PSYC 320 Exam 3

PSYC 320 Exam 3 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. Brian has been teaching his son to shoot a basketball correctly.  Initially, Brian lowered the backboard and used a smaller ball to increase the chances his son would shoot the ball correctly.  Once his son begins having success, Brian begins to raise the backboard and use a larger ball.  This is an example of:​
  2. Which method of prompting and fading is used when it is believed the learner does not need a physical prompt to engage in the correct behavior?​
  3. Tony’s basketball coach just put him into the game, but Tony does not know which player on the opposing team he is supposed to guard on defense.  The coach points to the player that Tony is to guard.  This is an example of a ____________ prompt.​
  4. When using prompt delay, the period of time between the presentation of the discriminative stimulus and the prompt can be:​
  5. Which of the following is a guideline for using prompting and transfer of stimulus control correctly?​
  6. When only one type of prompt is faded it is called ____________ fading and when fading occurs across different types of prompts it is called ____________ fading.​
  7. A prompt should be delivered ____________ the discriminative stimulus and ____________  the behavior.​
  8. A coach is using verbal and modeling prompts to teach John how to swing a golf club properly.  As John begins to swing the club correctly, the coach provides fewer and fewer prompts.  This is an example of:​
  9. Which of the following is a major category of prompts?​
  10. In which of the following situations would it be appropriate to use prompting and transfer of stimulus control?​
  11. When using prompting and transfer of stimulus control, the use of ____________ gets the correct behavior to occur, and the use of ____________ transfers stimulus control to the natural discriminative stimulus.​
  12. Which of the following is NOT a type of response prompt?​
  13. Which of the following is (are) necessary for prompting and transfer of stimulus control to be considered complete?​
  14. Mark just got a computer.  He follows the step by step written instructions in order to hook his computer up.  This is an example of:​
  15. In behavior modification, a complex behavior made up of a number of component behaviors occurring in a sequence is referred to as a:​
  16. Which of the following strategies can be used to conduct a task analysis?​
  17. Andrew just got a new puppy, and his Mom is going to use a chaining procedure to teach Andrew all the steps involved in feeding the puppy.  If his Mom teaches him the last behavior in the chain first and then teaches him each previous behavior she would be using:​
  18. What needs to be considered before using total task presentation?​
  19. Which of the following is a guideline for using chaining?​
  20. What type of prompt is most often used with total task presentation?​
  21. Every time Mary uses her DVR to record a television show, she verbally recites each step that she must go through in order to program the DVR.  Mary is using:​
  22. In order for the behavioral chain to continue to occur, the last behavior in the chain must be:​
  23. Each step in the behavioral chain consists of a:​
  24. Doug’s Mom is going to teach him how to make his bed.  Doug’s Mom conducts a task analysis to identify all the individual components involved in the task, and decides to teach the first behavior in the chain first, and then teach each subsequent behavior.  Doug’s Mom is using:​
  25. When using a behavioral chain, a(an) ____________ makes the outcome of the chain more reinforcing.​
  26. The individual component behaviors that occur in a behavioral chain are called ____________ components.​
  27. Which behavioral skills training component functions as the behavioral aspect of a three-term contingency?​
  28. Behavioral skills training procedures are used:​
  29. Which of the following factors increases the effectiveness of modeling?​
  30. A parent describes to a child what she should say if a stranger asks the child to get into his car.  Which behavioral skills training component involves describing the correct behavior to the learner?​
  31. A psychologist instructs parents how to deal with their disobedient son, and then the parents practice.  Following the rehearsal, the psychologist praises them for what they did correctly and gives them further instruction for things they did incorrectly.  Delivering praise and further instruction following rehearsal is referred to as:​
  32. The components of the behavioral skills training procedure are generally used:​
  33. Feedback functions as a (an) ____________ following rehearsal of the correct behavior, and as a (an) __________ when feedback is provided as instructions to improve performance in the next rehearsal.​
  34. BST procedures are NOT used to:​
  35. Which procedure is NOT used to enhance generalization following BST?​
  36. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of using behavioral skills training in a group?​
  37. The use of modeling is more likely to be effective when the:​
  38. Once a learner observes a model, what factor will make it most likely that the learner will continue to engage in the observed behavior?​
  39. Which component of the behavioral skills training procedure is an antecedent strategy?​
  40. A teacher wants to teach fire safety skills. What should the teacher do immediately after telling the students what to do when there is a fire and showing them what to do in a fire situation?​

