GOVT 345 Quiz 2

GOVT 345 Quiz 2 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. The Torah presupposes natural law, specifically in Deuteronomy 4:8 where God assumes the Israelites already have a basis for judging his law “righteous”.
  2. On the road called natural law tradition, Richard Hooker is like a bridge connecting John Locke and Jefferson to Aristotle and Aquinas.
  3. Aquinas’s four-part test for law to be law is essentially his way of calling for the rule of law.
  4. For Rousseau, man’s chaotic tendencies could be overcome by reason, economic equality, and submission to the general will.
  5. Sir William Blackstone was enormously influential on the Continent but American colonists dismissed him as a Tory.
  6. The Hebrew natural law tradition dates back to the Middle Ages.
  7. According to Plato, a dynamic society where people are trying to climb the social hierarchy is the most just.
  8. Aquinas requires law to be applied equally to all citizens. No exceptions.
  9. Natural laws are rationally self-evident. The nature of man or the world never enters into the equation.
  10. For Aristotle, understanding the nature or purpose (telos) of things is the key to ordering life.
  11. For Blackstone, free will means having the liberty to do whatever you want.
  12. For Blackstone, the pursuit of happiness is akin to the right to party.
  13. Among classical Romans, probably nobody articulated the nature law theory as well as Cicero.
  14. Plato’s systematic treatise on the natural law is still one of the greatest works of antiquity.
  15. According to Aristotle, just laws ought to regulate interpersonal interaction.
  16. For Augustine, to violate true law is to violate our fundamental nature.
  17. Virtues and vices come in pairs. For example one is either cowardly or courageous.
  18. Though Aquinas is often accused of having a rationalist epistemology, he is probably arguing for “right” reason or a reason that has been enlightened by revelation.
  19. For Aristotle, the common good is achieved when men submit to just men or just laws.
  20. The “big three” natural law philosophers of the medieval period were Augustine, Gratian, and Aquinas.

Set 2

  1. For Kant, moral principles are self-evident.
  2. Among classical Romans, probably nobody articulated the nature law theory as well as Cicero.
  3. The final or end cause of the polis is the common good of its citizens.
  4. Sir William Blackstone was enormously influential on the Continent but American colonists dismissed him as a Tory.
  5. Hebrews 11:3 says, “By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God.” Blackstone assumed this to be true.
  6. According to Locke, the purpose of civil government is to secure economic equality.
  7. One could argue that natural law is revelation—it is general revelation.
  8. The “big three” Greek philosophers are Aristotle, Socrates, and Maimonides.
  9. For Aquinas, the law written on the heart is all one needs to develop virtuous habits.
  10. Thomas Hobbes embraced natural law since it justified overthrowing the king.
  11. For Locke, the problem is not that man is ignorant of natural law but that he rebels against it.
  12. For Aquinas, the well spring of all law is natural law.
  13. According to Samuel Adams, some unjust laws may still be considered law if they were properly passed by a local representative assembly.
  14. Natural laws are rationally self-evident. The nature of man or the world never enters into the equation.
  15. Aristotle defines happiness as pleasure, honor, virtue, and prosperity.
  16. American jurisprudence sits squarely in the natural law tradition.
  17. Plato’s systematic treatise on the natural law is still one of the greatest works of antiquity.
  18. The literal definition of “aristocracy” means “the rich rule”.
  19. For Augustine, to violate true law is to violate our fundamental nature.
  20. For Grotius, a man ought not to rule unless his reason is ruled by and wholly obedient to the God of scripture.
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