HIEU 322 Quiz 5

HIEU 322 Quiz 5 Liberty University

  1. This relief program to bolster the population of Italy by supporting children from poor families was promoted under Nerva and Trajan.
  2. Which of the following is true about Vespasian?
  3. This Christian Apostle spread Christianity to the major urban centers and along the major trade routes of the Roman Empire.
  4. This Greek doctor from Pergamum was the greatest physician and medical writer of Antiquity.
  5. In his Natural History, this writer sought to sum up the existing state of practical and scientific knowledge in his encyclopedic work.  Arranged topically in thirty-seven books, his work systematically compiled a vast array of information on subjects such as geography, botany, and mineralogy.  He was killed by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius at Pompeii while doing research.
  6. Which of the follow was NOT a factor in the 1 stcentury A.D. that contributed to the spread of Christianity in the ancient world?
  7. This general leading the Roman effort in the Jewish War emerged as the victor of the “Year of the Four Emperors” in 69 A.D.—i.e. he rescued Rome from the brink of financial and political disaster, and established the Flavian Dynasty and stability.  He ruled from 69 to 79 A.D.
  8. The reign of this emperor (138-161) was a relatively peaceful and prosperous one.  Whereas his predecessor had been a restless innovator, he was a maintainer of the status quo.  He saw no need to tinker with Rome’s already smoothly running machine.  A former Senator, he got along well with the Senate, and even sought their advice of policy.  Personally frugal, he left the Empire a large surplus at the time of his death.
  9. Perhaps one of the most interesting authors of the first century A.D., this poet was a freed Thracian slave of Augustus who introduced a whole new minor genre to Greco-Roman literature, the moralizing poetic fable.  His fables were often thinly disguised criticisms of the powerful in his own day.
  10. This Roman emperor ruled from April to December 69 A.D., and came to power solely because of the legions from the Rhine frontier, and not because of the Praetorian Guard.  Most sources portray him as inept largely because he failed to prevent looting and violence after his victory.
  11. This Roman emperor succeeded Nero in 68 A.D.  Sixty-six years of age, he was concerned with state finances, and did not pay the Praetorians the reward he had promised.  In early 69 A.D., he was overthrown and killed by an early supporter who had grown disillusioned after not being selected as the Emperor’s successor.  He was the first of the four emperors of 69 A.D.—“The Year of the Four Emperors.”
  12. Which of the following is true about the reign of Titus?
  13. Vespasian refused to spend money on enhancing Rome architecturally or on encouraging literature.
  14. NOT true about Hadrian:
  15. Why was Roman literature of the first two centuries A.D. much different—and often considered inferior—to that of the first century B.C.?
  16. This Roman Emperor (161-180) authored one of the most well-known expressions of Stocism in Overall, he emphasized the benevolence of the Creator and the brotherhood of man, and insisted that happiness depended on controlling one’s own will and accepting whatever Divine Providence in its wisdom might require one to endure.
  17. Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was trained as a youth by this famed rhetorician, who insisted that training in rhetoric should produce a person not only learned in literature and effective in speech, but also of high moral character.
  18. What reform did Vespasian make to the army?
  19. Which of the following is true regarding the Jewish War?
  20. Which Roman historian wrote the following? “Nero had self-acknowledged Christians arrested.  Then, on their information, large numbers of others were condemned—no so much for incendiarism as for their anti-social tendencies.  Their deaths were made farcical.  Dressed in wild animals’ skins, they were torn to pieces by dogs, or crucified, or made into torches to be ignited after dark as substitutes for daylight.  Nero provided his gardens for the spectacle… at which he mingled with the crowd…  Despite their guilt as Christians, and the ruthless punishment it deserved, the victims were pitied.”
  21. After around 100 A.D., this early Christian group (known only later by this name) began assuming authority over other smaller churches—interpreting the word “church” to mean the entire Mediterranean-wide assembly of Christ’s followers (universal).  They also established an elaborate hierarchy, headed by five patriarchs (the bishops of Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch).  In regard to the great doctrine of salvation, they stressed the necessity of works, particularly baptism.