Set 2

  1. When only one type of prompt is faded it is called ____________ fading and when fading occurs across different types of prompts it is called ____________ fading.
  2. A coach is using verbal and modeling prompts to teach John how to swing a golf club properly. As John begins to swing the club correctly, the coach provides fewer and fewer prompts. This is an example of:
  3. Prompting and transfer of stimulus control is used by:
  4. A change in a stimulus or the addition of a stimulus in order to get the behavior to occur is called a ____________ prompt.
  5. Tony’s basketball coach just put him into the game, but Tony does not know which player on the opposing team he is supposed to guard on defense. The coach points to the player that Tony is to guard. This is an example of a ____________ prompt.
  6. Which of the following is a guideline for using prompting and transfer of stimulus control correctly?
  7. Which method of prompting and fading is used when it is believed the learner does not need a physical prompt to engage in the correct behavior?
  8. Which of the following is (are) necessary for prompting and transfer of stimulus control to be considered complete?
  9. Which of the following is NOT a method of transferring stimulus control?
  10. A prompt should be delivered ____________ the discriminative stimulus and ____________ the behavior.
  11. In which of the following situations would it be appropriate to use prompting and transfer of stimulus control?
  12. When a novel behavior is being taught it is best to use ____________ prompts, and when you want a person to make a correct discrimination ____________ prompts are best.
  13. Jennifer’s Mom is teaching her how to ride a bicycle. Her Mom gets on the bike and rides it around the yard. By demonstrating the entire behavior, Jennifer’s Mom is using a ____________ prompt.
  14. Doug’s Mom is going to teach him how to make his bed. Doug’s Mom conducts a task analysis to identify all the individual components involved in the task, and decides to teach the first behavior in the chain first, and then teach each subsequent behavior. Doug’s Mom is using:
  15. In order for the behavioral chain to continue to occur, the last behavior in the chain must be:
  16. Every time Mary uses her DVR to record a television show, she verbally recites each step that she must go through in order to program the DVR. Mary is using:
  17. Which of the following is NOT a chaining procedure?
  18. Forward chaining and backward chaining both involve:
  19. What needs to be considered before using total task presentation?
  20. A researcher is going to use a behavioral chaining procedure to teach an individual with developmental disabilities to stuff brochures into envelopes. The researcher first goes through the process of identifying all the individual stimulus-response components in the chain. This process is called:
  21. The individual component behaviors that occur in a behavioral chain are called ____________ components.
  22. Andrew just got a new puppy, and his Mom is going to use a chaining procedure to teach Andrew all the steps involved in feeding the puppy. If his Mom teaches him the last behavior in the chain first and then teaches him each previous behavior she would be using:
  23. Forward chaining and backward chaining differ in terms of:
  24. When you provide a reinforcer after each response in backward and forward chaining the outcome of that response becomes a:
  25. A basketball coach uses a series of drawings in order to teach Tommy the proper sequence of behaviors necessary to successfully carry out a play from the play book. This is an example of using:
  26. Mark just got a computer. He follows the step by step written instructions in order to hook his computer up. This is an example of:
  27. Which behavioral skills training component functions as the behavioral aspect of a three-term contingency?
  28. Once a learner observes a model, what factor will make it most likely that the learner will continue to engage in the observed behavior?
  29. Which of the following is the best way to provide feedback during BST? Immediately after the learner rehearses the behavior:
  30. The components of the behavioral skills training procedure are generally used:
  31. Which of the following is NOT true concerning behavioral skills training?
  32. A teacher wants to teach fire safety skills. What should the teacher do immediately after telling the students what to do when there is a fire and showing them what to do in a fire situation?
  33. Which of the following is an example of symbolic modeling?
  34. Generalization from training sessions to natural situations is more likely to occur if:
  35. Which procedure is NOT used to enhance generalization following BST?
  36. Which of the following factors increases the effectiveness of modeling?
  37. Behavioral skills training procedures will be more effective if you:
  38. Rehearsing the behavior is an important part of behavioral skills training because it:
  39. A teacher shows students a film demonstrating what they should do in case of a fire. Which component of behavioral skills training involves demonstrating the correct behavior for the learner?
  40. The use of modeling is more likely to be effective when the:
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