PSYC 351 Test 1

PSYC 351 Test 1 Liberty University

  1. All ____________ refer to an image of what the typical member of a particular group is like.
  2. Which of the following statements is inaccurate regarding proxemics?
  3. Social economic status can hinder the therapeutic endeavor by:
  4. Non-Western indigenous methods of healing are not scientific and should be avoided.  Why is this statement NOT true?
  5. Ethical clinical practice requires practitioners to always follow through in counseling the client regardless whether or not a serious impasse exists in the therapeutic alliance.
  6. ‘High-context’ communication is characteristic of individualist type cultures.
  7. James 1:5 addresses
  8. Both counselor and client identities are simple and function in only one area of social dynamics.
  9. They have the greatest power, most privileges, and highest social status. This is called:
  10. An Etic perspective views human dynamics across cultures and is mindful of ‘core and universal’ similarities. Please explain what is meant by ‘core and universal’ similarities.
  11. Milton Acosta uses a New Testament biblical illustration to highlight the transcendence of culture by Jesus.  The story is:
  12. Who stated “Encapsulated counselors are those who wall themselves off from the world around them…they pretend that life inside the cocoon is the same as life outside the cocoon.”
  13. Western style type counselors tend to emphasize and value verbal/emotional/behavioral expressiveness as important to:
  14. Prejudice: It is an ___________. Discrimination: It is an _________.
  15. What author(s) developed the ‘Handbook of Multicultural Counseling?’
  16. Multicultural counseling does not view problems as always or solely residing within individuals—the environmental context, and the cultural variables are also explored to ascertain what is going on.
  17. Which of the following has been described as a challenge faced by counselors in treating culturally diverse populations?
  18. The structural approach in family counseling emphasizes:
  19. The paradigm which suggests that the trend in America regarding group dynamics is for people to maintain their cultural distinctiveness is called:
  20. The sociological definition of ‘culture’ is divided into two parts.  They are:
  21. If the client does not speak English and the therapist does not speak the native language of the client, and arrangements cannot be made for an interpreter, all is a moot point….
  22. I Thessalonians 5:14 addresses:
  23. Historically, psychotherapies were devised primarily by men of European ancestry and reflected the norms of their
  24. Who stated the following? ‘Research suggests that gender, racial, ethnic, sexual, and class identities are fluid, multidimensional, personalized social constructions that reflect the individual’s current context and socio-historical cohort.’
  25. Which minority group is most likely to have a kinship system in which individuals with a variety of blood and emotional ties (aunts, uncles, preachers, boyfriends, etc.) may act as the extended family?
  26. Both counsellor and client identities are formed and function in multiple levels of experiences.
  27. Disorientation experienced when coming in contact with a different culture is called ethnocentrism.
  28. Who suggested that historically and initially, psychotherapy textbooks and training programs reflected a reality in which “even the rat [in experiments] was White.”
  29. The degree to which a culture encourages, fosters, and facilitates the needs, wishes, desires, and values of an autonomous and unique self over those of a group is called ‘collectivism.’
  30. As a counselor, what stereotypes, perceptions, and beliefs do you personally and professionally hold about culturally diverse groups that may hinder your ability to form a helpful and effective relationship? This is a question you may ask if you are attempting to develop which component of cultural competence:
  31. Multicultural counseling competence begins with:
  32. According to your notes______-_________ is the first step in personal growth and cultural competence.
  33. A culturally competent counselor is one who believes:
  34. The therapeutic alliance
  35. Collectivistic cultures have fewer, yet more stable, in-groups.
  36. A means by which to counter the tendency to use our own culture as a tool for judgment is called:
  37. A social condition in which privileges and obligations are given to some and not to others is called:
  38. Nonlinear, holistic, harmonious, and intuitive thinking have been described as characterizing:
  39. It is a conversational and collaborative process that can assist in the development of skills or perspectives that can facilitate effective personal growth, change, or coping mechanisms with uncertainties, conflicts, or traumatic events. This is a description of:
  40. Kinesics refers to bodily movements.
  41. A practitioner’s basic counseling training can serve as ‘first step foundation’ to competent multicultural counseling.
  42. He was the founding editor of the ‘Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences.’
  43. Counselors’ acceptance of potential benefits of spirituality as a means of coping with helplessness, powerlessness, and identity issues is increasing.
  44. Proverbs 15:23 addresses good behavior
  45. No single therapeutic counseling approach is equally effective across all populations.
  46. A group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group is called:
  47. Murray Bowen developed communications family therapy.
  48. What assumptions are embedded in the African American notion, “If you really want to know what White folks are thinking and feeling, don’t listen to the way they say it, but how they say it.”
  49. If the presenting problem is culturally laden but directly violates or ignores a Biblical imperative, the therapist should:
  50. Collectivism and individualism both describe cultural orientations and are thereby used to describe cultures and by inference individuals, which in turn affects:
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