All of the following are effects of learning goals on motivation EXCEPT:
Which of the following is NOT a pretask in the model of motivated learning?
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a part of which theory?
All models of motivated learning assume that motivation operates at all of the following times EXCEPT:
Establishing discriminative stimuli that set the occasion for self‐regulatory responses leading to reinforcement is known as:
A relatively new conception of human motivation is:
Explaining motivation in terms of responses elicited by stimuli or emitted in the presence of stimuli is referred to as:
Which of the following is NOT a monitoring process?
A way to regulate the social environment to promote learning is:
All of the following are steps in constructing and implementing a learning strategy EXCEPT:
Self‐regulation instruction is most effective when it is linked to:
Motivation is intimately linked with:
Who was known for his client‐centered therapy approach to counseling?
Offering rewards for task engagement decreases which type of motivation:
All of the following are elements of self‐judgment EXCEPT:
The highest level of need, according to Maslow, is:
attempt to enhance motivation by altering students’ attributions for successes and failures.
The changes over time that follow an orderly pattern and enhance survival is known as:
Cognitive manifestations of enduring goals, aspirations, motives, fears, and threats is known as:
The generalized expectancy concerning whether responses influence the attainment of outcomes such as successes and rewards is known as:
The process of instigating and sustaining goal‐directed behavior is known as:
Processes that learners use to systematically focus their thoughts, feelings, and actions on the attainment of their goals is known as:
The desire to engage in an activity for no obvious reward except task engagement is known as:
What kind of methods create a favorable psychological environment for learning?
The process of comparing ourselves with others is known as:
Which one of the following definitely illustrates theory of mind in a preschooler?
Three of the following are examples of mnemonics. Which one is not a mnemonic?
Theorists have offered a number of suggestions regarding how teachers might help students develop better summaries of classroom subject matter. Which one of the strategies below do they not recommend?
Learners’ epistemic beliefs can best be described as learners’ views about:
Three of the following examples are consistent with how epistemic beliefs typically change as learners grow older. Which one is not consistent with typical developmental trends in epistemic beliefs?
Intentional learning, as described in the textbook, would be most important for which one of the following learning tasks?
To remember the four states that come together at a single point (Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah), Marcia remembers “CANU” (pronounced like “canoe”). Marcia’s technique illustrates the use of:
A student who has an illusion of knowing is likely to:
Three of the following are characteristics of self-regulated learning. Which one is not necessarily a characteristic associated with self-regulated learning?
Mnemonics probably facilitate memory in a number of ways. Which one of the following is not a potential advantage of mnemonics?
Three of the following students are showing signs of self-regulated learning. Which student does not show any evidence of self-regulated learning?
Can study skills be improved through instruction? Research indicates that:
To remember that the capital of Maine is Augusta, Bart pictures a lion with a gust of wind blowing through its mane. Bart’s technique illustrates:
Of the many learning and study strategies students might use, covert strategies are ultimately more beneficial than overt strategies. Which one of the following is a covert strategy?
When students are reading a textbook, their comprehension monitoring is most effective if it occurs:
Research indicates that study skills training is most likely to be effective when:
When students summarize material they are studying, they learn it more thoroughly. Which one of these students is most effectively summarizing?
Three of the following are accurate statements about how students’ epistemic beliefs influence their approach to studying and learning. Which statement is not accurate?
One valuable study skill is the ability to distinguish between important and unimportant information in the material being studied. Three of the following statements are reasons that students at all levels often have trouble identifying important information. Which one is not a valid explanation of why students have such trouble?
Which one of the following pairs of students best illustrates a difference with respect to students’ epistemic beliefs?
On the average, self-regulated learners tend to:
Melissa has an ingenious method for remembering the member countries of the NATO alliance. Using words that rhyme with the numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on, she forms a visual image of each country interacting with a word that rhymes with a number. For example, she pictures a huge bun (which rhymes with “1”) sitting on top of Big Ben (Great Britain), a shoe (a rhyme for “2”) with a tiny Canadian Mountie (Canada) perched on its toe, a tree (a rhyme for “3”) with numerous Statues of Liberty (United States) growing from its branches, and so on. Melissa’s technique illustrates the use of:
Concept maps, whether constructed by students or teachers, have several advantages. Which one of the following is not necessarily an advantage of concept maps?
Maps, matrixes, and historical time lines all help students learn by facilitating:
Many children lack metacognitive knowledge. This is most directly reflected in the fact that they: