When observers are more likely to attend to models who demonstrate behaviors that help observers obtain goals, it is referred to as:
Thorndike’s theory of learning was called:
When a child whispers instructions while performing a task, it is referred to as:
Pavlov’s legacy is his work on:
According to Guthrie, habits are:
When measuring students’ achievement outcomes, Thorndike used a(n) _____ approach.
Which of the following is often used to slow down a child’s rate of performing:
Pavlov conducted his research using:
How well a task is organized and presented to learners is referred to as:
Key motivational processes include all of the following EXCEPT:
F. Skinner’s influence is commonly applied to:
Vicarious consequences serve to:
Which of the following is NOT a suggestion for facilitating generalization, according to O’Leary & Drabman?
Edwin Guthrie’s learning principles were based on the key behaviors of:
The use of _____ is highly recommended in instruction.
Children imitate actions that fit with existing cognitive structures is an assumption of:
The idea that much human learning occurs in a social environment is called:
Which of the following is NOT one of Thorndike’s contributions to Education?
is increased by rehearsing information to be learned.
Social cognitive learning theory contends that people learn from their
Learning from the consequences of one’s actions is known as:
Social cognitive theory was developed by:
Student _____ is directed by physically accentuating relevant task features, subdividing complex activities into parts, using component models, and demonstrating usefulness of modeled behaviors.
The desired outcome in Pavlov’s research is referred to as:
Which one of the following is the best example of state anxiety rather than trait anxiety?
Several teachers complain, “Our students just aren’t motivated.” Is it possible that these teachers are describing their students accurately?
Which one of the following is the best example of hot cognition?
Marion puts off doing a project for the science fair until she has so little time to do it that she cannot possibly complete a good project. Such behavior is most consistent with the concept of:
From Maslow’s perspective, which one of the following best reflects a deficiency need?
Which one of the following statements is consistent with Hull’s notion of how both habit and drive affect performance?
Which one of the following is the best example of extrinsic motivation?
Three of the following testing practices are consistent with the textbook’s discussion regarding motivation and classroom assessment practices. Which one is not?
Whenever Elliot thinks about science, he also thinks about how much he likes science. Which one of the following statements best explains this situation?
Karin and her mother live on welfare in a poor, inner-city neighborhood in Detroit. Karin is quite bright and highly motivated, and she really wants to get a college education. However, she knows that, on average, students from low-income homes perform more poorly on the SAT tests than students from wealthier homes. When she takes the SAT, she is so nervous that she has trouble concentrating on the test items, and as a result her scores are lower than they should be. Which of the following concepts best explains what has happened to Karin?
For which one of the following individuals is behavior clearly affected by an incentive?
Which of the following statements is true of situated motivation?
Which one of the following students is displaying extrinsic motivation?
Which one of the following individuals is most likely to have facilitating anxiety?
Carlton often gets so wrapped up in a video game that he has little or no awareness of events going on around him. An entire afternoon can pass by very quickly as he meets one challenge after another in his video-game world. Carlton’s motivation state can best be characterized as involving:
With the textbook’s discussion of competence and autonomy in mind, choose the teacher below who is most likely to promote intrinsic motivation in his or her students.
Lopez, a third-grade teacher, wants to enhance his students’ intrinsic motivation to learn classroom subject matter. Three of the following strategies should accomplish this goal. Which one is not likely to enhance students’ intrinsic motivation to learn?
Three of the following teachers are likely to enhance students’ intrinsic motivation to do well in the classroom. Which one is unlikely to do so?
If you were to incorporate Maslow’s hierarchy of needs into your teaching practices, you would be most likely to:
Marc loves playing ping pong. When he plays with a friend, he concentrates intently on the game and tries very hard to win. He experiments with different shots (occasionally losing a game in the process) and eventually perfects a few shots that are extremely difficult for an opponent to return. With this information in mind, which one of the following is most likely to be true about Marc?
Rawlins is faculty advisor for the high school service club. He attends every meeting, and he regularly provides the support students need to carry out their activities. During group discussions, however, he typically sits in the back of the room and offers advice only if club members ask for it or if he thinks the club’s planned activities are in some way inappropriate. In taking this approach, Mr. Rawlins is most likely to:
Which one of the following students exhibits a self-conscious emotion?
Day after day, Raymond’s history teacher lectures about the subject matter in a dry, unengaging manner and expects students simply to sit quietly and take notes. To make class a little more exciting for himself and the students sitting near him, Raymond often draws cartoon faces on the tips of his fingers and performs little finger-puppet shows at his desk. Raymond’s behavior in class can probably best be explained as:
You go to an art museum on a Sunday afternoon. Other things being equal, which one of the following pictures are you most likely to remember?
Whenever Gisela has a fight with her boyfriend, she remembers the times he has treated her poorly. But later, when he sends her a dozen roses to apologize for hurting her, she remembers how thoughtful and caring he can often be. Gisela’s change of heart can best be explained using the concept of: