NBST 680 Exam 1

NBST 680 Exam 1 Liberty University

  1. What are advantages of studying how the Christian Bible been put together?
  2. What part of Romans uses the Old Testament most?
  3. How does the context of Isaiah 6:9–08a (blind eyes, deafen ears) help with Christ’ parables of the kingdom in Matthew 13?
  4. Does the New Testament use verbatim quotation or paraphrase of the Old Testament?
  5. Why is it important to study Old Testament persons and events in their historical contexts when doing responsible typological interpretation?
  6. In general, how do biblical types relate to history?
  7. Does the New Testament use Psalm 22:1 (“my God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”) as a forward-looking or backward-looking expectational pattern?
  8. When does creation become more important in the teachings of the Old Testament prophets?
  9. What is one of the ministry reasons for study of the scriptural use of scripture?
  10. If the author to the Hebrews is interested in interpreting Torah, why does he typically cite the psalms or prophets rather than the Torah itself?
  11. How does the author choose to the Hebrews interpret Melchizedek?
  12. Why does Beale prefer interpretive guidelines versus formulas?
  13. According to Beale, how many of the New Testament citations of scripture are contextually sensitive?
  14. How does Beale characterize Dodd’s view of the New Testament use of scripture?
  15. According to Beale, what does the christocentric approach to the New Testament use of the Old Testament sometimes lead to?
  16. What is Beale’s view regarding New Testament writers using testimony lists of proof texts from the Old Testament?
  17. According to Beale, how do Adam and Noah function in a semi-typological manner?
  18. According to Beale, what needs to be included within a correct definition of a type?
  19. How does Beale explain progressive revelation?
  20. According to Beale, what was the level of biblical literacy at the majority of the earliest churches?
  21. According to Beale, what are among the most important preliminary issues regarding New Testament use of scripture?
  22. According to Beale, what criterion can solve the debate about Christocentric hermeneutics taking texts out of context?
  23. What are examples of uses of scripture that some scholars think the New Testament writers have taken out of context?
  24. How does Beale view Hosea 11:1 (out of Egypt I called my son)?
  25. What is a quotation?
  26. Why does Beale suggest avoiding the term intertextuality to speak of scriptural use of scripture?
  27. What do some regard as the minimum number of repeated terms to count as an allusion?
  28. How many scriptural allusions are in the New Testament?
  29. What tool shows both New Testament use of Old Testament and also other places in the Old Testament where the initial allusion is referred to?
  30. What size context of the cited Old Testament text does Beale advise studying thoroughly?
  31. How does Beale explain typical similarities in use of scripture by New Testament and ancient Judaic sources?
  32. How does Beale suggest identifying particular scripture passages cited in ancient Judaic literature?
  33. According to Beale, after identifying a New Testament citation of scripture what is the next step of interpretation?
  34. What characterizes typology versus analogy?
  35. Why does Paul cite David’s confession of Psalm 51:4 [6] in Romans 3:4?
  36. According to Silvia Keesmat, what Old Testament narrative provides to prototypical shape of Romans 8:18-39?
  37. How does recognizing Daniel 7 as a blueprint for Revelation 13 help interpreters?
  38. Why is language used in the Old Testament to speak of God’s incomparability (“Who is like you O Lord?” in Exodus 15:11) applied in Revelation 13:14 as “Who is like the beast”?
  39. According to Beale, how does Psalm 41:9 [10] function relative to David before it is used in John 13:18?
  40. According to George Eldon Ladd, what two Old Testament contexts do the parables and mystery allude to in Matthew 13?
  41. Why do New Testament contexts use Old Testament contexts analogically of aspects of the new covenant age?
  42. How may tongues function as a scriptural allusion in Acts 2?
  43. Why do some commentators think Deuteronomy 25:4 (do not muzzle the ox) is already proverbial?
  44. How does Daniel 7-12 function as a model for eschatological discourse of Mark 13:1-27?
  45. How does Beale refer to repeated lack of fulfillment pointing to an eschatological figure who would finally fulfill these commissions?
  46. According to Beale, what is the significance of the captivity-restoration theme in the scriptures used in Romans 9:25-11:35?
  47. According to Beale, how do the allusions to Isaiah 40-66 affect the identity of the Galatians?
  48. What accounts for some similarities in use of scripture by New Testament and ancient Judaic writings?
  49. What set apart the use of scripture by New Testament versus ancient Judaic writings?
  50. How did the Old Testament use of Old Testament guide Matthew’s understanding of Christ?
  51. According to Beale, what is the foundation of Old Testament history functioning as typological prophecy?
  52. According to Beale, what is the origin of New Testament’s interpretive presuppositions?
  53. Why are textual apparatuses of critical editions of the LXX (Old Testament in Greekedited by Brooke, McLean, and Thackeray and Septuaginta published in Göttingen) important for studying the New Testament use of scripture?
  54. How do the writings of Philo contribute to the study of the New Testament use of scripture?
  55. How do the writings of Josephus contribute to the study of the New Testament use of scripture?
  56. How do Qumran biblical texts contribute to the study of the New Testament use of scripture?
  57. How do early Judaic references to tongues of fire contribute to study of the use of scripture in Acts 2?
  58. What is the value of Pseudepigrapha to the study of the New Testament use of scripture?
  59. How can background commentaries assist with interpretation of New Testament use of scripture?
  60. According to Beale, how does Eliakim in Isaiah 22:22 function in relation to the use of this passage in Revelation 3:7?
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