  22. The Jewish War (66-70A.D.) ended with the destruction of Jerusalem (including the Temple) by the Romans, as well as the scattering of the Jews and the spreading of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire.  Jews were still allowed to practice their religion, but now had to pay a tax.
  23. This Roman emperor (98-117 A.D.) was known for his military pursuits, especially his move, in 113, against Armenia and Parthia. Never again would the Roman empire advance so far east.  In 116, however, he got bogged down along the Tigris at the fortress of Hatra, suffered heat stroke, and died the following year.
  24. NOT one of the perceptions Romans held toward early Christians.
  25. This Roman emperor (117-138) was known for his widespread travels through the empire.  He visited Jerusalem in 130, and sparked the Second Jewish War when he renamed the city and built a temple there dedicated to the worship of Jupiter. After a long and costly struggle, the Jews were suppressed and oppressed.  In regards to Christianity, however, he was more enlightened, issuing a “rescript” that forbade “the killing of any Christians without proper trial and accusations.”  It was an attempt by this Antonine to put an end to irregular court procedure so familiar in the Hellenistic East.
  26. What appeal did Judaism have with the Romans?
  27. What stumbling blocks to Judaism did Christianity overcome for the Romans?
  28. It was not Christians who first mounted an attack on polytheism of the masses, but 4 th
    century B.C. Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, who ridiculed the gods and searched for truth.
  29. This historian during the period of the Flavian emperors was a Pharisee with a pro-Roman outlook.  He authored the Jewish Warto point out the futility of resisting Rome, and the 20-volume Jewish Antiquites in defense of his people’s faith and way of life.
  30. This Roman emperor ruled only from 15 January to 16 April 69 A.D.  Aged 36, he had been good friends with Nero, before Nero stole his wife.  He was close to Nero’s successor as well, but was betrayed by him too.  In January 69, he overthrew the emperor after learning that he had not been chosen as heir and successor.  In April 69—after a reign of only a few months—he killed himself following his army’s defection to Vitellius following the Battle of Bedriacum in northern Italy.
  31. This tutor of Nero was once exiled by Claudius, and was the most noted literary figure of the mid-first century A.D.  He was also one of Rome’s most notable Stoic philosophers.  He was forced by his pupil Nero in 65 A.D. to commit suicide.
  32. This Roman Emperor (79-81) succeeded Vespasian.
  33. According to one modern scholar, Judaism was important in paving the way for Christianity in the Roman Empire because it accustomed people to the idea of proselytism or conversion to an exclusive monotheistic religion.  Apart from Judaism there was no other religion in the world which would not make room for other faiths.”
  34. This imperial governor of Bithynia and Pontus (111-113 A.D.), wrote a letter to the emperor Trajan in Rome requesting guidance on how to deal with a particular group of accused Christians.  Trajan agreed that there should be no organized hunt for Christians, but insisted that those who were fairly convicted of being Christians be executed unless they renounced their faith.
  35. Why was there no civil war following the death of Domitian?
  36. Why did Marcus Aurelius allow his son Commodus succeed him?  Since Nerva, Emperors had followed the practice of adopting a successor from outside their family.  Why did Aurelius abandon that practice?
  37. This Roman emperor (96-98 A.D.) was highly regarded for his deference to the senate, including his vow to never put to death a senator who was not condemned by a senatorial court, and his suspension of the hated law of treason.  His most important act was to establish the notion of an adoptive heir.
  38. During the reign of this emperor (89-96), a meticulously thought-out policy of systematic absolutism was established in Rome.  Born in 51 A.D., he was greatly impacted the turmoil of the 60s. A.D. Among other things, he wanted to be worshipped as “lord and god.”  After years of purges and murder, he was assassinated by the butler of one of his cousins.
  39. Which of the following is true regarding the Jews and the Romans?
  40. The reign of Marcus Aurelius was one marked by peace and security at both home and abroad.
  41. According to lectures, what were some things to pave the way for the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire?
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