Smith (2002) specifically cautioned clinicians about the propensity to make assumptions about their clients’ experiences based on shared racial background.
Which of the following has contributed toward African-American and Latino conflicts?
The acknowledgment of ‘differences’ on the part of the counselor should never be part of the counseling session.
In the textbook, what has been found regarding racism and White identity?
Multicultural Counseling training is unlikely to wane given the continued population growth of ethnic/racial groups in the U.S. relative to the White population.
‘Varied educational exposure may not be a strong enough stimulus to prompt a racist to change his attitude.’ This is NOT a criticism of Racial Identity Models.
According to the notes, ‘Racial Etiquette’ includes
The book ‘Shades of Black: Diversity in African-American Identity’ was written by
A reason given in the textbook for the development of racial identity models is
According to Ruiz, fragmentation of ethnic identity and rejection of Chicano/Latino heritage is associated with the:
People of color become very concerned about discussing interethnic and racial misunderstandings between groups for fear that such problems may be used by those in power to:
In the Acculturation process, people often function as their own active agents in
According to the notes, today, the prevalent idea on racial identity derives from
If negative racial/ethnic group perception is paramount in the life of an individual and very little exists that counteracts that, the individual is likely to feel _____ or __________ toward their own ethnic identity.
In Rowe, Bennett, and Atkinson’s Model of White Racial Consciousness, the Dependent Type often feel conflict between belief systems and contradictory experiences.
According to the notes, on the topic of minority counselors, the ‘core’ of the discussion is _________.
Traditional Acculturation Theory was based on the idea that there is only one place that one can call “home.”
Sue’s racial identity model postures that individuals in each stage demonstrate attitudes or beliefs.
The 1992 Race Riots in Los Angeles were ‘sparked’ by the acquittal of police officers in the beating of
The 1992 Race Riots in Los Angeles illustrated the conflicts between what communities?
Counselor ‘self-examination’ with regards to many variables that impact the counseling endeavor should be part of every ethical and competent counselor.
The two constant themes in Racial Identity Models and Acculturation are finances and autonomy.
According to a 1994 Harris Poll:
A primary component always postulated in Racial Identity Models and Acculturation theory is spirituality.
Helms’ third status is called Reintegration.
Acculturative stress is the psychological impact of adaptation to a new culture, which may have negative
In the Acceptance stage of Hardiman’s White Racial Identity Development Model:
The U.S. Attorney General involved in the Elián Gonzalez case was
Hays (2008) coined the acronym ADDRESSING that serves as a reminder to clinicians about the multifaceted nature of multicultural therapy in terms of what they need to deal with. What do the A, E, and the G in the acronym stand for?
In Cross’ stage 1—Pre-Encounter, he proposes that individuals with pro-white attitudes derive their “notions of beauty and art from a White and decidedly western aesthetic.”
Elián Gonzalez was originally from
Native language weakening due to lack of proficiency and comfort when spoken plus difficulty in understanding can create social distance between generational lines.
Cross’ racial identity approach is called
A criticism of Racial Identity Models is the notion of linear development in a predictive manner.
If a mental health practitioner is a person from an ethnic/racial minority group this automatically makes them competent in doing multicultural counseling.
All therapists regardless of race/ethnicity, culture, gender, or disability need to become aware of their own worldview, biases, values and assumptions of human behavior.
Gehart and Lyle (2001) suggest that women counselors form better therapeutic relationships with their clients. Why is this so?
According to Mendez, Culver-Turner, Amanor-Boadu, Minner, Cook, Stith, and McCollum–Findings regarding the impact of ethnic/racial matching have been inconclusive.
In this stage there is a movement away from group identification and anger toward majority culture to more personal reflection. This is Sue’s Dissonance stage.
Janet Helms’ racial identity model primarily addresses Asian-Americans’ development.
The Elián Gonzalez case illustrated the conflicts between what communities?
For new immigrants, the transition to a new land is beset with many immediate challenges.
According to the notes, adolescent immigrant youth tend to adapt quicker than parents with regards to
II Corinthians 5:17 addresses the ‘new’ life believers can have in Christ.
Often, the primary interpreter for married immigrants with children is
What theoreticians conceived of learning as a product of the individual in interaction with the social context?
Intergroup conflict is defined as an incompatibility of
According to the notes, the research literature appears to be inconclusive regarding the efficacy of racial/ethnic matching in counseling.
In 1971, Sue and Sue developed an early model of development, which was used to explain clinical differences amongst Chinese Americans. Which of the following descriptions was NOT a part of the model?