HLTH 330 Quiz Lipids, Protein

HLTH 330 Quiz: Lipids, Protein, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water

  1. Particles that are formed in the small intestine when the products of fat digestion are surrounded by bile.
  2. Which lipoprotein contains the highest proportion of cholesterol?
  3. Triglycerides that are consumed in the diet can be used in all of the following situations except:
  4. This best-known phospholipid is used by the food industry to prevent oil from separating from other ingredients.
  5. High levels of ______ in the blood are associated with a reduction in the risk of heart disease.
  6. Which of the following is not a function of fat in foods?
  7. Though rare in U.S. diets, essential fatty acid deficiencies have occurred in infants and young children when consuming what type of diet?
  8. This lipid is an important component of cell membranes, forming a lipid bilayer by orienting the water-soluble portion towards the water environment:
  9. Bile is:
  10. Limiting oils, butter, margarine, fatty sauces and salad dressings can reduce your total fat and calorie intake.
  11. Obesity and high blood pressure increase heart disease risk, but diabetes does not.
  12. Men are affected a decade earlier than are women by heart disease.
  13. Most of the nitrogen we lose is lost in:
  14. This enzyme is produced in the stomach. It breaks some of the peptide bonds in polypeptide chains.
  15. There are certain conditions under which some of the nonessential amino acids cannot be synthesized to meet the body’s needs. When this occurs these amino acids are referred to as:
  16. The effective chemical digestion of protein in the stomach requires which type of environment?
  17. Chemical digestion of protein begins in the:
  18. The shape of a protein is essential to its function.
  19. The process by which amino acids enter the body involves an energy-requiring amino acid transport system.
  20. Amino acids can be used by the body to make glucose and fatty acids.
  21. Protein quality is a measure of how good the protein in a food is at providing the non-essential amino acids the body needs to synthesize proteins.
  22. Transcription is the process by which transfer RNA reads the genetic code and delivers the needed amino acids to the ribosome.
  23. All of the following MyPlate food groups are good sources of folate except:
  24. Women of childbearing age should consume ________ daily from fortified foods or supplements.
  25. The process whereby immature cells change in structure and function to become specialized is called:
  26. Cells that are deficient in vitamin A become hard and dry because they produce this protein:
  27. A family member has been taking Vitamin C supplements but is now wondering if they should continue to spend money on these supplements. What have you learned about Vitamin C that might help them with an evidence-based decision?
  28. Of the following dieters, who would benefit the most from taking a multivitamin/multimineral supplement?
  29. When Vitamin C intake is below 10 mg per day, the symptoms of _______ begin to appear.
  30. Which of the following is/are antioxidants?
  31. An antioxidant is a substance that protects against oxidative damage.
  32. Pantothenic acid is needed for the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and amino acids.
  33. Folate deficiency can lead to macrocytic or megablastic anemia.
  34. When vitamin D is deficient, calcium absorption is greatly affected.
  35. One of the best sources of riboflavin in the diet is milk.
  36. Which of the following groups of individuals should consume no more than 1500 mg sodium daily?
  37. All of the following are functions of magnesium except:
  38. All of the following are associated with increased risk of developing osteoporosis except:
  39. Excess body weight is associated with ________ risk of osteoporosis development.
  40. Which of the following is not a trace mineral?
  41. When a nerve cell is at rest, potassium is concentrated ____ the nerve cell and sodium is concentrated ________ the nerve cell.
  42. Which of the following is the correct sequence that occurs with the development of iron deficiency anemia?
  43. Urine color charts help people monitor their ________ status.
  44. Phytic acid, tannins, and oxalates ________ the absorption of many minerals.
  45. About 25% of the bottled water sold in the United States is the same water that comes from local municipal water supplies or “tap” water.
  46. Too much water is a problem for the human body because it can change the osmotic balance.
  47. The Environmental Protection Agency sets standards for municipal water systems making tap water similarly safe as bottled water.
  48. Most of the minerals have only one primary function in the body.
  49. The terms “distilled water” and “purified water” are examples of water that come from underground sources rather than from municipal sources
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