
  15. Research with deaf children suggests that it is essential to ____.
  16. People with Broca’s aphasia speak meaningfully but ____.
  17. Wernicke’s aphasia is also known as ____.
  18. Studies of nonhuman language abilities call attention to the ____.
  19. Beeler is testing what happens when she presents her monkey with two similar choices that the monkey likes (eg., an apple slice or a banana slice). She has found that the monkey will have increased activity in the _____.
  20. The love-enhancing hormone is ____.
  21. Which category of antidepressant drugs operates by blocking the enzyme that metabolizes catecholamines and serotonin into inactive forms?
  22. Professor Travila tells his class that the part of the brain most often associated with drug addiction is the ____.
  23. The symptoms of tardive dyskinesia are ____.
  24. Most antipsychotic drugs work by _____.
  25. About 12 percent of the mothers of children who have autism spectrum disorders have ____.
  26. Acneer has been diagnosed with depression. It is likely that he has lower than average levels of _____.
  27. Atypical antipsychotic drugs alleviate schizophrenia with fewer side effects than other drugs because they ____.
  28. Another term for antipsychotic drugs is ____.
  29. The two chemical families to which most antipsychotic drugs belong are ____.
  30. The use of electroconvulsive shock declined in the 1950s because ____.
  31. Before diagnosing her patient with schizophrenia, Dr. Broxton will rule out all of the following except ____ since they also resemble schizophrenia.
  32. Charlotte has schizophrenia and is beginning to experience _____ (one of the major side effects) as a result of her medication affecting the _____.
  33. A drug that is able to block the effects of a neurotransmitter is called a(n) ____.
  34. Zakoria is an alcoholic. To help him stop drinking, his doctor prescribed _____ which would make him sick to his stomach if he consumed alcohol.
  35. The primary symptoms of autism spectrum disorders include ____.
  36. The concordance rate for schizophrenia is around ____ percent for monozygotic twins.
  37. Prior to the 1950s, few schizophrenic patients who entered a mental hospital ever left. The discovery most responsible for alleviating that situation was the discovery of ____.
  38. Trey is finding it hard to function in everyday life as a result of hearing voices and displaying disorganized behaviors. Given that isn’t any other explanation, his doctors will likely diagnose him with _____.
  39. An example of a “negative symptom” of schizophrenia is ____.
  40. To say that a drug has an affinity for a particular type of receptor is to imply that the drug ____.
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